SAIN resources about Ecological Recovery

 

 

April 18, 2005

 

(Note: Here's one to keep handy for "connecting the dots." I’ve compiled this 116-page document from thirty different URLs. Although seemingly daunting, the 278 titles are listed alphabetically; simply using the “Edit/Find” toolbar function will help locate search terms. Please be aware that there is much Language Deception contained herein. There’s nothing about “National” here: it’s all Global and all about Control. Compiled by Julie Kay Smithson into one document.)

 

These are resources in the NBII (National Biological Information Infrastructure) catalog relating to ecological recovery.

1. Building Partnerships to Balance Transportation Planning with Ecosystem Integrity
Resource Identifier: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ecosystems/ga.htm
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Georgia Department of Transportation
Subject: environmental restoration, ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environments, Regeneration (ecosystems)
Description: Georgia's Dept. of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration are purchasing and protecting greenspace and natural habitats in the State.
Publisher: US. Dept. of Transportation Federal Highway Administration
Resource Type: Bibliographies and Web Indexes, Issue Overviews, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Proceedings, Site Conservation Plans
State: Georgia

2. Coastal Preserves Program
Resource Identifier: http://mpa.gov/mpa_programs/states/mississippi.html
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Marine Protected Areas of the United States
Subject: Aquatic ecosystems, Coastal ecosystems, Coastal environments, Coastal zone, Coasts, Terrestrial ecosystems, Wetlands, Ecosystems, Ecosystem analysis, Ecosystem dynamics, Ecosystem structure, Environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Conservation
Description: Information on the Coastal Preserves Program of the state of Mississippi. The Program was developed in 1992 to provide for the acquisition, protection, and management of coastal wetland habitats. The primary goal of the program is to restore, enhance, protect and manage Mississippi's remaining coastal estuarine marsh ecosystem
Publisher: United States Department of Commerce/NOAA and the United States Department of the Interior
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans
State: Mississippi

3. Coastal Restoration and Protection Projects - Grand Bay Savannah
Resource Identifier: http://www.coastalamerica.gov/text/regions/gm/grandbay_sv2.html
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Coastal America
Subject: Aquatic ecosystems, Coastal ecosystems, Coastal environments, Coastal zone, Coasts, Terrestrial ecosystems, Wetlands, Sustainable development, Ecosystem management, Conservation, Resource management, Environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management
Description: An overview of a Coastal America project designed to initiate/facilitate local discussions relating to land use planning, compatible economic development and an overall assessment of economic, environmental and community health of coastal Alabama. Coastal America is a partnership of federal agencies, state and local governments, and private organizations working to protect, preserve, and restore the nation's coasts.
Publisher: Coastal America
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Alabama

4. Conservation Technical Assistance - Alabama NRCS
Resource Identifier: http://www.al.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/initiatives/techassist.html
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS)
Subject: Terrestrial Ecosystems, Farms, Agriculture, Agricultural production, Agricultural technology, Agricultural products, Environmental restoration, Environmental management, Resource management
Description: Website of the Conservation Technical Assistance for Alabama, which helps Alabama landowners plan and apply conservation practices to control erosion and to properly manage soil, water, air, plant, animal resources, and cultural resources.
Publisher: Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS)
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Alabama

5. Coweeta Regionalization Progress Report on NSF Grant DEB 96-32854
Resource Identifier: http://sparc.ecology.uga.edu/webdocs/html/progress/progrep99.html#TAG6
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Coweeta Long Term Ecological Research (LTER)
Subject: Ecology, Disturbance, Deforestation, Forest deterioration, Erosion, Environmental degradation, Soil erosion, Erosion features, Resource exploitation, Desertification, Erosion control, Forestry, Forest protection, Forest conservation, Environmental restoration, Environmental management, Regeneration (ecosystems), Conservation, Resource management, Terrestrial ecosystems, Mountains, High altitude environments, Hills, Landforms, Montane environments
Description: This is a document entitled "Long-term studies of disturbances as they affect ecological processes in landscapes of the southern Appalachians." The purpose of this document is to look at various forms of land use, identifying the patterns of the land use, and how these uses affect aquatic and terrestrial natural environments. The geographic focus of this document is a ten-county area within the Little Tennessee and French Broad river basins in the southern Appalachian states.
Publisher: Coweeta Long Term Ecological Research (LTER)
Resource Type: Case Studies, Journal Articles
State: Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee

6. East Fork Poplar Creek: Signs of Ecological Recovery
Resource Identifier: http://www.ornl.gov/info/ornlreview/rev27-3/text/envside1.htm
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Carolyn Krause
Subject: environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environments, Regeneration (ecosystems)
Description: Homepage explains the increase in fish abundance in East Fork Poplar Creek, just below Lake Reality at the Y-12 Plant. Process water used at the Y-12 Plant and then released to the creek contained chlorine because its source has been the water-treatment plant that provides Oak Ridge's drinking water. Successful efforts have been made to remove chlorine from and keep mercury out of water leaving the plant for the creek.
Publisher: Department of Energy
Resource Type: Case Studies, Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices, Site Conservation Plans
State: Tennessee

7. Ecosystem Enhancement Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ecosystems/nc.htm
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Tad Boggs
Subject: environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environments, Regeneration (ecosystems)
Description: Homepage explains the new program that will allow the ecosystem teams to assess, restore, enhance, and preserve natural resources throughout the State.
Publisher: North Carolina Department of Transportation and Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Resource Type: Case Studies, Digital Photographs, Issue Overviews, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Site Conservation Plans
State: North Carolina

8. Georgia Environmental Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://srwqis.tamu.edu/states/georgia/themes/environment/
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: CSREES Southern Regional Water Quality Program
Subject: environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environments, Regeneration (ecosystems)
Description: Homepage informs the reader of environmental restoration projects throughout the state of Georgia. They range from stream restoration projects, geared at improving bank stability, to large-scale projects returning rivers to their original course.
Publisher: CSREES Southern Regional Water Quality Program
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Site Conservation Plans
State: Georgia

9. Jackson - Ecological Services Field Office
Resource Identifier: http://southeast.fws.gov/pubs/facts/jckescon.pdf
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: United States Fish & Wildlife Service
Subject: environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environments, Regeneration (ecosystems)
Description: Homepage states goals, station facts, photos, services and question and answer section provided by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Jackson, MI.
Publisher: United States Fish & Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Digital Photographs, Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices, Site Conservation Plans
State: Mississippi

10. Mississippi Wetlands Bank
Resource Identifier: https://samribits.sam.usace.army.mil/ribits/viewbankdetails.php?bank_id=2
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: Regional Internet Bank Information Tracking System
Subject: Environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Wetlands, Sustainable development, Ecosystem management, Environmental quality, Quality, Environmental monitoring
Description: A source of information for landowners in the Mississippi Wetlands Bank. The information is designed to assist landowners needing to "mitigate" or compensate for authorized impacts to wetlands associated with development activities.
Publisher: Regional Internet Bank Information Tracking System
Resource Type: Databases and Information Systems, Datasets, Laws and Regulations, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Mississippi

11. National Audubon Society
Resource Identifier: http://www.audubon.org/
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: National Audubon Society
Subject: Biodiversity, Natural resources, Conservation, Nature conservation, Resource conservation, Species, Indigenous species, Indigenous animals, Indigenous plants, Indigenous populations, Nature Conservation, Candidate species, Endangered species, Protected species, Rare species, Species of special concern, Threatened species, Extinct species, Wildlife conservation, Wildlife management, Ecosystems, Ecology, Sustainable development, Ecosystem management, Conservation, Resource management, Environmental restoration, Environmental management, Regeneration (ecosystems), Organizations, Conservation organizations, Foundations, Nongovernmental organizations, Research institutions
Uncontrolled Keywords: Species conservation, Ecosystems recovery
Description: The home page of the National Audubon Society, an organization dedicated to conserving natural ecosystems and wildlife habitats in order to preserve biodiversity. Its activities include environmental education projects, scientific research support, working with communities to protect ecosystems, and working with lawmakers in Washington to enact and preserve conservation legislation.
Publisher: National Audubon Society
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles, Digital Photographs, Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

12. North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Resource Identifier: http://www.enr.state.nc.us/
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Contributor:
Subject: Natural resources, Conservation, Nature conservation, Resource conservation, Environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environmental quality, Quality, Environmental monitoring, Quality control, Air quality, Air pollution, Air purification, Water quality, Water, Water analysis, Water conservation, Water management, Water pollution, Water purification, Water quality control, Water quality measurement, Water resources, Government Agencies, State government agencies
Description: Contains data, statistics, reports and maps about ozone forecasts, wetlands and pollution prevention among other topics for the state of North Carolina. The NCDENR is a state-run environmental stewardship organization interested in protecting air quality, water quality, and the public's health.
Publisher: North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Resource Type: Datasets, Fact Sheets, Laws and Regulations, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Journal Articles
State: North Carolina

13. NOVA on-line / Fire Wars
Resource Identifier: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/fire/
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: WGBH Science Unit
Contributor:
Subject: Ecology, Disturbance, Environmental hazards, Fires, Fire hazards, Natural disturbance, Environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Regeneration (ecosystems), Education, Environmental Education, Environmental awareness
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological processes, Images, Teacher resources
Description: Although wildfire can be quite destructive, some plants and animals become adapted to and even require this disturbance for their survival. This companion Web site to the new PBS NOVA program, Fire Wars, focuses on wildfires, the people who fight them, and the impact that the fires have on natural ecosystems. A teacher’s guide accompanies the sites, offering ideas for discussion and activities that can be used alone or with the television program.
Publisher: WGBH Science Unit
Resource Type: Journal Articles

14. The Little Tennessee River Watershed
Resource Identifier: http://www.littletennesseewatershed.org/
Cataloging Node: Southern Appalachian Information Node
Creator: The Little Tennessee River Watershed Association
Contributor:
Subject: Nonprofit associations, Organizations, Conservation organizations, Foundations, Nongovernmental organizations, Research institutions, Volunteers, Data, Statistics, Biometrics, Statistical analysis, Biological sampling, Biomonitoring, Erosion, Environmental degradation, Environmental restoration, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental management, Environmental quality, Quality, Environmental monitoring, Quality control, Water quality, Water, Water analysis, Water conservation, Water management, Water pollution, Water purification, Water quality control, Water quality measurement, Water resources, Aquatic ecosystems, Fresh water, Water, Freshwater ecology, Freshwater ecosystems, Freshwater environments, Wetlands
Description: This is the website of an organization concerned with protecting and conserving the environment and water quality of the Little Tennessee Watershed. Includes information on projects in biomonitoring, streambank erosion, and environmental education. Provides maps and models of the Little Tennessee River watershed.
Publisher: The Little Tennessee River Watershed Association
Resource Type: Datasets, Issue Overviews, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Journal Articles, Site Conservation Plans
State: Georgia, North Carolina

15. AABR - Australian Association of Bush Regenerators
Resource Identifier: http://www.zip.com.au/~aabr/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: AABR c, o Total Environment Centre, Level 2 362 Kent Street, Sydney 2000, Australia
Uncontrolled Keywords: environments; ecosystems; environmental restoration; ecosystem management; education; Australia

16. Adaptive Ecosystem Management in the Pacific Northwest: A Cast Study from Coastal Oregon
Resource Identifier: http://www.consecol.org/vol4/iss2/art6/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Andrew N. Gray
Subject: ecosystem management, old growth, forests, forestry, riparian environments, ecology, ecosystem management, landscape, models, monitoring, public awareness, conservation, environmental restoration, social aspects, economics
Uncontrolled Keywords: adaptive management
Description: Abstract: Adaptive ecosystem management has been adopted as a goal for decision making by several of the land management and regulatory agencies of the U.S. government. One of the first attempts to implement ecosystem management was undertaken on the federally managed forests of the Pacific Northwest in 1994. In addition to a network of reserve areas intended to restore habitat for late-successional terrestrial and aquatic species, "adaptive management areas" (AMAs) were established. These AMAs were intended to be focal areas for implementing innovative methods of ecological conservation and restoration and meeting economic and social goals. This paper analyzes the primary ecological, social, and institutional issues of concern to one AMA in the Coast Range in northern Oregon. Based on existing knowledge, several divergent approaches are available that could meet ecological goals, but these approaches differ greatly in their social and economic implications. In particular, approaches that rely on the natural succession of the existing landscape or attempt to recreate historical patterns may not meet ecosystem goals for restoration as readily as an approach based on the active manipulation of existing structure and composition. In addition, institutions are still adjusting to recent changes in management priorities. Although some innovative projects have been developed, adaptive management in its most rigorous sense is still in its infancy. Indeed, functional social networks that support adaptive management may be required before policy and scientific innovations can be realized. The obstacles to adaptive management in this case are similar to those encountered by other efforts of this type, but the solutions will probably have to be local and idiosyncratic to be effective.
Publisher: Resilience Alliance
Resource Type: Case Studies, Recommended Practices, Journal Articles
State: Oregon

17. African Blackwood Conservation Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.blackwoodconservation.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: African Blackwood Conservation Project
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dalbergiamelanoxylon; African blackwood tree; mpingo; conservation; Tanzania; ecological restoration; distribution; habitat; ecology; biodiversity

18. Afton Canyon Riparian Restoration Project Fourth Year Status Report (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.cwss.org/1999/130-144.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: California Weed Science Society
Subject: invasive species, introduced species, weed control, weeds, vegetation, infestation, biological control, monitoring, herbicides, controlled burning, environmental restoration, flood plains
Uncontrolled Keywords: riparian habitat, canopy,
Description: Proceedings which discuss the efforts to restore Afton Canyon's riparian system. The project demonstrates that cost effective saltcedar control at specific sites is feasible and that such control can assist in improving the proper functioning condition of saltcedar affected streams.
Publisher: California Weed Science Society
Resource Type: Datasets, Proceedings
State: California

19. American Field Guide: Teacher Resources
Resource Identifier: http://www.pbs.org/americanfieldguide/teachers/index.html
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: Oregon Public Broadcasting and PBS
Subject: education, environmental education, ecology, threatened species, volcanoes, introduced plants, introduced animals, mammals, plants, botany, protected areas, geology, prairies, oceans, fossils, habitats, forests, floods, fires, insects, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: fire ecology, 4-6, 7-8, 9-12
Description: Joining high quality clips from PBS's American Field Guide nature and outdoors series with curricula and unit lesson plans, this interactive resource provides a wealth of material for teachers of students in grades 6-12. Units include fire ecology, mammals, economic use of natural areas, flowers and plants, forests, fossils, insects, landfills, national parks, native species restoration, non-native species, ocean habitats, prairie habitats, geology, threatened species, transportation, salmon and dams, and volcanoes. Each video clip is accompanied by teaching strategies, as well as activities, objectives, and assessment tools. Video clips are provided in both Real Media and Windows Media formats, and are optimized both for 56K and high-speed modems.
Publisher: Oregon Public Broadcasting and PBS
Resource Type: K-12 Curriculum and Lesson Plans

20. American Heritage Rivers - Willamette River
Resource Identifier: http://www.epa.gov/rivers/98rivers/fswillam.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Subject: rivers, government programs, socioeconomics, planning, conservation, environmental restoration, cooperation, government regulations, public policy
Description: The American Heritage Rivers initiative is an innovative response to help river communities that seek federal assistance and other resources to meet some tough challenges. Without any new regulations on private property owners, state, local and tribal governments, the American Heritage Rivers initiative is about making more efficient and effective use of existing federal resources, cutting red-tape, and lending a helping hand. The American Heritage Rivers designation on the Willamette includes the nearly 200-mile-long reach from Springfield north to Portland. This stretch of the river flows through the three largest cities in the state: Eugene/Springfield, Salem (the state capital), and Portland. More than two million people live in the Willamette basin, the fastest growing portion of the state.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Oregon

21. Amphibians and Reptiles in Great Lakes Wetlands: Threats and Conservation
Resource Identifier: http://www.on.ec.gc.ca/wildlife/factsheets/fs_amphibians-e.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service
Subject: reptiles, amphibians, threatened species, conservation, environmental protection, wetlands, freshwater environments, wildlife, habitats, water purification, flood control, recreation, food webs, vegetation, fishes, introduced species, mating, egg laying, life cycle, environmental degradation, pollution, exploitation, freshwater fishes, aquatic plants, biological control, biodiversity, frogs, turtles, contaminants, salamanders, monitoring, surveys, environmental restoration, marshes
Uncontrolled Keywords: threats
Description: This fact sheet describes the importance of wetlands to people, to the ecology of the biosphere as a whole, and especially to the amphibians and reptiles that depend upon wetlands for their survival. It examines some of the various threats to our remaining Great Lakes wetlands and some of the ongoing efforts to protect existing wetlands and restore degraded ones.
Publisher: Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans

22. An Examination of Runoff Water Quality and Nutrient Export from a Forested Watershed Fertilized with Biosolids
Resource Identifier: http://www.psat.wa.gov/Publications/98_proceedings/pdfs/6a_grey.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Mark Grey, Chuck Henry
Subject: fertilizers, watersheds, runoff, water quality, soils, organic fertilizers, forests, reclamation, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: biosolids
Description: Applying biosolids to both low and high quality sites in the Pacific Northwest increases the growth and size of Douglas fir (Henry et al., 1994). Thousands of acres of timber lands are currently excluded from biosolids fertilization due to existing guidelines that suggest applications be limited to terrain with slopes less than 30% (WDOE, 1996). Generally, slopes exceeding 30% are found on forested sites, and this is certainly the case within a region known as the Mountains to Sound Greenway (MTSG) between Seattle and Snoqualmie Pass. Part of the MTSG program involves using biosolids for forest fertilization and biosolids compost for disturbed land reclamation and restoration, i.e., stabilization of steep slopes and abandonment of logging roads. Biosolids is used as an organic fertilizer, as it contains high concentrations of nitrogen (N) (7%) and phosphorus (P) (3%) on a weight basis. A concern within the MTSG is water quality protection and enhancement. One of the largest surface water receiving bodies is Lake Sammamish and it is P-limited. Dissolved and labile P entering the lake are both available for uptake, and high total lake P concentrations cause toxic algae blooms.
Publisher: Puget Sound Online
Resource Type: Management Plans, Recommended Practices, Proceedings
State: Washington

23. Anacostia Watershed
Resource Identifier: http://www.anacostia.net/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: MWCOG Department of Environmental Programs, 777 North Capitol Street, NE, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20002-4239
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Washington DC; Anacostia River; water quality; environmental monitoring; research programmes; environmental protection; water pollution; pollution control; maps; mapping; environmental restoration; habitat improvement

24. Answering Questions in Management and Research Using Large-Scale Manipulative Experiments
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/cooper.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, research, monitoring, forestry, controlled burning, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: land managers; management practices; power; migratory land birds; manipulative experiments; experimental design; objectives; controls; randomization; replication; adaptive resource management; applied research ; manipulation; nongame species; insect pest management; plot size
Description: Research study that defines how an adequate information base regarding management practices for migratory landbirds and other nongame species does not yet exist. Land managers, therefore, must act with inadequate knowledge of the resources they are charged with managing. Part of the solution to this problem rests with the land managers themselves, in that they are in a position to gain new knowledge about this resource by combining research or monitoring with the management activities they currently use or anticipate using. By collaborating with researchers, they can modify some of these manipulations to take the form of well-designed, large-scale experiments. Ideally, such experiments should include features of sound experimental design, such as replication, randomization, and controls. Where such features are compromised, we offer some suggestions on how to modify designs appropriately. They also should include estimation of demographic parameters such as productivity and survival, rather than just assessment of presence/absence. Presented are four examples from our own work with silviculture in two forest types, prescribed fire, and insect pest management. In each case, a long-term, large-scale, manipulative experiment was developed and funded through collaborative efforts among researchers, managers, and multiple partners. Benefits to managers include timely information directly pertinent to their lands. Benefits to researchers include increased funding opportunities for basic as well as applied research, and the knowledge that their research results are being used. Both groups benefit in that they are able to achieve more together than either could alone.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans, Recommended Practices

25. Aquatic Habitat Guidelines: An Integrated Approach to Marine, Freshwater, and Riparian Habitat Protection and Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://wdfw.wa.gov/hab/ahg/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Habitat Technical Assistance, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Subject: aquatic environments, habitats, habitat improvement, environmental restoration, marine environments, riparian environments, freshwater environments, resource management, wildlife management, environmental protection, environmental impact, construction
Description: The goal is to produce series of guidelines documents to facilitate the consistent application of good science and practice for resources and habitat management, project design, construction, and operation in, near, or affecting aquatic systems. Objectives of the Aquatic Habitat Guidelines program include: make the expertise of professional resource managers available to a wide variety of organizations and citizens who are seeking assistance in habitat protection and restoration activities, streamline local, state, and federal regulatory review of activities involving aquatic environments by providing guidelines based on best available science, provide a scientific basis for any future changes to current local policies or activities associated with aquatic resource in the state, maintain ongoing reviews and updates to the Aquatic Habitat Guidelines documents to reflect experience and emerging science and technical practice. The site contains white papers on the following topics: overwater structures, marine and estuarine shoreline modification issues, water crossings, channel design, ecological issues in floodplain and riparian corridors, dredging and gravel removal.
Publisher: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Resource Type: Recommended Practices
State: Washington

26. Aquatic Reef Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.chesapeakebay.net/info/reefrest.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Chesapeake Bay Program Office
Subject: coral reefs, reefs, benthos, marine ecosystems, harvesting, pollution, diseases, environmental restoration, environmental protection, nature reserves, oysters, fishery industry, fishery management, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: oyster reefs; aquatic reefs; intertidal oyster reef ; subtidal oyster reef ; high vertical relief; medium vertical relief; low vertical relief; barges
Description: Maryland and Virginia have been creating aquatic reefs since the mid 1990's. To date, sanctuaries have been created on historically productive oyster ground, which serves as the "footprint" for potential reef projects. This site provides information about the aquatic reef restoration project in the Chesapeake Bay.
Publisher: Chesapeake Bay Program Office
Resource Type: Site Conservation Plans

27. Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality Mining Division
Resource Identifier: http://www.adeq.state.ar.us/mining/default.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality, Little Rock, AK, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Arkansas; government regulations; coal; mining; land use; soil contamination; water quality; environmental restoration

28. Artificial Reefs of the Florida Keys
Resource Identifier: http://www.indiana.edu/~scuba/artificial.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Indiana University
Subject: coral reefs, artificial reefs, marine environments, reef formation, coastal environments, habitats, ecosystem management, environmental restoration, fishes, diving
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Description: Resources about how artificial reefs have been developed in the Florida Keys.
Publisher: Indiana University
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs
State: Florida

29. Aspen Tree Species
Resource Identifier: http://biology.umt.edu/landbird/mbcp/mtpif/Aspen.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Montana Partners in Flight
Subject: trees, stands, coniferous forests, regeneration (ecosystems), fires, stands, land use, conservation, environmental restoration, land ownership, grazing, habitats, status
Uncontrolled Keywords: fire suppression, prescribed fires
Description: Fact sheet on the Aspen species in the Rocky Mountain west including: importance to region, dominant species and vegetation, historical condition/land use, current status and land use, potential for conservation and restoration.
Publisher: Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Montana

30. Bay Stressor
Resource Identifier: http://www.chesapeakebay.net/info/stressor.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Chesapeake Bay, 410 Severn Avenue, Suite 109, Annapolis, MD 21403, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: bay stressor; watersheds; nutrients; environmental restoration; aquatic organism; depleted stocks; living resources; sediment pollution; algal blooms; nutrients; toxicants; air pollution; point pollution; nonpoint pollution; USA, Maryland, Chesapeake bay

31. Biodiversity and its Management on the National Elk Refuge, Wyoming (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.yale.edu/environment/publications/bulletin/104pdfs/104Matson.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Noah Matson
Subject: biodiversity, nature reserves, wildlife, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, environmental protection, riparian environments, invasive species, management, population decline, environmental restoration, monitoring, damage, elk, data processing
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiversity management; refuge ecosystem; vegetative communities; vascular plants; native fish; Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem; National Wildlife Refuge System Information Act; ungulates, supplemental feeding, private land
Description: This paper highlights how supplemental feeding programs at the National Elk Refuge has supported higher numbers of elk than the refuge ecosystem can handle and how these ungulates have had negative impacts on a number of biotic communities. Elk have reduced and eliminated woody tree and shrub cover along riparian areas, limited aspen regeneration, reduced sage grassland structural diversity and rendered areas prone to exotic plant invasion. If current management continues, these vegetative communities and their associated wildlife species will continue to decline. This paper makes recommendations for needs at the refuge.
Publisher: Yale University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans
State: Wyoming

32. Biodiversity and Land-use History of the Palouse Bioregion: Pre-European to Present
Resource Identifier: http://biology.usgs.gov/luhna/chap10.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Anne E. Black; J. Michael Scott; Eva Strand; R. Gerald Wright; Penelope Morgan; Cortney Watson
Subject: biodiversity, climatic change, land use, vegetation, population dynamics, fires, environmental impact, human impact, mapping, ecosystem disturbance, grasslands, wetlands, environmental restoration, conservation, ecology, human settlements
Uncontrolled Keywords: land use history
Description: "The chapter of the Land Use History of North American (LUHNA) presents a regional land-use history of the Palouse bioregion of southeastern Washington and west-central Idaho. The objectives were to develop a history of European-American settlement and biological diversity in the region and use this history to understand how human activities have altered the land cover and ecological integrity of the Palouse bioregion. Available information on people, plants, animals, and physical resources over time was compiled and interpreted. A multiscale approach was imperative due to different spatial scales of key features, different data structures for social and ecological information, and different time scales and geographic coverage. Since 1870, 94% of the grasslands and 97% of the wetlands in the Palouse bioregion have been converted to crops, hay, or pasture. For a small (875-ha) but representative area examined in more detail, less than 1% that once supported grasslands or wetlands do so today. Most of the remaining small patches of grassland and riparian vegetation disappeared between 1940 and 1989. Today, some once common fauna and endemic flora survive only in small areas of grassland, shrub, and forest, and these remnants are threatened by weed invasion, herbicide drift, and introduced species. Social and ecological changes were episodic and related to eras of agricultural technology: European-American settlement (1870-1900), horse-powered agriculture (1901-30), industrial agriculture (1931-70), and suburbanization (1971-90). Understanding the biophysical changes that have occurred in this region provides a useful starting point for outlining future research needs, establishing conservation goals, and targeting ecological restoration efforts."
Publisher: United States Geological Survey, Land Use History of North America (LUHNA) Program
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Idaho, Washington

33. Biodiversity Conservation in the Context of Tropical Forest Management
Resource Identifier: http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/essd/essd.nsf/f308a5a687dbdec8852567eb00658cb7

/4b60eb64638ac2a185256968006de1ac/$FILE/ch1.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Francis E. Putz, Kent H. Redford, J. G. Robinson, Robert Fimbel, Geoffrey M. Blate
Subject: tropical forests, resource management, sustainable development, logging, silviculture, biodiversity, conservation, environmental impact, environmental restoration, ecosystem recovery, ecosystem management, genetic diversity, genetic resources
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural forest management
Description: This paper disaggregates the term " biodiversity " into components (landscapes, ecosystems, communities, species/populations, and genes) and attributes (structure, composition, and function). It then disaggregates " logging " by detailing the vast range of activities subsumed under the term including variation of logging intensities, logging methods, collateral damage, and silvicultural approaches. Using the richness present in both terms, a framework for considering the impacts of logging and other forest management activities on the various components and attributes of biodiversity is presented. This framework is, in turn, used to evaluate the extensive literature covering different studies of logging in tropical forests. This paper does not conclude with uncritical support for sustainable forest management of timber as a conservation strategy. Such an endorsement is unwarranted given widespread illegal logging in the tropics, widespread frontier logging and logging of areas of high priority for biodiversity protection, the persistence of poor logging practices despite substantial efforts in research and training, and the generally slow rate at which most loggers are transforming themselves from timber exploiters into forest managers. Rather the authors assert, from a biodiversity maintenance perspective, that natural forest management is preferable to virtually all land-use practices other than complete protection.
Publisher: The World Bank
Resource Type: Recommended Practices

34. Biodiversity Northwest
Resource Identifier: http://www.biodiversitynorthwest.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Biodiversity Northwest
Subject: biodiversity, ecology, old growth, forests, conservation, sustainable development, regeneration (ecosystems), logging, roads, environmental restoration, public policy, public awareness, outreach programs, political action, monitoring
Description: Biodiversity Northwest envisions a bioregion in which the long-term needs of ecological systems and the communities they support take priority over short-term economic considerations. The organization places a high priority on protecting the last of the old-growth forests on public lands. Preserving these reservoirs of biodiversity is critical to the health of the forests, the species that depend on them, and the people of our region. The organization also emphasizes repairing the damage caused by logging and roadbuilding as a means to restore ecosystems and revitalize rural economies. The methods used include public outreach and advocacy, policy analysis, coalition building, field visits and monitoring, timber sale comments and appeals, and -- when appropriate -- non-violent direct action.
Publisher: Biodiversity Northwest
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

35. Biological Status of Fish and Invertebrate Assemblages in a Breached-Dike

 Wetland Site at Spencer Island, Washington
Resource Identifier: http://www.fish.washington.edu/Publications/pdfs/9805.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: J. R. Cordell, H. Higgins, C. Tanner, AND J. K. Aitkin
Subject: embankments, wetlands, juveniles, salmon, status, surveys, populations, intertidal environments, brackish water, marshes, environmental restoration, zoo benthos, invertebrates, estuaries, insects
Description: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first postbreach sampling of juvenile salmon prey attributes at southern Spencer Island and an appropriate reference site, and to continue monitoring juvenile salmon access to the site. While the habitats associated with this site supported a variety of waterfowl and other wildlife, they had not been accessible to juvenile salmonids or other fishes since the early 1900s. Because tidal brackish and other marshes have been greatly decreased in the Snohomish River estuary and because they provide direct support for fish and wildlife and indirectly supply organic material into the estuary, Spencer Island was chosen as a pilot wetland restoration site under the Puget Sound Water Quality Management Plan by a partnership of federal, state, and local agencies.
Publisher: Fisheries Research Institute, School of Fisheries, University of Washington
Resource Type: Case Studies
State: Washington

36. Bird Conservation Planning in the Interior Low Plateaus
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/ford.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, spatial analysis, satellites, environmental restoration, nesting behavior, breeding, forestry, wetlands, biodiversity, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: interior low plateaus; bird conservation; breeding bird distribution; species assemblages; habitat requirements; mature hardwood; forest bird species; species assemblages; open lands; bird species; assemblage; breeding bird atlas block; habitat restoration; Geographic Information Systems; GAP Analysis; degraded habitats; nesting songbird management; breeding bird inventories; landscapes; vegetation maps; breeding bird distribution; mature hardwood forest birds; forest birds; old field birds; early successional species; open land species; cooperative management; atlas blocks; habitat management
Description: Research paper defines the Interior Low Plateaus (ILP) as a 12,000,000 ha physiographic province that includes middle Kentucky, middle Tennessee, and northern Alabama. Spatial analysis of Breeding Bird Atlas data has been used to determine relationships between the nature of high priority bird communities and broad features of the habitat. A standardized vegetation classification using satellite imagery, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), GAP Analysis, and Breeding Bird Atlas data, were used to develop landscape-level habitat models for the ILP. The objectives of this effort were to: (1) identify centers of abundance for species and/or species assemblages within the ILP, (2) identify and prioritize areas for potential acquisition and/or public-private partnerships for conservation, (3) identify areas with the highest potential for restoration of degraded habitats, (4) identify specific lands managed by project cooperators where integration of nesting songbird management is a high priority, and (5) identify areas that require more intensive breeding bird inventories. Sites have been prioritized by each of the above objectives, as well as by each state agency for effective implementation.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Management Plans, Internet Map Services, Site Conservation Plans

37. Birds in the Blue Mountains (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.partnersinflight.org/pubs/birdcons/14pg8.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: American Bird Conservancy
Subject: habitats, birds, riparian environments, environmental restoration, birds, migratory birds, grazing, logging, fires, disturbance, vegetation, forests, health
Uncontrolled Keywords: fire exclusion, mountain habitats, aspen, nesting success, neotropical migrants, breeding birds, population viability
Description: Information about the restoration of priority habitats in Oregon's Blue Mountains.
Publisher: American Bird Conservancy
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans
State: Oregon

38. Blackbird Mine Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.darcnw.noaa.gov/Bbird.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Marine Fisheries Service Restoration Center
Subject: mining, environmental restoration, fishes, hazardous materials, threatened species, population decline, water quality, financing, introduced species, spawning, rearing
Uncontrolled Keywords: habitat loss, steelhead, injured resources, livestock exclusion, Salmon river, Panther Creek watershed
Description: Information about the Blackbird Mine Restoration Project. This is an inactive mine site in the Panther creek watershed, a tributary of the Salmon River in east central Idaho. Loss of chinook salmon and steelhead habitat was the primary injury to the site. Goals are reintroduction of chinook salmon and in-kind habitat restoration (estimated cost $5.2 million).
Publisher: National Marine Fisheries Service Restoration Center
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: Idaho

39. Border Environmental Justice Campaign
Resource Identifier: http://www.environmentalhealth.org/border.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environmental Health Coalition, San Diego, California USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: education; environmental justice; environmental restoration; hazardous wastes; international cooperation; maquiladoras; Mexico, Tijuana; pollution prevention; public health; technology transfer; USA, California, Baja

40. Bridging the Worlds of Fire Managers and Researchers: Lessons and

Opportunities from the Wildland Fire Workshops
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/gtr599.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Seth M. White
Subject: fires, resource management, research, cooperation, interdisciplinary research, communication, technology transfer, environmental restoration, ecosystem management
Description: In March and April of 2003, over 250 managers, researchers, and other participants gathered for a series of workshops at Oregon State University, the University of Arizona, and Colorado State University, near the largest wildfires of 2002. In response to the need for better understanding of large fires, the Wildland Fire Workshops were designed to create an atmosphere for quality interactions between managers and researchers and to accomplish the following objectives: (1) create a prioritized list of recommendations for future wildland fire research, (2) identify the characteristics of effective partnerships, (3) identify types of effective information, tools, and processes, and (4) evaluate the workshops as a potential blueprint for similar workshops in other regions. Through a series of professionally facilitated workshops, participants worked toward speaking with one voice about many key issues. Although differences emerged among individuals, disciplines, and geographic locations, many common themes emerged. Participants suggested that research should be framed in the larger picture of fire ecology and ecosystem restoration, be interdisciplinary, be attentive to the effects of fire at different scales over the landscape and through time, and be focused on social issues. Effective partnerships occur when direct interaction takes place between people at multiple stages, adequate time is allowed for partnership building, partners are rewarded and held accountable for their roles, and when dedicated individuals are identified and cultivated. Participants identified effective information, tools, and processes as those that are adequately and consistently funded, user-friendly, interactive between people at multiple levels, and often championed by key, dedicated individuals. A survey of participants at the final meeting in Colorado revealed that the workshops did in fact create an atmosphere for positive interactions between managers and researchers, and that with some refinements, similar workshops could be carried out in other regions with productive results.
Publisher: Pacific Northwest Research Station, Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Recommended Practices, Proceedings

41. California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
Resource Identifier: http://www.fire.ca.gov/php/index.php
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
Subject: fires, forests, forestry, resource management, safety, watersheds, rangelands, environmental restoration, environmental assessment, education, planning, government programs
Description: The Department of Forestry and Fire Protection protects the people of California from fires, responds to emergencies, and protects and enhances forest, range, and watershed values providing social, economic, and environmental benefits to rural and urban citizens. Sections include: Fire and Emergency, Resource Management, State Fire Marshal, Board of Forestry, Fire and Restoration Assessment Program, Careers With CDF, Fire Safety Education, News Releases, California Fire Plan, CDF Newsletter.
Publisher: California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: California

42. California Ecological Restoration Projects Inventory (CERPI)
Resource Identifier: http://www.ice.ucdavis.edu/cerpi/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Watershed Assistance Teams, Department of Fish and Game, 1807 13th Street, Suite 104,Sacramento, CA 95814, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, California; environmental restoration; resource management; databases; nature conservation

43. California, Division of Bird Habitat Conservation
Resource Identifier: http://birdhabitat.fws.gov/nawca/projects/USprojects/CA.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Bird Habitat Conservation
Subject: birds, migratory birds, conservation, habitats, wetlands, financing, development projects, marshes, aquatic birds, winter, fishes, environmental management, wildlife, breeding, environmental restoration, riparian environments, population number, endangered species, nesting behavior, threatened species, grasslands, flood control
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pacific Flyway population, shore birds, neotropical songbirds, Arctic-nesting geese, wood ducks, raptors, neotropical migrants, wading birds, mosquitoes, agricultural habitats
Description: A listing of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, as authorized under the North American Wetlands Conservation Act, approved projects.
Publisher: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: California

44. CEDAR - California Economic Diversification & Revitalization
Resource Identifier: http://www.cedar.ca.gov/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: California State Library, Library and Courts Building I, Sacramento, CA, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, California; economics; military base closures; land use; environmental restoration; remediation; pollution clean-up

45. Center for Invasive Plant Management
Resource Identifier: http://www.weedcenter.org/
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: Center for Invasive Plant Management
Subject: Botany, Horticulture, Invasive plants, Weeds, Invasive species, Plants, Introduced plants, Introduced species, Environmental impact, Environmental restoration, Flora restoration, Biological control, Weed control, Biodiversity, Agricultural ecosystems, Agricultural practices, Cultivation techniques, Land improvement, Resource management, Ecosystem recovery
Uncontrolled Keywords: Weed management, Weed prevention
Description: The Center for Invasive Plant Management represents a coalition of agencies, organizations, and individuals interested in managing invasive plants and maintaining healthy ecosystems in western North America
Publisher: Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Federal Government Agencies (U.S), Recommended Practices, Journal Articles

46. Center for Plant Conservation
Resource Identifier: http://www.mobot.org/CPC/welcome.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Missouri Botanical Garden
Subject: botanical gardens, botany, conservation, biodiversity, rare species, endangered species, flora, flowers, plants, indigenous species, environmental restoration, weeds
Uncontrolled Keywords: seed banking, imperiled plants
Description: Home page for the Center for Plant Conservation whose mission is to conserve and restore the rare native plants of the United States. Links to endangered plant collections, educational tools, publications, a conservation directory and news briefs are available.
Publisher: Missouri Botanical Garden
Resource Type: Digital Photographs, Museum Collections, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Journal Articles

47. Center for Restoration Silviculture
Resource Identifier: http://fordcenter.mtu.edu/csi/new/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: School of Forest Resources & Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University
Subject: silviculture, silvicultural practices, environmental restoration, colleges and universities, research programs, trees, indigenous species, forests, regeneration (ecosystems)
Description: The Center for Restoration Silviculture was established to provide a vehicle for the design, development, and dissemination of innovative silvicultural systems for restoring underrepresented species on the landscape of the Great Lakes Region. These species include eastern white pine, eastern hemlock, and yellow birch, all of which have declined dramatically following the exploitive log practices and repeated slash fires, which typified the region around the turn of the century.
Publisher: School of Forest Resources & Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Michigan

48. Center for Transportation and the Environment
Resource Identifier: http://grail.cs.washington.edu/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: air quality control; ecosystem disturbance; emission inventories; environmental restoration; highways; runoff; water quality control; wetlands

49. Central Scotland Forest
Resource Identifier: http://www.csct.co.uk/index.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Central Scotland Forest Trust
Subject: forests, forestry, resource management, sustainable development, environmental restoration, community involvement, reforestation, recreation, silviculture, agroforestry
Description: The Central Scotland Forest Trust (CSFT) leads the partnership which is creating the Central Scotland Forest. Major activity areas include: - Establishing amenity, community and commercial woodlands on public and private land - Bringing neglected woodlands and shelterbelts into sustainable management - Constructing and repairing footpaths, cycleways and bridleways - Removing "eyesores" such as derelict buildings and fences - Landscaping highly visible transport corridors and business sites - loping the support and involvement of local communities - Restructuring existing landholdings into viable farm-forestry units - Creating, protecting, expanding and enhancing sites of natural, historic and cultural importance - Connecting to new initiatives such as health, education, biodiversity and social justice.
Publisher: Central Scotland Forest Trust
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Site Conservation Plans

50. Chesapeake Bay Program - Habitats - Forests
Resource Identifier: http://www.chesapeakebay.net/info/habitats.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Chesapeake Bay Program
Subject: forests, habitats, bays, ecosystems, watersheds, environmental restoration
Description: Today, the focus on the Chesapeake Bay is not just on the Bay itself, but on the relationships among living things and their environment that make up the Chesapeake ecosystem. Forests are an important part of the Chesapeake ecosystem. Covering almost 60 percent of the Bay's watershed, forests affect water and air quality and ultimately wildlife and people. Sections include: Background, Forest Structure, Benefits of Forests, Partners, Role of the U.S. Forest Service.
Publisher: Chesapeake Bay Program
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

51. CIFOR's Research Activities,
Resource Identifier: http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/research/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Subject: forests, forestry, research programs, international organizations, land use, sustainable development, conservation, economics, poverty, employment, public policy, biodiversity, watersheds, climatic change, invasive species, fires, environmental restoration, decisions, rural areas, urban environments, planning
Description: CIFOR's research structure has three main areas: - Environmental Services and Sustainable Use of Forests: ENV program will focus on biodiversity management, conservation of watershed functions, global change mitigation (climate change, invasive species, etc.), human-induced fires, rehabilitation of degraded forests, and how to produce forest goods and improve human well-being without compromising environmental services; - Governance: The Governance Programme focuses on the process of making and implementing decisions concerning how people manage forests and forested landscapes at scales larger than an individual household or enterprise; - Livelihoods: The Livelihoods Programme focuses on the contribution of forest resources, their management, use and trade to the livelihoods of the rural and urban poor.
Publisher: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Resource Type: Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

52. City of Los Angeles Brownfields Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.cityofla.org/EAD/labf/index.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, California, Los Angeles; urban areas; brownfields; socioeconomics; environmental restoration; development projects; remediation

53. Cliff Ecology Research Group
Resource Identifier: http://www.uoguelph.ca/botany/research/cerg/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Botany Department, University of Guelph
Subject: cliffs, escarpments, rocky environments, ecology, environmental restoration, population dynamics, forests, disturbance, research programs
Uncontrolled Keywords: alvars
Description: The Cliff Ecology Research Group is a group of scientists devoted to studying the ecology of cliffs, alvars and rock outcrops. Current research activities include: The Impact of Sport climbing on Cliff Flora, Potential for Restoration of Abandoned Quarry Floors as Alvars, The Influence of Resource Variability on Invasion and Dominance in Alvar Herb Communities, Long-Term Cedar Regeneration on Cliff Faces, The Niagara Escarpment Ancient Tree Atlas Project, Reconstruction of Paleoclimate using Tree Rings, The Urban Cliff Hypothesis.
Publisher: Botany Department, University of Guelph
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

54. Coastal Prairie (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/factshts/cstprair.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center
Subject: invasive species, introduced species, biodiversity, grasses, endangered species, controlled burning
Uncontrolled Keywords: coastal prairie; grasslands; fires; rainfall; environmental restoration; tallgrass prairie ecosystem
Description: Technical information about coastal prairie in Texas and Louisiana. Additional information about biodiversity, restoration efforts and controlling invasive species are included.
Publisher: National Wetlands Research Center
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Management Plans
State: Louisiana, Texas

55. Collaborative Approach for Reducing Wildland Fire Risks to Communities

and the Environment: 10-Year Comprehensive Strategy
Resource Identifier: http://www.fireplan.gov/reports/7-19-en.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Fire Plan
Subject: fires, forests, rangelands, planning, fire hazards, risk assessment, environmental restoration, cooperation, government programs, resource management
Uncontrolled Keywords: wildfire fuels
Description: This strategy reflects the views of a broad cross-section of governmental and nongovernmental stakeholders. It outlines a comprehensive approach to the management of wildland fire, hazardous fuels, and ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation on Federal and adjacent State, tribal, and private forest and range lands in the United States. This strategy emphasizes measures to reduce the risk to communities and the environment and provides an effective framework for collaboration to accomplish this.
Publisher: National Fire Plan
Resource Type: Management Plans

56. Collaborative Approach for Reducing Wildland Fire Risks to Communities and the

Environment: 10-Year Comprehensive Strategy - Implementation Plan
Resource Identifier: http://www.fireplan.gov/reports/11-23-en.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Fire Plan
Subject: fires, forests, rangelands, planning, fire hazards, risk assessment, environmental restoration, cooperation, government programs, resource management
Uncontrolled Keywords: wildfire fuels
Description: The 10-Year Comprehensive Strategy and Implementation Plan are needed to protect firefighters, citizens, communities, forests and rangelands from the undesired effects of wildland fire. By endorsing the goals, actions, guiding principles, performance measures and implementation tasks outlined in these documents, the Secretaries, Governors, Tribes, local officials and other endorsers reemphasize a unified national commitment to reduce the risks of wildland fire across the landscape. They also recognize the need to cooperate with all affected landowners and within all relevant jurisdictions using a proactive, results-oriented and community-based approach. The Collaborative Framework established in the 10-Year Comprehensive Strategy and further explained in the Implementation Plan will improve cooperation and communication among all parties at national, regional, and local levels, acknowledging that key project planning decisions should be made after collaboration at the local level. It also establishes responsibility among all parties at all levels for planning, prioritizing and accomplishing the tasks and related activities needed to achieve results in a timely and cost-effective manner consistent with changing conditions and relevant science. The 10-Year Strategy and its Implementation Plan reflect the views of a broad cross-section of governmental and nongovernmental interests. The endorsers of this Implementation Plan recognize that a problem a century in the making will not be solved overnight. With progress in achieving objectives in the collaborative manner envisioned, the risks to our communities and environment posed by wildland fire will be significantly diminished over time.
Publisher: National Fire Plan
Resource Type: Management Plans

57. Comments on the Palco Hcp/Syp and Eis/Eir with Regard to the Maintenance of

Riparian, Aquatic, and Late Seral Ecosystems and their Associated Amphibian and Reptile Species
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rsl/projects/wild/welsh/plhcp/plhcp.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Hartwell H. Welsh, Jr., Amy J. Lind, Lisa M. Ollivier, Garth R. Hodgson, Nancy E. Karraker
Subject: forests, riparian environments, conservation, environmental impact statements, planning, disturbance, streams, sediments, aquatic ecosystems, research, geomorphology, hydrology, biotic factors, amphibians, reptiles, logging, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: redwoods, Pacific Lumber Company, late-seral ecosystems, PALCO, habitat conservation plans
Description: Although scientists from many disciplines have conducted research in the redwood forest region, there are few comprehensive interdisciplinary studies (but see Ziemer 1998) and no region-wide overview or synthesis of the unique nature of aquatic systems in the redwood ecoregion has been published. Fortunately, however, a large body of applicable science exists on riparian and aquatic systems and the relationships between geomorphological, hydrologic, and biotic processes in the Pacific Northwest, with many of these studies inclusive of the redwood ecoregion (e.g., Meehan 1991, Spence et al. 1996, National Research Council 1996, Stouder et al. 1997). Collectively these studies agree that "...the retention, restoration, and protection of aquatic and riparian processes and landforms that contribute habitat elements to streams and promote good habitat conditions for fish and other aquatic and riparian-dependent organisms..." (Sedell et al. 1994) are essential to maintaining healthy populations of these resources across the landscape in perpetuity. In light of this science, we examine the validity of the conclusions and proposals presented by Pacific Lumber Company (PALCO) for managing riparian and aquatic resources in their habitat conservation plans (HCP/SYP) and the associated environmental impact statement (EIS/EIR) prepared by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service. We also comment on the issue of late-seral forest habitat, and the implications of herbicide use, as proposed in the HCP/SYP and in the EIS/EIR. Our approach here is to first discuss in some detail, based on scientific literature, what comprises a healthy, functioning riparian/aquatic ecosystem in the Pacific Northwest ecoregion. We have done this to provide the appropriate frame of reference against which to measure proposed management actions. This perspective is also critical to understanding the ecological and evolutionary context within which the species addressed in the HCP/SYP and EIS/EIR have evolved over the millennia. Without this understanding of their place within the ecosystem, there can be little hope of designing effective strategies to maintain these species on the landscape. Here we make reference to critical riparian and aquatic processes, and the spatial and temporal dynamics within which they operate. We then briefly describe the documented effects of logging on these processes and dynamics. In this context we address how well both the California Department of Forestry (CDF) Forest Practice Rules and the modifications to those rules, as proposed in the HCP/SYP, currently address or may ameliorate those effects, and whether or not these rules or proposals serve to maintain a healthy, functioning riparian/aquatic ecosystem. We then provide a review of the HCP/SYP species conservation plans for five riparian and/or aquatic amphibian and reptile species, and analyze the probable effects of the HCP/SYP, and the various EIS/EIR alternatives. Concurrently, we offer some suggestions on how viable populations of these species might best be maintained on the PALCO landscape.
Publisher: Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, United State Department of Agriculture
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans, Recommended Practices, Unpublished Documents

58. Comparison of the South Florida Natural System Model with Pre-canal Everglades

Hydrology Estimated from Historical Sources
Resource Identifier: http://sflwww.er.usgs.gov/projects/syst_model/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Geological Survey
Subject: hydrology, wetlands, environmental impact, civil engineering, aquatic plants, ecosystem disturbance, landscape, environmental restoration, vegetation, evapotranspiration, topography, algorithms, water depth, soils
Uncontrolled Keywords: everglades, hydropatterns, pre-canal drainage conditions
Description: Links to the abstracts and factsheets for the comparison of the South Florida natural system model with pre-canal everglades hydrology estimated from historical sources projects.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Issue Overviews
State: Florida

59. Conservation Alternative for the Management of the Four Southern California

National Forests (Los Padres, Angeles, San Bernadino, Cleveland)
Resource Identifier: http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/swcbd/Programs/forests/4fdoc/con-alt.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Center for Biological Diversity
Subject: conservation, forests, forestry, management, biodiversity, watersheds, rivers, ecosystems, recreation, education, planning, riparian environments, endangered species, aquatic ecosystems, habitats, litigation, environmental restoration, economics, land use, protected areas
Uncontrolled Keywords: national forests
Description: The most recent management plans for these National Forests date back to the mid to late 1980s and are riddled with weak and ambiguous standards and guidelines that resulted in inconsistent management among the four Forests. The plans also failed to emphasize riparian protection, despite the fact that a large number of the threatened, endangered, and sensitive species found in the Forests depend upon riparian and aquatic habitats for all or part of their life cycles. As a result of a 1998 lawsuit requiring the Forest Service to begin updating its forest management plans by 2002, the Forest Service has the opportunity to design a blueprint for managing, restoring, and protecting the ecological integrity of these Forests for some of the country's most diver and dynamic ecological and cultural communities. Numerous national, state, and local environmental organizations, scientists, and technical experts throughout California have teamed up to develop a visionary plan for the future of these irreplaceable landscapes and their biological richness. This plan is provided to the Forest Service and the public at large with the aim of ensuring that these Forests are truly protected for the highest public interest and future generations. This plan addresses management related to: ecosystem functions and processes, biological diversity, land designations, recreational and educational opportunities, economic activities, and approach.
Publisher: Center for Biological Diversity
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans
State: California

60. Conservation Planning and Monitoring Avian Habitat
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/twedtloesch.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, migratory birds, conservation, monitoring, remote sensing, wildlife, distribution, demography, winter, environmental restoration, wetlands, reforestation
Uncontrolled Keywords: conservation plans; habitat objectives; population goals; geographic information systems; avian habitats; management units; public land; private land; habitat restoration
Description: Migratory bird conservation plans should not only develop population goals, they also should establish attainable objectives for optimizing avian habitats. Meeting population goals is of paramount importance, but progress toward established habitat objectives can generally be monitored more easily than can progress toward population goals. Additionally, local or regional habitat objectives can be attained regardless of perturbations to avian populations that occur outside the geographic area covered by conservation plans. Assessments of current avian habitats, obtained from remotely sensed data, and the historical distribution of habitats should be used in establishing habitat objectives. Habitat planning and monitoring are best conducted using a geographic information system. Habitat objectives are assigned to three categories: maintaining existing habitat, restoring habitat, and creating new or alternative habitat. Progress toward meeting habitat objectives can be monitored through geographic information systems by incorporating georeferenced information on public lands, private lands under conservation easements, corporate lands under prescribed management, habitat restoration areas, and private lands under alternative management to enhance wildlife values. We recommend that the area and distribution of habitats within the area covered by conservation plans be reassessed from remotely sensed imagery at intervals appropriate to detect predicted habitat changes.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Management Plans, Recommended Practices, Site Conservation Plans

61. Conservation Value: Focal Species and Connectivity in California's North Coast
Resource Identifier: http://gis.esri.com/library/userconf/proc02/pap0914/p0914.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: ESRI, Robert Brothers, Chris Trudel, Curtice Jacoby
Subject: conservation, biodiversity, environmental restoration, forests, habitats, environmental protection, fishes, salmon, watersheds, endangered species, threatened species, protected areas, weather, grazing, dams, urbanization, pollution, mining, estuaries, introduced species, hatcheries, fishes, human impact, rare species, freshwater environments, streams, land ownership, road construction, erosion
Uncontrolled Keywords: overharvesting, indicator species; ecological threats; geographic information systems; modeling , land management, timber harvesting, riparian habitats, aquatic habitats, water projects, channelization, habitat degradation, fire suppression, sustainable forestry, watershed restoration, conifer trees, roadless areas
Description: The Pacific Fisher, a rare small carnivore, was used as an indicator species for the mature forest habitat that once dominated this 5.5 million acre region. Seven basic factors were used to prioritize land for the conservation of biodiversity. The largest concentrations of high value areas are recommended as "Core Conservation Areas" for the protection and restoration of the Fisher and other species dependent on mature forests, including aquatic species such as salmon. Connectivity between these areas was then assessed using information about distance from roads and human population. The result is a map of places that will be most important to protect if biodiversity in this region is to be maintained and restored.
Publisher: ESRI
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Internet Map Services
State: California

62. Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology
Resource Identifier: http://www.catchment.crc.org.au/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology, Monash University
Subject: models, decision support systems, catchment areas, hydrology, resource allocation, water management, environmental impact, clear cutting, rivers, climate effects, urban runoff, water table, sediment transport, nutrients, erosion, stream flow, water pollution, floods, salinity, environmental restoration
Description: The CRC for Catchment Hydrology aims to deliver the capability to manage catchments in a totally new way. The central goal is to produce a decision support system able to predict the movement of water, particulates, and solutes from land to rivers, linking the impact of climate variability, vegetation, soil, and water management together in an integrated package. For catchment and water managers, this system will enable them to fully evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of policy decisions at regional scales. The issues to be addressed by the CRC’s research program are: * water allocation (sustainable allocation of war resources and more efficient water use) * land-use impacts on rivers (addressing the consequences of land clearing in the historical past)* climate variability (the potential to reduce hydrologic risk) * urban runoff quality (the opportunity to improve city rivers and bays) * river restoration (to halt and reverse the degradation of streams and waterways).
Publisher: Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology, Monash University
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Tools and Software

63. Coordinating Group on Alien Pest Species (CGAPS)
Resource Identifier: http://www.hear.org/cgaps/
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)
Subject: Botany, Horticulture, Invasive plants, Weeds, Invasive species, Plants, Introduced plants, Introduced species, Invasive animals, Pests, Environmental impact, Environmental restoration, Flora restoration, Biological control, Land improvement, Resource conservation, Resource management, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental protection, Organizations, Committees, State government agencies, State programs
Description: CGAPS is a multi-agency partnership to coordinate more effective protection for Hawaii's economy, environment, health, and way of life from harmful alien pests.
Publisher: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles, Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Internet Map Services, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Journal Articles
State: Hawaii

64. Coral Reef
Resource Identifier: http://www.coralreef.noaa.gov/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: NOAA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: coral reefs, ecosystem management, environmental restoration, environmental protection, coastal zone management, coral bleaching, conservation, environmental monitoring, fishery management, fishes
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecological crisis; living resources; fishery resources
Description: Home page of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Coral Reef Conservation Program supports effective management and sound science to preserve, sustain and restore valuable coral reef ecosystems.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Management Plans

65. Coral Reefs:Fertile Gardens of the Sea
Resource Identifier: http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/biodiv/coral.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of State International Information Programs
Subject: coral reefs, life history, predation, marine environments, photosynthesis, coloration, human impact, oceanography, global warming, ocean temperature, diseases, fishes, fishery industry, biodiversity, environmental restoration, water quality, government programs, conservation, zooxanthellae, coral bleaching, limestone
Uncontrolled Keywords: polyps, calcium carbonate
Description: Life history, morphology and conservation programs for coral reefs.
Publisher: United States Department of State
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

66. Cosumnes Research Group
Resource Identifier: http://watershed.ucdavis.edu/crg/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cosumnes Research Group, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616,USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: watersheds; research programs; rivers; USA, California; nature conservation; environmental restoration; ecosystems

67. Creating Herbaceous Woodland Openings to Improve Wildlife Habitat
Resource Identifier: http://state.vipnet.org/dof/mgt/wildlife/woodland-openings.shtml
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Virginia Department of Forestry
Subject: birds, wildlife, plants, insects, seeds, habitats, environmental restoration, wildflowers, forests, management, nesting behavior
Uncontrolled Keywords: herbaceous woodland; herbaceous plants; annual variations; game birds ; plantings; mowing, clearing; daylighting; timber stands; herbaceous openings; disking; seeding
Description: Website highlights the benefits of one of the best wildlife habitat improvements within, or adjacent to large tracts of woodland as the establishment and maintenance of openings with herbaceous growth. Details about the addition and maintenance of herbaceous plants, daylighting, clearing, seeds, annuals, perennials and mowing are included.
Publisher: Virginia Department of Forestry
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

68. Densities of Wading Birds on the Floodplain (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.sfwmd.gov/org/erd/krr/krrep/expectations/4_exp31.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: South Florida Water Management District Headquarters
Subject: wetlands, aquatic birds, environmental restoration, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: wading birds; floodplains; aerial surveys, habitat quality, habitat use, wading bird density, foraging habitats
Description: Report outlines research methods and conditions used to achieve the expectation of having a significant increase in the use of floodplain wetlands by wading bird species.
Publisher: South Florida Water Management District Headquarters
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans
State: Florida

69. Department of Fisheries and Wildlife - Oregon State University
Resource Identifier: http://osu.orst.edu/dept/fish_wild/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University
Subject: colleges and universities, education, research programs, fisheries, wildlife, conservation, sustainable development, environmental restoration, public awareness
Description: Faculty and students in the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife acquire, integrate, and disseminate knowledge about fish and wildlife at all levels of biological organization. We focus on resource systems influenced by human activities. Our goal is to provide people with the knowledge needed to make wise decisions on issues of conservation, sustainable use, and ecosystem restoration. We accomplish this through a combination of undergraduate and graduate education, scholarly research, extension education, and public outreach.
Publisher: Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Oregon

70. Department of Natural Resource Sciences
Resource Identifier: http://www.natural-resources.wsu.edu/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University
Subject: colleges and universities, research programs, education, natural resources, conservation, forestry, wildlife, ecology, environmental restoration, landscape
Description: The Department of Natural Resources is dedicated to advancing natural resource conservation, research, and education in the United States and around the world through its international programs. The Department offers interdisciplinary degree programs in natural resources, forestry, wildlife ecology, and supporting specialties such as conservation biology, and landscape and restoration ecology. The Department has outstanding, education and hands-on research facilities right on its large campus, including facilities in the Wildlife Habitat Nutrition Laboratory, the Steffen Center Research Facility, The Bear Research, Education and Conservation Center, Colockum Multiple-Use Research Unit, and other greenhouse and outdoor ecological laboratories.
Publisher: Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

71. Department of Natural Resource Sciences - Washington State University
Resource Identifier: http://www.natural-resources.wsu.edu/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University
Subject: colleges and universities, education, research programs, natural resources, conservation, ecology, ecosystem recovery, environmental restoration, forestry, wildlife
Description: The Department of Natural Resource Sciences at Washington State University is dedicated to advancing natural resource conservation, research, and education in the United States and around the world through international programs. The Department offers interdisciplinary degree programs in natural resources, forestry, wildlife ecology, and supporting specialties such as conservation biology, and landscape & restoration ecology.
Publisher: Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

72. Development and Evaluation of Ecosystem Indicators for Urbanizing MidwesternWatersheds
Resource Identifier: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.

abstractDetail/abstract/13/report/F
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Center For Environmental Research, United States Environmental Protection Agency
Subject: ecosystems, watersheds, urbanization, freshwater environments, insects, fishes, land use, water quality, models, research, biota, pollution, geographic information systems, nutrients, biodiversity, environmental restoration, biomass
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecosystem indicators; evaluations; runoff; small streams; habitat disturbance, habitat degradation, hydrologic changes, aquatic resources, macroinvertebrate communities, L-THIA model , runoff volume, channel instability, stream periphyton, mussels
Description: This web page provides a summary of accomplishments for the research project with the objectives of: 1. Quantify the impacts of urbanization on hydrologic regimes, water quality, and habitat structure of stream ecosystems using paired experimental watersheds, and to develop linked models that accurately predict these impacts. 2. Use the linked models as a virtual laboratory within which to generate and test indicators of urbanization and hydrologic change in terms of responses of fish and macroinvertebrate communities. 3. Use these models and indicators to assess the response of stream communities to alternative urbanization scenarios with extension to larger watersheds in the region. The research examined eight 3rd order watersheds in central Indiana. Seven are in the greater Indianapolis area (Marion County) and one is located near Purdue University (Tippecanoe County). Additional streams also were used for particular aspects of the project.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency
Resource Type: Case Studies
State: Indiana

73. Development of Management Objectives for Breeding Birds in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/mueller.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, forestry, conservation, models, feeding behavior, breeding, reforestation, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: breeding birds; winter habitat; habitat objectives; bird conservation plans; model conservation plan; species priorities; meta-population goals; habitat quantity; forest patch size; target forest patch; habitat protection ; hardwood forests; adaptive management; Geographic Information System; breeding densities; breeding pairs
Description: Research study where a six-step process was used to set habitat objectives and population goals for breeding birds in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. Specifically, we used existing empirical studies and mathematically derived viable population estimates to define habitat objectives and population goals for bottomland hardwood forest, the most important habitat type in this physiographic area. Although habitat objectives must address both quality and quantity, we concentrate here on the size and number of forest patches in this highly fragmented landscape. To support source populations of all forest breeding birds we recommend the protection/restoration of 52 forest patches that are 4,000-8,000 ha in size, 36 patches of 8,000-40,000 ha, and 13 patches greater than 40,000 ha. Although every physiographic area is unique, the methodology applied here should be applicable in other situations.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Management Plans, Internet Map Services

74. Division of Forest Science - Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management
Resource Identifier: http://cnr.berkeley.edu/espm/divisions/fs.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Division of Forest Science, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley
Subject: education, colleges and universities, research programs, outreach programs, forests, forestry, ecosystems, resource management, silviculture, watersheds, fires, genetics, models, wood, forest products, environmental health, environmental restoration
Description: The mission of the Forest Science Division is to advance the understanding of the management of forest ecosystems. This mission is accomplished through interrelated programs of education, research, and outreach. Our undergraduate major in forestry and our training of graduate students focuses on the application of social, physical, biological, and managerial knowledge to the management of forest resources. The research programs of the faculty of the Division of Forest Science is applied to furthering the understanding of management of forest resources. The primary areas of research the Division addressed are in the fields of silviculture, fire management, watershed management, forest genetics, systems modeling, forest inventory, wood utilization, forest health, and urban forestry. The outreach program will focus on the areas of timber management, watershed management, restoration management, fire management, and wood in service. The Forest Science Division has close ties with the Forest Products Laboratory, which extends our capacity for teaching, research, and outreach in the area of wood science and utilization. The mission of the division is also assisted by faculty in the Divisions of Ecosystem Sciences, Insect Biology, and Resources Institutions, Policy, and Management. Various faculty from these divisions participate in the teaching of courses required in the forestry major, pursue both basic and applied research that is relevant to the management of forest ecosystems, and assist in our outreach programs.
Publisher: Division of Forest Science, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: California

75. Ecological Restoration and Rehabilitation
Resource Identifier: http://www.wri.org/biodiv/ecorest.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: World Resources Institute, 10 G Street, NE (Suite 800), Washington, DC 20002,USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecological restoration; ecological rehabilitation; resource management; environmental conditions; biological diversity; degradation; development projects; communities; ecosystems

76. Ecological Restoration of Degraded Watershed on the Upper Reaches

 of the Minjiang River; Integration of Qiang Ethno-Botanical Knowledge

and Practices into a Reforestation Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.unesco.org/most/bpik15.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Management of Social Transformations Programme, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Subject: indigenous knowledge, environmental restoration, watersheds, ethnobotany, reforestation, deforestation, population growth, biodiversity, forestry, water management, trees, vegetation, soil erosion, indigenous species, agroforestry, medicinal plants, planting, harvesting, economics, cash crops
Uncontrolled Keywords: water runoff, cultivation, Qiang ethnobotany, habitat degradation, ecological restoration, economic sustainability, environmental sustainability, alternating bands
Description: A summary of the ecological restoration of degraded watershed on the upper reaches of the Minjiang River, Integration of Qiang ethno-botanical knowledge and practices into a reforestation project. A project description, indigenous aspects, themes, strengths, weaknesses, sustainability information, stakeholders and beneficiaries, and funding information are included.
Publisher: Management of Social Transformations Programme, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Resource Type: Case Studies, Site Conservation Plans

77. Ecological Society of America Home Page
Resource Identifier: http://esa.sdsc.edu/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Ecological Society of America, 2010 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecological restoration; sustainability; ecology; conservation; ecosystem management; biodiversity; habitat destruction; resource management; population dynamics; scientific society; USA

78. Ecological Society of Australia
Resource Identifier: http://life.csu.edu.au/esa/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Charles Sturt University, New South Wales, Australia
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecological restoration; sustainability; ecology; ecophysiology; ecosystem management; biodiversity; habitat destruction; resource management; population dynamics; scientific society; Australia

79. Ecoregions - Pacific Northwest
Resource Identifier: http://www.sierraclub.org/ecoregions/pacnw.asp
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Sierra Club
Subject: conservation, planning, salmon, forests, old growth, watersheds, ecosystems, habitats, rivers, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecoregions
Description: Region by region, the Sierra Club is developing multifaceted plans for every major land and water system in the United States and Canada. Tailored to the particular needs of each ecosystem, these 21 regional plans will help achieve a global vision: to restore the ecological health of the planet through concrete local action. This site describes the Pacific Northwest ecoregion. The Sierra Club hopes to ensure the future of the Rockies' wildlands by placing them in the National Wilderness Preservation System. Also, the Club is working to establish a new form of permanent protection for all remaining ancient forests -- and for other undisturbed habitat. For salmon's sake, the Club is calling for restoration and protection of watersheds and more natural river flows from dams.
Publisher: Sierra Club
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

80. Ecosystem Restoration and Management: Scientific Principles and Concepts
Resource Identifier: http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/misc/misc_covington.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Wallace Covington, William A. Niering, Ed Starkey, Joan Walker
Subject: ecosystems, ecosystem management, conservation, environmental restoration, ecology, ecological evaluation, forests, salt marshes, fires
Description: This paper summarizes current thinking regarding ecological restoration from an ecosystem management point of view. The intended audience is natural resource professionals, natural resource interest groups, and interested members of the public. Ecological restoration concepts are discussed in the context of three ecological restoration efforts with which the authors have been involved and which are particularly important to contemporary public land management: ponderosa pine ecosystems, forest ecosystems of the Western Hemlock Zone of the Pacific Northwest, and tidal wetlands of the Northeast. In discussing these examples the emphasis is on scientific principles and concepts fundamental to ecological restoration. The paper closes with a discussion of ecological restoration and human habitat needs.
Publisher: Southern Research Station, Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Resource Type: Case Studies, Recommended Practices

81. Ed Heske's Research Projects
Resource Identifier: http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/~e-heske/e-heskeproj.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject: mammals, birds, monitoring, environmental restoration, endangered species, predators, nests, distribution, forests, agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords: floodplains; Franklin's Ground Squirrel; landscape effects; habitat fragmentation; chipmunks; phylogeography , species abundance, spatial patterns, temporal patterns
Description: Listing of research projects.
Publisher: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Resource Type: Case Studies
State: Illinois

82. Effects of Management Practices on Grassland Birds
Resource Identifier: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/grasbird/grasbird.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, United States Geological Survey
Subject: birds, aquatic birds, grasslands, wetlands, wildlife, population growth, habitats, management, breeding sites, environmental impact, environmental restoration, predators, brood care, breeding seasons, site fidelity, phenology
Uncontrolled Keywords: conservation reserve program, grassland birds, wetland birds, North American Waterfowl Management Plan, Prairie Pothole Joint Venture
Description: These reports are a series of literature syntheses on North American grassland birds. The need for these reports was identified by the Prairie Pothole Joint Venture (PPJV), a part of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan. The PPJV adopted the goal to stabilize or increase populations of declining grassland- and wetland-associated wildlife species in the Prairie Pothole Region. To further that objective, it is essential to understand the habitat needs of birds other than waterfowl, and how management practices affect their habitats. The focus of these reports is on management of breeding habitat, particularly in the northern Great Plains.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans

83. El Eden Ecological Reserve
Resource Identifier: http://maya.ucr.edu/pril/el_eden/Home.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California at Riverside
Subject: nature reserves, biodiversity, protected areas, conservation, management, environmental restoration, ecology, archeology
Uncontrolled Keywords: agroecology, chemical diversity
Description: Home on the Web for the El Eden Ecological Reserve. Here you can learn about research projects in progress at the reserve, available facilities, and details of the different habitats of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Publisher: University of California at Riverside
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Digital Photographs, Management Plans, Journal Articles

84. Endangered Species Protection in Canada: An Overview
Resource Identifier: http://www.nextcity.com/EnvironmentProbe/pubs/ev539.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Robert Rishikof
Subject: wildlife, birds, mammals, reptiles, endangered species, habitats, conservation, migratory birds, legislation, environmental protection, nesting behavior, fishing, hunting, environmental restoration, special status species, threatened species, extinct species, amphibians, fishes, mollusks, plants, lichens, invasive species
Uncontrolled Keywords: Migratory Birds Convention Act; Fisheries Act; penalties, Endangered Species Protection Act , recovery plans, human disturbance, federal protection, extirpated species
Description: An overview of endangered species protection in Canada. Highlights of recovery plans, current provincial protection, federal protection, environmental legislation, enforcement of laws and the proposed Canada Endangered Species Protection Act are included.
Publisher: NEXT CITY
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

85. Endangered Species/Wildlife Income Tax Check-Off Fund
Resource Identifier: http://dep.state.ct.us/cgnhs/nddb/checkoff.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Subject: financing, environmental restoration, endangered species, threatened species, wildlife, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, plants, invertebrates, fishes, education, recreation, environmental protection, government agencies, conservation, management, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wildlife Fund; botanical field surveys; historic populations; Natural Area Preserves; income taxpayers
Description: Listing of projects that have been funded in the areas of habitat restoration, inventory, monitoring and education. The following projects are some that have been totally or partially funded by the State of Connecticut "Endangered Species/Wildlife Income Tax Check-off Fund".
Publisher: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Resource Type: Checklists and Identification Guides, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices
State: Connecticut

86. Estuarine Research Federation Newsletters
Resource Identifier: http://erf.org/newsletter/newsletter.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Estuarine Research Federation
Subject: estuaries, rivers, water quality, environmental restoration, environmental quality, water pollution, aquatic environments, human impact, coastal waters, management
Description: Links to highlights of the organization's newsletters.
Publisher: Estuarine Research Federation
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles

87. Extent and condition of U.S. Coral Reefs
Resource Identifier: http://state-of-coast.noaa.gov/bulletins/html/crf_08/crf.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: NOAA, National Ocean Service
Subject: populations, population density, population growth, geographical distribution, fishes, fishing, natural resources, ecology, coral reefs, harvesting, aquaculture practices, fishery industry, fishery management, ecosystems, marine environments, economics, chemicals, contaminants, coastal waters, algal blooms, oxygen depletion, sediments, estuarine environments, eutrophic environments, environmental restoration, environmental protection, oil spills, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: reef resource management; coastal ecosystem; reef fisheries; environmental quality; human activities ; natural hazards
Description: On November 9, 2001, NOAA retired its State of the Coast Project Web site after 45 months on-line. Launched in February 1998 in response to then Vice President Gore's challenge that Federal agencies develop a "report card" on the state of the Nation's environment, the project produced 17 essays on a variety of coastal topics, three CD-ROMs, and a short video featuring former members and associates of the Stratton Commission. The essays remain available here as PDF files. The CD-ROMs and video are no longer available. The essays were organized in a pressure, state and response framework. The "state" of the environment, the centerpiece of the framework, focuses on conditions of environmental systems. Conditions result from a combination of human-induced pressures on the environment and societal responses to environmental degradation. The essays are factual presentations, inferences are minimal and are presented within this website.
Publisher: NOAA, National Ocean Service
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

88. Failure of the Northwest Forest Plan to Protect and Restore the Region
Resource Identifier: http://www.wildcalifornia.org/projects/natlforest/reports/failure.doc
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environmental Protection Information Center
Subject: forests, planning, government programs, performance assessment, evaluation, resource management, environmental protection, environmental restoration, logging, habitat improvement, old growth, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: Northwest Forest Plan
Description: Six years after adoption of the Northwest Forest Plan, federal agencies charged with protecting public lands continue to log ancient forests at an alarming rate, threatening the continued existence of several plant, fish, and wildlife species. Logging still drives the process despite new rules and rhetoric. Timber harvest objectives, combined with counterproductive incentive and reward systems, obstruct, impede, and directly conflict with habitat protection and restoration objectives. Discretionary language and loopholes in the Plan are being exploited, and safeguards for streams, salmon, drinking water, wildlife, and ancient forests are often ignored. Mitigation measures promised in the Plan are not being consistently implemented, survey and monitoring requirements have been delayed or are not being met, ecologically sensitive areas are not being protected, and watershed restoration is not adequately funded or effectively conducted. Because of these and other reasons, the NWFP has fallen far short of its goal to adequately protect and restore the region. Sections in this document are: background, description of the plan, problems with the plan, and recommendations to improve the plan.
Publisher: Environmental Protection Information Center
Resource Type: Management Plans

89. Fire - Research on Endangered Species and Habitats in South Okanagan - Similkameen
Resource Identifier: http://faculty.forestry.ubc.ca/krannitz/fire.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Pam Krannitz
Subject: fires, resource management, forests, conifers, grasslands, density, semiarid environments, environmental restoration, research
Description: Fire plays a large role in both grassland and forested ecosystems. It can affect plant species composition and abundance in grasslands and may prevent tree encroachment. Tree encroachment is the establishment of new trees on grassland areas and increasing tree density in forested areas. Dr. Krannitz and her team have conducted research on tree encroachment and the effects of fire within grassland and open Ponderosa Pine forest ecosystems. Research topics include: - Conifer Density Increases in Semi-desert Habitats of British Columbia in the Absence of Fire - Fire as a Restoration Tool in the South Okanagan Shrub-Steppe
Publisher: Forest Sciences Department, University of British Columbia, Canada
Resource Type: Journal Articles

90. Fire and Fire Surrogate Treatments for Ecosystem Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/ffs/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Joint Fire Science Program
Subject: fires, environmental restoration, ecosystem management, controlled burning, thinning, forests, resource management, hazard assessment, evaluation, research programs
Uncontrolled Keywords: wildfire fuels, fire surrogates
Description: The Forest Service seeks to reduce fire hazard and restore historic forest conditions by increasing the area treated by mechanical and prescribed fire treatments to 3,000,000 acres per year in fire-dependent ecosystems by the year 2005. National Park Service plans also call for acceleration of fuel treatments. Thus the reality of large increases in the use of restorative management practices is clear. Less clear, however, is the appropriate balance among silvicultural cuttings, mechanical fuel treatments, and prescribed fire. Economics and practicability in light of current stand and landscape conditions are also important considerations that often affect a managers' decisions about which tools to use. To achieve goals for ecosystem integrity and sustainability, we need better information about economics and ecological tradeoffs of alternative restoration practices. The frequent, low- to moderate-severity fires that characterized presettlement disturbance regimes in many of our forests affected not only overall forest structure, composition, and fuel levels, but also a wide range of other ecosystem components and processes. What components or processes are changed or lost, and with what effects, if fire "surrogates" such as cuttings and mechanical fuel treatments are used instead of fire, or in combination with fire? The Fire and Fire Surrogates study hopes to answer that question.
Publisher: Forest Service, United State Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Recommended Practices

91. Fire and Fire Surrogates National Study - Mission Creek Site, Okanogan

and Wenatchee National Forests
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/ffs/docs/studyplans2001/missionck.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: James K. Agee, Robert L. Edmonds, William L. Gaines, Richy J. Harrod, Paul F. Hessburg, J. F. Lehmkuhl, Darlene Zabowski
Subject: fires, thinning, controlled burning, resource management, research programs, environmental restoration, ecosystem management, ecosystem assessment, vegetation, understory, environmental impact, soils, biodiversity, insects, diseases, wildlife, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: fire surrogates, wildfire fuels, national forests
Description: This is one of the twelve study sites for the Fire and Fire Surrogate Treatments study. This study into the various impacts of fuels treatments contains the divisions of: vegetations,
Publisher: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Case Studies, Recommended Practices
State: Washington

92. Fire and Fuel in a Sierra Nevada Ecosystem
Resource Identifier: http://biology.usgs.gov/s+t/SNT/noframe/ca163.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Jan W. van Wagtendonk
Subject: fires, ecosystems, environmental restoration, ecosystem management
Uncontrolled Keywords: prescribed fires, fire suppression, wildfire fuels
Description: If natural conditions and processes are to be restored and perpetuated in the Sierra Nevada, fire must be reintroduced. In large wilderness areas and parks, naturally occurring lightning fires should be allowed to burn under prescribed conditions. Where this is not possible because the area is too small or because other human factors (such as the presence of human dwellings, timber harvest areas, and so forth) preclude the implementation of a program to monitor wildland fires, surrogates for fire must be found. Prescribed burns, mechanical manipulation, and artificial cutting are possible options. In any case, it is important that naturally managed ecosystems not be denied ecologically significant processes such as fire.
Publisher: Biological Resources Division, United State Biological Survey
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices, Journal Articles

93. Fire Ecology in the Southeastern United States
Resource Identifier: http://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/factshts/018-00.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Wetlands Research Center
Subject: fires, ecology, resource management, research programs, government programs, controlled burning, ecosystem recovery, environmental restoration, savannahs, wetlands, models, remote sensing, satellite sensing
Uncontrolled Keywords: wildfire fuels
Description: Reintroduction of prescribed fire as a land management tool is a proactive means of reducing the threat posed by wildland fire to both people and property. For the reintroduction of fire to be ecologically effective, though, it must be based on the best available science. Researchers at the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wetlands Research Center are participating in the effort to better understand the role fires play in natural systems and the effects of fire and fire exclusion on certain species. Fire research at the NWRC focuses primarily on the role of fire on the southeastern Coastal Plain.
Publisher: National Wetlands Research Center
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

94. Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 106th Congress
Resource Identifier: http://cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/Marine/mar-27.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Eugene H. Buck, Congressional Research Service Reports, National Council for Science and the Environment
Subject: legislation, marine environments, marine mammals, aquaculture, fishery industry, coastal waters, fishes, environmental policy, fishery management, fishing vessels, sport fishing, conservation, coral reefs, estuaries, habitats, ecosystems, salmon, harvesting, dolphins, mortality, financing, whales, hunting, commercial fishing, overfishing, migratory species, population decline, natural resources, national parks, environmental restoration, endangered species, safety, wildlife, invasive species, water quality, crops, research, oil spills, whales, taxation, ocean policy, oil exploration, methylmercury, sea lions
Uncontrolled Keywords: government policy; shark finning, fishery management plans, congressional actions, pelagic longline fishery, Pacific salmon, salmon recovery, fishery restoration, striped bass, bankruptcy, Pfiesteria, sea lamprey, licensing, double crested cormorants, wildlife protection
Description: Legislation related to commercial and sport fisheries enacted by the 106th Congress addressed numerous concerns, including regulation of large fishing vessels, reauthorization of the Atlantic Striped Bass Conservation Act and the Atlantic Coastal Fisheries Cooperative Management Act, prohibition of shark finning, coral reef conservation, authorization for new fishery survey vessels, new salmon restoration measures for the Army Corps of Engineers in the Columbia River basin, estuarine habitat restoration, a pilot program to insure wild salmon fishermen for harvest failure risks, and creation of a Commission on Ocean Policy. Further details for the Congressional actions taken are provided.
Publisher: National Council for Science and the Environment
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Management Plans

95. Florida Keys Coral Reef Monitoring Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.cofc.edu/~coral/epacrmp/crmp.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Department of Biology, University of Charleston
Subject: coral reefs, monitoring, research, marine ecosystems, marine environments, nature reserves, environmental protection, water quality, environmental restoration, species richness, landscape
Uncontrolled Keywords: station installation; sampling protocol; project implementation; project design; project team ,offshore reefs, patch reefs, and hardbottom communities , dynamic equilibrium , reef decline, reef increase
Description: The Florida Keys Coral Reef Monitoring Project is a large-scale, multiple-investigator project funded by the EPA and designed to assess the status and trend of Florida's offshore reefs, patch reefs, and hardbottom communities over a 5-year period.
Publisher: University of Charleston
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: Florida

96. Forest Ecology Branch
Resource Identifier: http://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/about/feb/frst_eco.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Wetlands Research Center, United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Subject: wetlands, forests, government programs, research programs, models, ecology, ecosystem recovery, reforestation, environmental restoration, conservation, genetics, fires
Description: Most forest research at the National Wetlands Research Center focuses on forested wetlands, the most common and widespread wetland type in the South. They include bottomland hardwood forests, cypress-tupelo swamps, and mangrove forests, and are of great economic and ecological value. Despite dramatic losses this century (80% of bottomland hardwoods in the lower Mississippi Valley alone), southern forested wetlands still account for more than a third of all wetlands in the contiguous 48 states. The mission of the Forest Ecology Branch of the National Wetlands Research Center is to provide ecological, modeling, and restoration research on forested wetlands in the South. Areas of research include: Computer Modeling, Conservation Genetics, Dendroecology, Fire Science, Functions and Processes, Reforestation/Restoration.
Publisher: National Wetlands Research Center, United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

97. Forest Ecosystem Management Plan
Resource Identifier: http://www.ci.boulder.co.us/openspace/planning/Forest/forestmain.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Open Space & Mountain Parks Department, City of Boulder
Subject: forests, resource management, planning, environmental restoration, fires, public policy, ecosystem management, wildlife, public awareness, habitats, biodiversity, cities, urban environments
Description: This draft Forest Ecosystem Management Plan takes an holistic approach to restoring and nurturing essential natural forest ecosystem components and processes and to reducing the risk of catastrophic wildfire. In addition, the plan is comprehensive, grounded on the best available science, long-term in focus, and geared to managing across ownership and agency boundaries. Given how far existing forest conditions have diverged from natural presettlement conditions, the proposed forest ecosystem management plan is essentially an ecological restoration program. Major restoration objectives include: - Restoring forest structure and function. - Restoring the diversity of plant and animal habitats and communities. - Restoring a natural fire regime, which involves frequent low-intensity surface fires. Restoring a natural fire regime will reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfire and help maintain more natural forest ecosystem conditions.
Publisher: Open Space & Mountain Parks Department, City of Boulder
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: Colorado

98. Forest Fire in the U.S. Northern Rockies: A Primer
Resource Identifier: http://www.northernrockiesfire.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Amy Cilimburg, Karen Short
Subject: forests, fires, information centers, resource management, life history, ecology, environmental impact, environmental restoration, environmental effects, ecosystem recovery
Description: The goal of this site is to provide a clearinghouse of scientific information regarding the historic role and present place of fire in western Montana and northern Idaho. These pages house comprehensive reviews of topics - from fire history, to the ecological effects of fire, to the rationale behind forest restoration and rehabilitation - all based on information specific to forests of this region. Sections include: Region's Forests, Fire History, Fire Effects, Fire Exclusion, Restoration, Rehabilitation.
Publisher: Montana Natural History Center
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Idaho, Montana

99. Forest Habitat Guidelines
Resource Identifier: http://www.on.ec.gc.ca/wildlife/docs/frame-forest-e.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environment Canada - Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario Ministry of Environment
Subject: forests, wildlife, habitats, site rehabilitation, environmental restoration, planning, regeneration (ecosystems), government programs
Description: This is a section of a larger document: A Framework for Guiding Habitat Rehabilitation. This rehabilitation framework has been developed for Remedial Action Plan (RAP) teams and Public Advisory Committees (PACs) working to rehabilitate ecosystems in the 16 Canadian Areas of Concern (AOCs) across the Great Lakes basin. A series of guidelines have been developed for forest habitat. These guidelines relate to overall forest cover, size of forest patch, percent of interior forest, shape and proximity of a forest patch to other patches, corridors, and forest quality.
Publisher: Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Region, Environment Canada
Resource Type: Management Plans, Recommended Practices

100. Forest Restoration Programme
Resource Identifier: http://www.gva.es/ceam/index_i.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Mediterranean Centre for Environmental Studies Foundation (CEAM)
Subject: forests, forestry, conservation, fires, environmental restoration, forest productivity, rangelands, research programs
Description: The objective for the Forest Restoration Programme are: 1) Improve available instruments for minimising the negative effects of forest fires: short and long-term ecosystem protection, 2) Restore burnt and degraded areas: establishment of drought-resistant and fire-resilient plant communities, 3) Conserve, improve and increase the value of Valencian forest and shrubland: Reduce rangeland inflammability and combustibility, thus promoting their stability, improve the structure and maturity of forests, promote forest productivity.
Publisher: Mediterranean Centre for Environmental Studies Foundation (CEAM)
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

101. Forest Vegetation Maps of Western Ghats
Resource Identifier: http://www.gisdevelopment.net/application/environment/conservation/frcm0002.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Marie-Claire Guero, B.R. Ramesh
Subject: forests, resource management, remote sensing, mapping, vegetation cover, environmental monitoring, satellite sensing, surveys, conservation, deforestation, environmental restoration, geographic information systems
Description: The State of West Bengal has a total geographical area of 88,750 Sq. Km. i.e. 13.4% of its land area is under recorded forest. Out of this recorded forest area, nearly 34% of the forest has been brought under Protected Area network, which includes National Parks and Sanctuaries. West Bengal has one of the highest population densities in the country and there is tremendous pressure on forestland. During the Sixties and Seventies of twentieth century, because of a series of development activities and population explosion, there had been large-scale degradation of natural forest. However, from the early Eighties, with the adoption of the technique of Joint Forest Management, the process of degradation could not only be stopped but also reversed. Peoples’ participation in management of forest and sharing of usufruct from the resuscitated forest was the key to success of Joint Forest Management. Since the natural eco-system has been undergoing rapid changes in the recent times, the conventional methodology of forest vegetation monitoring through the long-term process of preparation of forest stock maps through manual survey has become almost obsolete. For better management of this dynamic eco-system, a more realistic method has been felt necessary. The modern technology of GIS and vegetation mapping through Satellite Imagery provides an opportunity for such real-time monitoring of the eco-system. Rapid appraisal of the forest inventory will help identification of the correct strategy to achieve the desired goal of conservation of forests and bio-diversity.
Publisher: GIS Development
Resource Type: Case Studies, Internet Map Services, Recommended Practices

102. Forest Working Plan in New Millennium
Resource Identifier: http://www.gisdevelopment.net/application/environment/conservation/frcm0001.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: A. K. Raha
Subject: forests, resource management, deforestation, environmental restoration, environmental monitoring, remote sensing, vegetation cover, mapping, satellite sensing, conservation, geographic information systems
Description: The State of West Bengal has a total geographical area of 88,750 Sq. Km. i.e. 13.4% of its land area is under recorded forest. Out of this recorded forest area, nearly 34% of the forest has been brought under Protected Area network, which includes National Parks and Sanctuaries. West Bengal has one of the highest population densities in the country and there is tremendous pressure on forest land. During the Sixties and Seventies of twentieth century, because of a series of development activities and population explosion, there had been large-scale degradation of natural forest. However, from the early Eighties, with the adoption of the technique of Joint Forest Management, the process of degradation could not only be stopped but also reversed. Peoples’ participation in management of forest and sharing of usufruct from the resuscitated forest was the key to success of Joint Forest Management. Since the natural eco-system has been undergoing rapid changes in the recent times, the conventional methodology of forest vegetation monitoring through the long-term process of preparation of forest stock maps through manual survey has become almost obsolete. For better management of this dynamic eco-system, a more realistic method has been felt necessary. The modern technology of GIS and vegetation mapping through Satellite Imagery provides an opportunity for such real-time monitoring of the eco-system. Rapid appraisal of the forest inventory will help identification of the correct strategy to achieve the desired goal of conservation of forests and bio-diversity.
Publisher: GIS Development
Resource Type: Case Studies, Internet Map Services, Recommended Practices

103. Forests
Resource Identifier: http://www.unep-wcmc.org/index.html?http://www.unep-wcmc.org

/forest/homepage.htm~main
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: World Conservation Monitoring Centre, United Nations Environment Programme
Subject: forests, information centers, data, conservation, biodiversity, mapping, vegetation cover, distribution, classification, resource management, protected areas, environmental changes, environmental restoration, status, ecosystem assessment
Description: UNEP-WCMC's Forest, Dryland and Freshwater Programme offers information, analysis and capacity building at regional, national and international levels for the conservation, protection and restoration of the world's forests and their biodiversity, in addition to supporting the management and distribution of this information world-wide. Information Resources and Services section includes the following: Data Sets and Maps, Analysis for Decision Making: Trends and Indicators, Regional Information, Collaboration and Networking, Forest Web Links, Non-Timber Forest Products, Forestry Stewardship Council Certification.
Publisher: World Conservation Monitoring Centre, United Nations Environment Programme
Resource Type: Datasets, Internet Map Services

104. George Miksch Sutton Avian Research Center
Resource Identifier: http://www.suttoncenter.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: George Miksch Sutton Avian Research Center
Subject: birds, conservation, habitats, environmental restoration, research, education, population decline
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Description: Home page of the George Miksch Sutton Avian Research Center which is dedicated to finding cooperative conservation solutions for birds and the natural world through science and education. The scope of the center's projects ranges from the reintroduction of Southern Bald Eagles, intensive field research on declining grassland birds, captive breeding of endangered species, raptor surveys world wide, to the use of NASA thermal-imaging cameras to study incubation temperature. Links to the main projects are available through this site.
Publisher: George Miksch Sutton Avian Research Center
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

105. Grassland Birds: An Overview of Threats and Recommended Management Strategies
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/vickery.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, grassland management, controlled burning, environmental restoration, grazing, herbivores, population decline, winter, breeding, distribution
Uncontrolled Keywords: grassland birds; habitat disturbance; grassland bird conservation programs; western shortgrass prairie; Midwestern tall grass prairie; eastern grasslands; native grazing communities; mowing; haying; habitat preferences; neotropical migrants; grassland ecosystems; threats; habitat loss; grassland landscapes
Description: Research paper defines how grassland ecosystems are dependent on periodic disturbance for habitat maintenance. Historically, grazing by native herbivores and prairie fires were the agents principally responsible for maintaining grassland areas. However, elimination of native herbivores, widespread fire suppression, and conversion for agriculture have greatly altered grasslands in the United States and Canada. Because of these landscape changes, many grassland birds are increasingly dependent on land managers for habitat creation, maintenance, and health. Grazing, prescribed burning, and mowing/haying are the most frequently used, and versatile, grassland management techniques. Grassland birds prefer a wide range of grass heights and densities, with some species preferring short sparse vegetation, and others preferring taller, more dense vegetation. Due to differences in species habitat preferences and regional differences in soils and floristics, the responses of individual grassland species to specific grassland management practices can be variable and often are regionally dependent. As a result, management of grassland areas is best directed toward the creation of a mosaic of grassland habitat types. This habitat mosaic is probably best maintained through some type of rotational management system in which sections of large grassland areas receive management on a regular schedule. Such a rotational system would provide a variety of habitat types in every year, would ensure the availability of suitable habitat for birds at either end of the grassland management spectrum, and also would provide habitat for birds whose preferences lie between these extremes.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans, Recommended Practices, Site Conservation Plans

106. Grassland Management and Restoration for Breeding Birds: An Annotated Bibliography
Resource Identifier: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/birdbibl/birdbibl.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, United States Geological Survey
Subject: birds, grassland management, environmental restoration, breeding, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: breeding birds
Description: This resource is an annotated bibliography of references that deal with the management and restoration of grasslands and their associated breeding birds. Following each citation is a summary of the results of the paper that seem most significant with respect to the management of grassland habitats. Not all significant results of each paper are discussed, just those that appear to be most pertinent to grassland management. This bibliography includes research dealing primarily with grasslands and grassland birds from the United States, but is not exhaustive. Some references have certainly been missed. Nevertheless, this list should provide a pretty good, general overview of the literature pertaining to grassland management and restoration for breeding birds.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Bibliographies and Web Indexes

107. Great Egret
Resource Identifier: http://dep.state.ct.us/burnatr/wildlife/factshts/gegret.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Subject: birds, geographical distribution, habitats, reproduction, threatened species, population decline, environmental protection, government agencies, legislation, nesting behavior, breeding, clutch size, wetlands, conservation, environmental restoration, predation, marshes, aquatic birds, life history
Uncontrolled Keywords: bird morphology; special adaptations; protective legislation; heron species; habitat loss
Description: Fact sheet for great egret. Information about its identification, physical characteristics, distribution, reproduction, decline, life history, facts, protective legislation and suggestions for wetland habitats are provided.
Publisher: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Laws and Regulations, Internet Map Services

108. Ground-Water Remediation Technologies Analysis Center
Resource Identifier: http://www.gwrtac.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: economics; pollution clean-up; environmental restoration; remediation; groundwater pollution; soil remediation; water quality control

109. Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center
Resource Identifier: http://www.gchsrc.lamar.edu/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center, Lamar University, P.O. Box 10009, Beaumont, Texas, 77710
Uncontrolled Keywords: technology transfer; pollution prevention; innovative technologies; remediation; environmental technology; hazardous wastes; research programs; education; technology; waste treatment; pollution control; environmental restoration; coastal environments

110. Hawaii Bird Conservation and Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.peregrinefund.org/conserv_hawaii.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Peregrine Fund
Subject: birds, conservation, environmental restoration, endangered species, extinction, biodiversity
Uncontrolled Keywords: global environment health
Description: An overview of the Peregrine Fund's Hawaiian bird conservation and restoration program. The goal of this program is to restore viable populations of endangered Hawaiian birds and remove them from the Endangered Species List. The success of the program is discussed in detail.
Publisher: Peregrine Fund
Resource Type: Case Studies, Site Conservation Plans
State: Hawaii

111. Hawaii Endangered Bird Conservation Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/captiveprop/consprog.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Subject: birds, conservation, endangered species, habitats, environmental restoration, environmental protection, forests, management, identification, eggs, incubation, monitoring, habitat availability
Uncontrolled Keywords: captive propagation, threats, forest birds, natural history, population viability
Description: Overview of the Hawaii Endangered Bird Conservation Program. The causes of Hawaiian bird declines are numerous and extensive, including loss and degradation of habitat, introduced diseases, predators and competitors. The task of preventing further declines and recovering imperiled species will require wide-ranging efforts to address and mitigate the diversity of threats faced by species in natural populations. The Hawaiian Endangered Bird Conservation Program has partnered with other agencies and the mission of this partnership is to contribute to these multifaceted efforts to aid the recovery of native Hawaiian ecosystems and endangered bird species and communities at the landscape-level. Details of the success of the partnership program are included.
Publisher: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Hawaii

112. Hawaii State Island Invasive Species Committees
Resource Identifier: http://www.hear.org/alliscs/
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)
Subject: Botany, Horticulture, Invasive plants, Invasive animals, Weeds, Invasive species, Plants, Introduced plants, Introduced species, Invasive animals, Environmental restoration, Flora restoration, Biological control, Land improvement, Resource conservation, Resource management, Ecosystem recovery, Organizations, Environmental protection
Description: Hawaii State Island Invasive Species Committees (ISCs) are voluntary partnerships of private, governmental, and non-profit organizations--as well as interested individuals--united to combat problems in Hawaii posed by invasive non-native (alien) species.
Publisher: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles, Bibliographies and Web Indexes, Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Journal Articles
State: Hawaii

113. Herpetolgy Project
Resource Identifier: http://cars.er.usgs.gov/amphibians2.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Geological Survey
Subject: zoology, reptiles, amphibians, endangered species, research, habitats, reproduction, life history, fauna, conservation, environmental protection, biodiversity, population status, environmental management, environmental restoration, population decline, threatened species, snakes, turtles, monitoring, telemetry, data, information, ecosystems
Uncontrolled Keywords: population modelling; habitat use, genetic analysis; federal lands
Description: The Herpetology Project focuses on the life histories, diversity and importance of amphibians and reptiles in a wide variety of Southeastern and Caribbean ecosystems.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Management Plans

114. Highlighted Scientific Findings of the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/gtr_404.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Thomas M. Quigley, Heidi Bigler Cole
Subject: ecosystem management, ecosystem assessment, ecological evaluation, socioeconomic factors, risk assessment, environmental conditions, regeneration (ecosystems), environmental restoration
Description: Decisions regarding 72 million acres of Forest Service- and Bureau of Land Management-administered lands will be based on scientific findings brought forth in the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project. Some highlights of the scientific findings are presented here. Project scientists drew three general conclusions: (1) Conditions and trends differ widely across the landscape; as a result, one-size-fits-all strategies will neither effectively restore nor maintain ecosystems. (2) Ecosystem elements are linked to one another; effective ecosystem management requires an understanding of these linkages. (3) The scientific assessment highlighted a wide variety of risks important to ecological and socioeconomic systems. It also brought forth numerous opportunities to restore ecological systems and provide goods and services. To realize the opportunities, managers must recognize and manage the risks. Three management options were analyzed: current direction, active restoration, and reserve system establishment. Analysis revealed that active restoration was effective in addressing basinwide risks and opportunities.
Publisher: Pacific Northwest Research Station, Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Recommended Practices
State: Oregon, Washington

115. How Much Habitat is Enough?
Resource Identifier: http://www.on.ec.gc.ca/wildlife/factsheets/fs_habitat-e.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environment Canada
Subject: environmental restoration, habitats, wetlands, watersheds, reforestation, water quality, marshes, vegetation, swamps, land use, environmental protection, fishes, wildlife, riparian environments, forests
Uncontrolled Keywords: rehabilitation sites; natural heritage systems; satellite imagery; sediments; forest patches; forest birds; forest cover
Description: Great Lakes factsheet. Information about habitat guidelines for wetland habitats, riparian habitats, forest habitats, land reforestation and watershed reforestation are included.
Publisher: Environment Canada
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Management Plans

116. How to Restore Forests on Surface-Mined Land - Powell River Project:

Reclamation Guidelines for Surface-Mined Land in Southwest Virginia
Resource Identifier: http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/mines/460-123/460-123.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: James A. Burger, Carl E. Zipper
Subject: forests, environmental restoration, strip mines, reclaimed land, soils, erosion, reforestation, silviculture, cultivation techniques, land reclamation, government regulations, licenses and permits, economics
Description: The purpose of this publication is to provide practical, cost-effective guidelines to ensure successful forestland reclamation using the principles of reforestation silviculture. The following guidelines were developed from research and practical experience, they should help reclamation managers and landowners achieve reforestation success and renewal of the many benefits that forests provide. Sections include: Principles of Reforestation, Regulations and Performance Bonds, Selection, Placement, and Grading of Mine Soil Material, Tree-Compatible Ground Covers for Erosion Control, Tree Establishment, Tree Seeding Handling and Planting Techniques, Economic Consideration.
Publisher: Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Virginia

117. Hydropower Research and Development
Resource Identifier: http://hydropower.inel.gov/research/default.shtml
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of Energy
Subject: environmental impact, hydrology, water quality, electricity, environmental effects, pollution, fishery industry, fishery management, environmental restoration, environmental protection, fishes, legislation, economics, research programs
Uncontrolled Keywords: renewable energy; hydroelectric power; dam safety; fish passage
Description: Information about the efforts to reduce environmental problems associated with hydropower operations, such as providing safe fish passage and improved water quality, have received considerable attention in the past decade both at Federal facilities and non-Federal facilities licensed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Also mentioned are the need for improvements in water quality in the Nation's rivers and the relicensing requirements for hundreds of non-Federal hydropower facilities that provide an opportunity to reexamine operations and consider the possibility of restoring fisheries. Ongoing efforts to ensure the safety of dams and use newly available computer technologies to optimize operations provide additional opportunities to improve the environment.
Publisher: United States Department of Energy
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Management Plans

118. Idaho Rivers United
Resource Identifier: http://www.idahorivers.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Idaho Rivers United
Subject: rivers, environmental protection, natural areas protection, political action, community involvement, environmental restoration, dams, salmon, conservation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wild and Scenic Rivers
Description: Idaho Rivers United's mission is to protect, restore and improve the rivers of Idaho and the communities that depend on them. The focus is the ecological integrity of our rivers; the main strategy is citizen involvement. Volunteers and members are involved in issues such as establishment of instream flows, protection of wild rivers, keeping rivers clean and healthy, defending at-risk populations of fish, and minimizing the impacts of dams on Idaho's rivers. Idaho Rivers United builds river protection campaigns that effectively team up staff and volunteers.
Publisher: Idaho Rivers United
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Idaho

119. Identifying Management Actions on DoD Installations to Reverse Declines in

Neotropical Birds (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.birdpop.org/DownloadDocuments/BigOaksNWR2002.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: M. Philip Nott, Institute for Bird Populations
Subject: birds, landscape, habitats, models, monitoring, natural resources, environmental restoration, population decline, forests, breeding, predation, capture, migratory birds
Uncontrolled Keywords: neotropical birds; land cover; woodlands, patch size, productivity, military installations, species-habitat relationships
Description: This study shows that the MAPS protocol has great potential for both monitoring the response of bird species to landscape change and providing data that can be used to construct landscape level avian population or community models. These models can be used to assess the effects of proposed land management scenarios designed to restore, maintain or harvest natural resources that provide breeding habitat for a suite of neotropical landbird species.
Publisher: Institute for Bird Populations
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Internet Map Services

120. Improving Fish Habitat (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.lrconline.com/Extension_Notes_English/pdf/fsh_hab.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Land Owner Resource Center
Subject: food, human impact, environmental restoration, habitats, fishes, marine environments, biodiversity, natural resources, artificial reefs
Uncontrolled Keywords: spawning bed; northern pike; bass; erosion; underwater structures; half logs; brush shelters; log cribs; boulder clusters; rock piles; in-stream structures; rootwads; brush bundles
Description: The health of fish populations often depends on naturally occurring elements, such as the availability of food, and the impact of human activities. Unfortunately, of the two, human activities are often the more destructive. There are, however, many things that individuals and groups can do to restore or enhance aquatic habitats and improve local fisheries. This Extension Note highlights some of them.
Publisher: Land Owner Resource Center
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

121. Innovative Uses of Compost - Reforestation, Wetlands Restoration, and Habitat Revitalization
Resource Identifier: http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/compost/reforest.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Solid Waste and Emergency Response, United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Subject: composts, composting, environmental restoration, reforestation, wetlands, habitats, soils, environmental degradation
Description: Discusses the roles and benefits of compost, with demonstration examples, in the areas of reforestation (Nantahela National Forest and the Qualla Cherokee Reservation); habitat restoration (Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Project); and regaining wetlands (Clean Washington Center Project).
Publisher: Solid Waste and Emergency Response, United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

122. Interactive Effects of Climate Change and Fire on Bird Communities:

Landscape and Regional Projections
Resource Identifier: http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/brd_global_change/proj_42_big_bend.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Geological Survey
Subject: birds, climatic change, fires, habitats, ecology, environmental restoration, management, distribution, vegetation, statistical models
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chihuahuan Desert; habitat loss, geographic information system, spatial dynamics, temporal dynamics, bird landscape models, wildfires, fire frequency
Description: Information and objectives of project to assess the vulnerability of the Trans-Pecos Region to climate change and increased fire frequency, and to develop effective management and restoration practices to accommodate such changes.
Publisher: Colorado State University
Resource Type: Case Studies
State: Arizona, New Mexico, Texas

123. Invasive Exotic Species
Resource Identifier: http://sofia.usgs.gov/sfrsf/rooms/species/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: South Florida Restoration Science Forum, United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Center for Coastal Geology
Subject: invasive species, biological control, introduced species, environmental restoration, weeds, fishes
Uncontrolled Keywords: control programs, noxious exotic weeds
Description: Web page provides link to invasive species control, biological control methods, non-native fish information and the Noxious Exotic Weed Task Team.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Management Plans

124. Invasive Species
Resource Identifier: http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/invasive/
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Subject: Botany, Horticulture, Invasive plants, Weeds, Invasive species, Plants, Introduced plants, Invasive animals, Animals, Introduced species, Environmental impact, Environmental restoration, Flora restoration, Biological control, Weed control, Land improvement, Resource conservation, Resource management, Ecosystem recovery, Environmental protection, Conservation, Biodiversity, Indigenous species, State government agencies, State programs, Identification
Description: Follow well-organized charts for information about invasive plant species in Wisconsin and their habitats.
Publisher: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Resource Type: Bibliographies and Web Indexes, Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Internet Map Services, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Journal Articles
State: Wisconsin

125. Invasive Species of the Forest Ground Plane
Resource Identifier: http://www.hort.agri.umn.edu/h5015/00papers/oversabo.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Autumn E. Sabo
Subject: invasive species, understory, forests, environmental restoration, vegetation, indigenous species, habitats, biodiversity, populations, ecosystems, conservation, introduced plants, reclamation
Description: Introduction to an issue of Restoration and Reclamation Review, providing an overview of the issue related to the importance of understory to restoration and the impact of invasive species on that activity.
Publisher: Department of Horticultural Science, University of Minnesota
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices, Journal Articles

126. Joint Forest Management
Resource Identifier: http://www.teriin.org/jfm/jfm.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Subject: forests, resource management, government programs, cooperation, indigenous populations, sustainable development, forest protection, conservation, resource development, development policy, socioeconomics, deforestation, environmental restoration
Description: Joint Forest Management is a concept of developing partnerships between fringe forest user groups and the FD (forest department) on the basis of mutual trust and jointly defined roles and responsibilities with regard to forest protection and development. Under the JFM programme, the user (local communities) and the owner (government) manage the resource and share the cost equally. The effective and meaningful involvement of local communities in evolving sustainable forest management systems is now being looked upon as a significant approach to address the longstanding problems of deforestation and land degradation in India. The linking of socio-economic incentives and forest development has been singularly instrumental in eliciting community participation.
Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Resource Type: Recommended Practices

127. Karner Blue Butterfly
Resource Identifier: http://www.rom.on.ca/ontario/risk.php?doc_type=fact&lang=&id=57
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2C6,Canada
Uncontrolled Keywords: karner blue butterfly; Lycaeides melissa samuelis; description; lupine; larvae; endangered species; ecosystem recovery; distribution; environmental restoration; language; threats

128. Kern River
Resource Identifier: http://www.amrivers.org/20-4.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: American Rivers, 1025 Vermont Avenue, NW, Suite 720, Washington, D.C. 20005
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, California; environmental restoration; freshwater environments; inland water environment; ecosystem management; environmental impact; hydropower projects; electric power; electricity; rivers; power plants; dams; reservoirs; barrages

129. Klamath River Restoration Program
Resource Identifier: http://endeavor.des.ucdavis.edu/kris/RestProg.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of California, Davis
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental restoration; Klamath Basin; USA; California; water quality; salmon; Oncorhynchus

130. Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
Resource Identifier: http://sacramento.fws.gov/es/animal_spp_acct/lahontan_cutthroat.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office
Subject: fishes, threatened species, geographical distribution, spawning, environmental protection, environmental restoration, endangered species, management, freshwater environments
Uncontrolled Keywords: restoration plan
Description: Links to the restoration plans for Lahontan Cutthroat Trout in Nevada.
Publisher: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: Nevada

131. Landbird Monitoring Program 2001 Proposal - East Side Forests Structure

 and Grazing in Tall-Willow Riparian Communities
Resource Identifier: http://biology.umt.edu/landbird/willow.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana
Subject: birds, conservation, forestry, riparian forests, management, environmental restoration, vegetation changes
Uncontrolled Keywords: avian species; avian habitats; riparian habitats; woodlands; livestock grazing; vegetation; breeding birds; neotropical migrants; riparian birds; willow riparian birds; tall willow riparian areas; bird communities; elevation; bird sampling; vegetation sampling; treatments
Description: Project to collect and develop information on avian species response to guide riparian management in Region One and the west. By combining survey efforts across multiple forests in Region One and with other potential collaborators in western Montana we can gain important insight into the health of riparian systems, identify key universal and site-specific features to guide acquisition and restoration, and identify the most effective techniques for active land management and the conservation of avian habitats. Monitoring needs, study objectives, bird sampling methods, vegetation sampling methods, design and literature resources are identified.
Publisher: University of Montana
Resource Type: Case Studies, Datasets, Management Plans, Recommended Practices

132. Landbird Monitoring Program 2001 Proposal - West Side Forests Ponderosa

Pine Dry Forest Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://biology.umt.edu/landbird/ppine.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana
Subject: birds, monitoring, conservation, environmental restoration, management, logging, fires, old growth, forestry, breeding, controlled burning, vegetation
Uncontrolled Keywords: avian species; landbirds; dry forests; dry forest habitat; crown fires; species abundance ; site selection
Description: Project to collect and develop information on avian species response to guide management of dry forests in Region One and the west. By combining survey efforts across multiple forests in Region One (and possibly with other collaborators in the west), we can gain important insight into the health of dry forests, identify universal and site specific features to guide restoration, and identify the most effective techniques for active land management and the conservation of avian habitats. Monitoring needs, study objectives, methods, design and literature resources are identified.
Publisher: University of Montana
Resource Type: Case Studies, Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices

133. Louisiana Coastal Area Ecosystem Restoration Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.mvn.usace.army.mil/prj/lca/
Cataloging Node: Central Southwest/Gulf Coast Information Node
Creator: United States Army Corps of Engineers New Orleans District, Louisiana Department of Natural Resources
Subject: Wetlands, state programs, environmental restoration, coastal erosion, environmental management, ecosystem recovery
Description: Louisiana Coastal Area Ecosystem Restoration Study Web site. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources, in conjunction with federal and state agencies, are undertaking this feasibility study, which covers 20,000 square miles of the Louisiana coast from Texas to Mississippi. The site was developed to provide you with up-to-date information about the project scope and related activities
Publisher: United States Army Corps of Engineers New Orleans District, Louisiana Department of Natural Resources
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Louisiana

134. Low Access Forests and their Level of Protection in North America
Resource Identifier: http://pdf.wri.org/gfw_namerica_full.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Ruth Nogueró
Contributor: Dirk A. Bryant, James Strittholt, Jonathan Kool
Subject: forests, ecosystem assessment, environmental restoration, public access, roads, logging, protected areas, mapping, status
Description: This paper presents the results of a map-based analysis of the location and status of North American forests (excluding Mexico) that remain mostly undivided by roads and other access routes, so-called low-access forests. It provides a regional look at where large tracts (larger than 200 square kilometers (km2) of low-access forest are located, as well as an assessment of the degree to which these tracts are currently protected. Because of data limitations (for example, the analysis does not factor in the presence of logging roads), these results create only a coarse picture, at a continental scale, of the location and status of large, low-access forest tracts. The results are useful for identifying forests that, due to their limited development, offer opportunities for expanding protected area networks and/or for restoration, as well as priority areas for future mapping to characterize intact forests at finer scales.
Publisher: World Resources Institute
Resource Type: Case Studies, Issue Overviews, Internet Map Services

135. Low-Access Forests and their Level of Protection in North America
Resource Identifier: http://www.globalforestwatch.org/common/pdf/report.north.america.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Ruth Nogueró
Contributor: Dirk A. Bryant, James Strittholt, Jonathan Kool
Subject: forests, protected areas, mapping, surveys, roads, environmental assessment, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: low-access forests
Description: This paper presents the results of a map-based analysis of the location and status of North American forests (excluding Mexico) that remain mostly undivided by roads and other access routes, so called low-access forests. It provides a regional look at where large tracts (larger than 200 square kilometers (km2) of low-access forest are located, as well as an assessment of the degree to which these tracts are currently protected. Because of data limitations (for example, the analysis does not factor in the presence of logging roads), these results create only a coarse picture, at a continental scale, of the location and status of large, low-access forest tracts. The results are useful for identifying forests that, due to their limited development, offer opportunities for expanding protected area networks and/or for restoration, as well as priority areas for future mapping to characterize intact forests at finer scales.
Publisher: Global Forest Watch, World Resources Institute
Resource Type: Internet Map Services

136. Management of Bottomland Hardwoods and Deepwater Swamps for

 Threatened and Endangered Species
Resource Identifier: http://www.wes.army.mil/el/elpubs/pdf/trserdp99-5.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Richard A. Fischer, Chester O. Martin, Kevin Robertson, William R. Whitworth, Mary G. Harper
Subject: endangered species, species of special concern, resource management, ecology, land use, forests, hardwoods, wetlands, environmental impact, environmental restoration, military, habitats, planning, research, landscape, silviculture
Description: Bottomland hardwood forests (BLH) and deepwater swamps are forested wetlands that include stream and river floodplain forests and basin mixed hardwood forests throughout the southeastern United States. The ecology and management of these communities are reviewed here with an emphasis on land uses associated with Department of Defense (DoD) installations. This effort is directed at developing strategies to manage threatened, endangered, sensitive species (TES) and their habitats on a plant community basis using methods that apply to multiple species and military training lands across the southeastern United States. The objectives of this research were to compile information, identify gaps in knowledge, and stimulate future research efforts on the potential positive and negative effects of landscape planning, silviculture, military training, and other resource-based activities on BLH and deepwater swamps that serve as high quality habitat for TES on military lands in the southeastern United States.
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Resource Type: Case Studies, Recommended Practices

137. Management Recommendations for Washington's Priority Habitats: Riparian
Resource Identifier: http://wdfw.wa.gov/hab/ripxsum.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: K. Lea Knutson, Virginia L. Naef
Subject: habitats, habitat utilization, habitat changes, riparian environments, wildlife management, resource management, land use, wildlife conservation, watersheds, agriculture, grazing, chemicals, roads, recreation, streams, forest practices, urbanization, habitat improvement, environmental restoration, planning
Description: The Department has developed management recommendations for Washington’s priority habitats and species to provide planners, elected officials, landowners, and citizens with comprehensive information on important fish, wildlife, and habitat resources. These management recommendations are designed to assist in making land use decisions that incorporate the needs of fish and wildlife. Management recommendations for each priority habitat are written in six sections: Definition, Rationale, Distribution, Habitat Description, Fish and Wildlife Use, Impacts of Land Use, Management Recommendations. Recommendations on major land use activities commonly conducted within or adjacent to riparian areas are provided, including those relative to agriculture, chemical treatments, grazing, watershed management, roads, stream crossings and utilities, recreational use, forest practices, urbanization, comprehensive planning, restoration, and enhancement. Management recommendations for riparian habitat are developed to meet the goal of maintaining or enhancing the structural and functional integrity of riparian habitat and associated aquatic systems needed to perpetually support fish and wildlife populations on both site and landscape levels.
Publisher: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Resource Type: Recommended Practices
State: Washington

138. Managing Regeneration in Conifer Plantations to Restore a Mixed, Hardwood Forest
Resource Identifier: http://www.lrconline.com/Extension_Notes_English/pdf/cnfr.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Land Owner Resource Center
Contributor: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Eastern Ontario Model Forest
Subject: conifers, plantations, hardwoods, forests, regeneration (ecosystems), environmental restoration, hardwoods, forest products, wood, wildlife, habitats
Description: This Extension Note tells you how to manage the hardwood regeneration in 20- to 70-year-old conifer plantations to speed the restoration of a more diverse, hardwood forest. In addition to improving habitat for wildlife, restoration can also increase the quality and commercial value of the conifer plantation and the future hardwood forest for wood products.
Publisher: Land Owner Resource Center
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

139. Managing Small Woods
Resource Identifier: http://www.enfo.ie/Library/as/as13.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Forest Service, David Hickie
Subject: forests, resource management, land ownership, stock assessment, environmental restoration, forest products, harvesting, forest practices, grants, financing
Description: This leaflet, from the United Kingdom's Forest Service, gives advice on: how to take stock of woodlands; how to renovate woods; harvesting and marketing; sources of grant-aid and further advice.
Publisher: Information on the Environment, Department of the Environment and Local Government
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

140. Managing Wetlands for Water birds: How Managers Can Make a Difference

in Improving Habitat to Support a North American Bird ConservationPlan
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/erwin.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, aquatic birds, wetlands, pesticides, threatened species, endangered species, government agencies, environmental restoration, wildlife, riparian environments, winter, agriculture, grazing, invasive species, runoff
Uncontrolled Keywords: wetland loss; wetland management; waterbird populations; sedimentation; agricultural conversions; flood control; human disturbances; beaches; forest fragmentation; colonial waterbirds; shorebirds; rails; allies; freshwater marshes; coastal beaches; migration habitat; metal contamination; estuaries; timber harvest; mosquito control; single species management; forested wetlands; prairie regions
Description: Research paper defines how wetlands are the most productive ecosystems in the world, yet they have suffered more loss and degradation than any other ecosystem. Not surprisingly, 50% (29 of 58) of all the bird species in the U. S. (excluding Hawaii and territories) that are listed either as federally threatened or endangered, or are on the U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1995 List of Migratory Nongame Birds of Management Concern, occupy wetland or aquatic habitats even though many remaining wetlands across the North American landscape already are managed primarily for waterbirds. Some of these wetlands are administered by federal and state entities (e.g., national wildlife refuges, national and state parks, state wetland management areas) or are maintained on private lands through federally supported restoration and enhancement programs (e.g., Conservation Reserve Program, Wetland Reserve Program, Waterfowl Production Areas, and Partners for Wildlife). Private organizations, such as the National Audubon Society, The Nature Conservancy, and private hunting clubs, also own wetland areas that are managed specifically to benefit wildlife. If management philosophies are altered to consider the entire complex of wetlands, many wetlands can provide benefits to a broad array of waterbirds, as opposed to just one or a few species. However, challenges for natural resource managers are in forming partnerships with owners-managers of wetlands where the objectives are not primarily wildlife oriented. These owners or managers need to be included in wetland training workshops in an attempt to educate them about wetland values and secondary wildlife benefits that may be derived in flooded agricultural lands, aquaculture ponds, altered coastal marshes (mosquito control), and salt evaporation ponds. In some cases, compensation for crop damages by wildlife may be a necessary part of any cooperative agreements. In the development of a North American Bird Conservation Plan we propose a four-step approach and recommend that emphasis be placed on working with Joint Ventures of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan to ensure that a diverse array of waterbird species will benefit. Efforts also should be devoted to developing similar partnerships in areas where important wetland resources exist but no Joint Ventures are planned.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans

141. Mangrove Action Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.earthisland.org/map/index.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Mangrove Action Project
Subject: mangroves, deforestation, environmental restoration, coastal ecosystems, sustainable development, indigenous populations, economics, employment, developing countries, fishing, agriculture, public awareness
Description: MAP is dedicated to reversing the degradation of mangrove forest ecosystems worldwide. Its central tenet is to promote the rights of local coastal peoples, including fishers and farmers, in the sustainable management of coastal environs. MAP provides four essential services to grassroots associations and other proponents of mangrove conservation: 1) It coordinates a unique international NGO network and information clearinghouse on mangrove forests; 2) It promotes public awareness of mangrove forest issues; 3) It develops technical and financial support for NGO projects; and 4) MAP helps publicize within the developed nations the basic needs and struggles of Third World coastal fishing and farming communities affected by the consumer demands of the wealthy nations.
Publisher: Earth Island Institute
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

142. Manual for Monitoring Coral Reefs with Indicator Species (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.coral.noaa.gov/themes/butterfl.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Michael Crosby, Ernst Reese, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
Subject: coral reefs, environmental monitoring, fishes, tropical fishes, atolls, barrier reefs, habitats, mangroves, ecosystem management, conservation, environmental restoration, damage, behavior, food, feeding behavior
Uncontrolled Keywords: indicator species; butterfly fishes; reef health; stress levels; behavioral ecology; transect lines
Description: The development of the coral reef monitoring approach described in this manual will provide the basis for a future, more comprehensive effort to provide scientific evidence of the compatibility of amphibious exercises or highlight potential damages and recommendations for mitigating alternatives to minimize effects of these exercises.
Publisher: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Case Studies
State: Hawaii

143. Maryland Sea Grant Research: Oyster Disease Research Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/Research/OysterDisease.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Maryland Sea Grant
Subject: fishery industry, oysters, diseases, animal diseases, disease control, environmental protection, environmental management, environmental restoration, coastal environments
Uncontrolled Keywords: oyster fisheries; MSX; Dermo; disease detection; parasitic diseases; Crassostrea virginica ; disease resistance
Description: This extensive program of ongoing research coupled with outreach and management efforts aims to better serve the restoration of healthy populations of oysters in the nation's coastal waters. Restoring Oysters to U. S. Coastal Waters summarizes the program to date and highlights successful application of research efforts on the east and west coasts.
Publisher: University of Maryland
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

144. Mission of the EPA's US Coral Reef Task Force
Resource Identifier: http://www.epa.gov/owow/oceans/coral/taskforce.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Wetlands, Oceans, & Watersheds
Subject: coral reefs, government agencies, environmental protection, biodiversity, conservation, marine environments, environmental degradation, environmental restoration, mapping, monitoring, research
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental Protection Agency; EPA ; task force; environmental legislation
Description: The Executive Order directs all federal agencies to protect coral reef ecosystems to the extent feasible, and instructs particular agencies to develop coordinated, science-based plans to restore damaged reefs as well as mitigate current and future impacts on reefs, both in the United States and around the globe. Also, the Executive Order on Coral Reef Protection establishes the interagency U.S. Coral Reef Task Force
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency
Resource Type: Laws and Regulations

145. Multi-resource and Multi-scale Approaches for Meeting the Challenge

 of Managing Multiple Species
Resource Identifier: http://birds.cornell.edu/pifcapemay/thompson_etal.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cornell University
Subject: birds, migratory birds, habitats, conservation, ecosystem management, spatial analysis, distribution, breeding, population dynamics, threatened species, endangered species, environmental economics, environmental restoration, riparian environments, population decline
Uncontrolled Keywords: neotropical migratory bird species; habitat requirements; multi-resource conflicts; multi-species conflicts; management indicator species; priority species; mapping methods; Southern Appalachian Subregional Assessment; ecological processes; habitat requirements; pesticide contamination; forest fragmentation; wetland loss; riparian habitat degradation; species prioritization; landscape habitat suitability
Description: Research paper highlights how the large number of Neotropical migratory bird (NTMB) species and their diverse habitat requirements create conflicts and difficulties for land managers and conservationists. We provide examples of assessments or conservation efforts that attempt to address the problem of managing for multiple NTMB species. We advocate approaches at a variety of spatial and geographic scales, and believe that successful NTMB conservation will require a broad “top-down” perspective combined management actions taken from the “bottom up.” A top-down approach is needed to establish priorities or objectives at regional and sub-regional scales for species, ecosystems, and ecological processes (e.g., the role of fire in grasslands and woodlands). Multi-species or multi-resource concerns require broad spatial perspectives (regional, continental, global), because many ecological processes and economic concerns are regional, continental, and global in scope. We believe that multi-resource, multi-species conflicts can be reduced if managers at a local level try to contribute to regional priorities.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans, Recommended Practices

146. Mycorrhizae in Bottomland Hardwood (BLH) Wetland Forests
Resource Identifier: http://www.wes.army.mil/el/wrtc/wrp/tnotes/vnrs4-2.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: M. M. Davis, Judy Shearer
Subject: wetlands, hardwoods, forests, mycorrhizae, environmental restoration, reforestation, agricultural land, regeneration (ecosystems), inoculation
Description: This technical note describes the distribution of mycorrhizae in several bottomland hardwood (BLH) wetland forests of the Southeast and their potential importance in restoration of BLH wetland forests from agricultural lands. The large number of fungal species that have little overlap among tree species suggests that several fungal species may perform ecologically similar roles in the symbiotic relationship with the host tree. This indicates that the development of the mycorrhizal inoculum for plantings to be used in restoration projects should involve only a limited number of species. If the common mycorrhizal fungi or fungi that exhibit desirable characteristics can be easily cultured, commercial inoculation of large numbers of seedlings will be economically feasible.
Publisher: Waterways Experiment Station, Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Recommended Practices

147. National Coalition for Abandoned Mine Reclamation
Resource Identifier: http://web.infoave.net/~ncamr/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Coalition for Abandoned Mine Reclamation, Highway 41, P.O. Box 177, Tracy City, TN, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: coal; mining; water quality; public health; economics; land reclamation; environmental restoration

148. National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.fws.gov/cep/cwgcover.html
Cataloging Node: Central Southwest/Gulf Coast Information Node
Creator: Division of Fish and Wildlife Management, United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Subject: Wetlands, grants, government agencies, environmental restoration
Description: The Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (Title III of P.L. 101-646) established the National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant Program to acquire, restore, and enhance wetlands of coastal States and the Trust Territories. Includes information on past grant awards, program fact sheets, and application guidelines.
Publisher: Division of Fish and Wildlife Management, United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

149. National Fire Plan
Resource Identifier: http://www.fireplan.gov/content/home/?LanguageID=1
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Fire Plan
Subject: fires, forests, rangelands, environmental restoration, government programs, research programs, cooperation, planning
Uncontrolled Keywords: wildfire fuels
Description: The National Fire Plan is a long-term investment that will help protect communities and natural resources, and most importantly, the lives of firefighters and the public. It is a long-term commitment based on cooperation and communication among federal agencies, states, local governments, tribes and interested publics. Sections on the site include: firefighting, rehabilitation, fuels reduction, community assistance, accountability, research, reports, activity by state.
Publisher: National Fire Plan
Resource Type: Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

150. National Forests as the New Appalachian Commons
Resource Identifier: http://www.mtnforum.org/resources/library/bolgc99a.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Chris Bolgiano
Subject: deforestation, ecosystem recovery, environmental restoration, public policy, land use, conservation, resource exploitation
Uncontrolled Keywords: national forests, commons
Description: Part of a panel discussion on the book, "Transforming the Appalachian Countryside: Railroads, Deforestation, and Social Change in West Virginia, 1880-1920" by Ronald Lewis (University of North Carolina Press, 1998). The author proposes that the Appalachian national forests embody a new, modern form of the commons, which offers this region an unprecedented opportunity. The reincarnation of the Appalachian commons can maintain and maybe even reinvigorate traditional Appalachian values. At the same time, the national forests offer a structure by which to avoid the original tragedy of the commons, that is, overexploitation. The requirement for public participation in national forest planning provides a mechanism for local communities to help shape land use policies. In turn, ecological monitoring and reporting by the Forest Service can provide the necessary feedback for long-term protection of resources.
Publisher: Mountain Forum
Resource Type: Recommended Practices, Proceedings

151. Native Forest Network
Resource Identifier: http://nativeforest.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Native Forest Network
Subject: forests, forestry, environmental protection, conservation, ecology, sustainable development, indigenous populations, environmental restoration, regeneration (ecosystems), fires
Description: The Native Forest Network is a global autononomous collective of forest activists, indigenous peoples, conservation biologists and non-governmental organizations. The mission of NFN is to protect the world's remaining native forest be they temperate or otherwise, to ensure they can survive, flourish and maintain their evolutionary potential.
Publisher: Native Forest Network
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

152. Native Plants Journal
Resource Identifier: http://nativeplants.for.uidaho.edu/
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, University of Idaho
Contributor: United States Department of Agriculture Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service
Subject: Botany, Horticulture, Indigenous plants, Plants, Conservation, Reforestation, Landscaping, Flora restoration, Environmental restoration, Sustainable development, Ecosystem management, Natural vegetation, Environmental protection, Cultivation techniques
Uncontrolled Keywords: Green landscaping
Description: A semi-annual electronic journal, providing technical and practical information on the growing of native plants for restoration, conservation, reforestation, and landscaping.
Publisher: University of Idaho
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices, Journal Articles

153. Natural History
Resource Identifier: http://www.elkhornslough.org/nathist.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Elkhorn Slough Foundation, Elkhorn Slough National Research Reserve
Subject: birds, plants, fishes, wetlands, aquatic birds, aquatic plants, conservation, biota, habitats, nature reserves, environmental restoration, basidiocarps, sharks
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elkhorn Slough; estuaries; coastal wetlands; mud, wild birds, rays
Description: Located in the middle of Monterey Bay, Elkhorn Slough harbors the largest tract of tidal salt marsh in California outside of San Francisco Bay. The Elkhorn Slough is one of the state's largest and last remaining coastal wetlands. This site provides information about birds, plants, sharks, rays and microscopic slough that inhabit the Elkhorn Slough area.
Publisher: Elkhorn Slough Foundation, Elkhorn Slough National Research Reserve
Resource Type: Checklists and Identification Guides, Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs
State: California

154. NBII California Information Node
Resource Identifier: http://cain.nbii.gov/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Biological Information Infrastructure
Contributor: University of California, Davis - Information Center for the Environment
Subject: invasive species, introduced species, biological control, environmental management, conservation, environmental restoration, flora, fauna, watersheds, mapping, weeds, birds
Description: The California Information Node provides access to data and information about California's environment. Among the topics covered are: invasive species, resource management, conservation, restoration, plants, animals, watersheds and policies. Images, maps and spatial data are also provided. Links to biological issues, biological disciplines, teacher resources and other data resources are available.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Datasets, Databases and Information Systems, Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Management Plans, Internet Map Services, Site Conservation Plans, Standards and Guidelines
State: California

155. NBII Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Node
Resource Identifier: http://far.nbii.gov/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) National Program Office, USGS Biological Informatics Office
Subject: fishing, aquatic plants, crustaceans, aquatic insects, mollusks, watersheds, hatcheries, wildlife management, fishes, water quality, conservation, environmental restoration, fishery management, fishery industry, wildlife, aquatic environments, animal diseases, diseases
Uncontrolled Keywords: fish species; fish population dynamics; fish diseases; habitat alteration, habitat degradation, datasets
Description: A brief overview of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Node (FAR) node was established to provide an integrated, comprehensive web-based resource that will: 1) serve and access fishery and aquatic databases, 2) link to fishery and aquatic resource information sites and 3) act as larger scale coordinating site for fisheries and aquatic resources standards. Information about StreamNet, which provides a variety of data types, informational products, and data services in support of the region's Fish and Wildlife Program and other efforts to manage and restore the region's aquatic resources.
Publisher: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) National Program Office
Resource Type: Databases and Information Systems, Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Management Plans

156. NCSU Water Quality Group Newsletter
Resource Identifier: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/bae/programs/extension/wqg/issues/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: North Carolina State University
Subject: marine environments, water quality, pollution, land use, natural resources, watersheds, freshwater environments, environmental restoration, monitoring, agriculture, forestry
Uncontrolled Keywords: nonpoint source pollution; waste management
Description: Home page of the North Carolina State University Water Quality Group. Website highlights news, recent publications and upcoming events. The North Carolina State University (NCSU) Water Quality Group is a multidisciplinary team that analyzes and conducts natural resource management programs with an emphasis on nonpoint source (NPS) pollution policy, assessment, and control technologies.
Publisher: North Carolina State University
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles, Journal Articles

157. NOAA Restoration Center
Resource Identifier: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/habitat/restoration/
Cataloging Node: Central Southwest/Gulf Coast Information Node
Creator: Nancy Lou, NOAA Fisheries, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: Marine ecology, marine ecosystems, marine environments, marine aquaculture, environmental restoration, government agencies
Description: The NOAA Restoration Center enhances living marine resources to benefit the nation's fisheries by restoring their habitats. The NOAA Restoration Center is the focal point for marine and estuarine habitat restoration within NOAA. The Restoration Center (housed in the National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Habitat Conservation) performs restoration pursuant to federal legislation and improves the state of restoration ecology and habitat management.
Publisher: NOAA Fisheries, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

158. Nooksack Salmon Enhancement Association
Resource Identifier: http://www.n-sea.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Nooksack Salmon Enhancement Association
Subject: fisheries, conservation, wildlife management, salmon, streams, environmental restoration, habitat improvement
Description: Formed in 1990 as a non-profit organization, NSEA is a coalition of community members with a common vision of seeing naturally spawning salmon returning to Whatcom County streams.
Publisher: Nooksack Salmon Enhancement Association
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

159. North American Bird Conservation Initiative in the United States: A Vision of American Bird Conservation (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.partnersinflight.org/nabci/NABCIfndtn.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Partners in Flight
Subject: birds, conservation, recreation, tourism, migratory birds, population decline, habitats, environmental restoration, management, financing, government agencies
Uncontrolled Keywords: bird population; birding; nature-based recreation, wildlife protection, life cycles, bird conservation landscape
Description: Report identifies the vision of the North American Bird Conservation Initiative which is to see populations and habitats of North America's birds protected, restored and enhanced through coordinated efforts at international, national, regional, state and local levels, guided by sound science and effective management. Further details to accomplish this vision are provided.
Publisher: Partners in Flight
Resource Type: Management Plans

160. North American Waterfowl Management Plan
Resource Identifier: http://birdhabitat.fws.gov/NAWMP/nawmphp.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Bird Habitat Conservation
Subject: birds, migratory birds, aquatic birds, population decline, nesting behavior, winter, conservation, wetlands, endangered species, development projects, environmental restoration
Description: An overview of the plan recognizing the importance of waterfowl and wetlands to North Americans and the need for international cooperation to help in the recovery of a shared resource, the Canadian and United States governments developed a strategy to restore waterfowl populations through habitat protection, restoration, and enhancement. The strategy was documented in the North American Waterfowl Management Plan signed in 1986 by the Canadian Minister of the Environment and the United States' Secretary of the Interior. The plan's premise, committee and accomplishments are identified.
Publisher: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans

161. Northwest Ecosystem Alliance
Resource Identifier: http://www.ecosystem.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Northwest Ecosystem Alliance
Subject: environmental protection, environmental restoration, conservation, political action, conservation, natural resources, resource management, forests, endangered species, special status species
Description: Northwest Ecosystem Alliance (NWEA) protects and restores wildlands in the Pacific Northwest and supports such efforts in British Columbia. NWEA bridges science and advocacy, working with activists, policy makers and the general public to conserve the Pacific Northwest's natural heritage. NWEA has fought relentlessly to maintain the ecological integrity of the Northwest's wildlands. In doing so, it has established itself as one of America's premier regional conservation forces, combining organizing, media and science skills with innovative strategy and fieldwork. Along with protecting countless acres of forestland, NWEA has worked diligently to protect endangered and threatened species such as the lynx, gray wolf and salmon.
Publisher: Northwest Ecosystem Alliance
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

162. Northwest Habitat Institute
Resource Identifier: http://www.nwhi.org/NHI/default.asp
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Northwest Habitat Institute
Subject: wildlife, fishes, habitats, endemic species, conservation, education, data, mapping, models, monitoring, environmental restoration, land use, planning, information centers
Description: The Northwest Habitat Institute (NHI) is a non-profit scientific and educational organization. Its mission is to promote and facilitate the conservation of Pacific Northwest native species and habitats through: development and dissemination of data-rich and verifiable information, maps, and tools, and restoration and enhancement of native habitats. Specific objectives of the institute include developing products and tools that assist landowners and land managers conserve native species and habitats, developing and implementing inventorying and monitoring programs, and coordinating and facilitating activities (e.g., habitat restoration, land-use planning and management objectives) that promote the conservation and management of natural resources. To achieve its mission, NHI has developed three specialized programs: Habitat Mapping, Data Modeling, and Habitat Restoration.
Publisher: Northwest Habitat Institute
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

163. Oaks in California's Changing Landscape
Resource Identifier: http://danr.ucop.edu/ihrmp/proceed/symproc02.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of California, Integrated Hardwood Range Management Program, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Berkeley College of Natural Resources
Subject: ecology, resource management, trees, wood, forest products, research, soils, conservation, regeneration (ecosystems), fires, wildlife, urban environments, public policy, seedlings, environmental restoration, diseases, damage, sustainable development, planning, grazing, genetics, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: oaks, Sudden Oak Death
Description: Online version of the Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Oak Woodlands, "Oaks in California’s Changing Landscape". There are peer reviewed scientific articles, and abstracts from 12 poster presentations on the latest information on the ecology, management, uses, and products from California’s oak woodlands. There is a special section with 8 papers on Sudden Oak Death. The fifth oak symposium was designed to provide a forum for current research and outstanding case studies on oak woodland conservation and sustainability in California. The previous conferences -- held in 1979, 1986, 1990, and 1996 -- serve as rich sources of information about a wide range of subjects on oak ecology, management, uses, planning and conservation. This conference is aimed at natural resource managers, researchers, policy makers, and public and private interest groups. Seventy-two papers are presented in the proceedings. Topics covered include: grazing relations, soil relations, Garry oak conservation, oak regeneration and restoration, fire relations, wildlife relations, urban forestry, oak woodland policy, genetic factors, monitoring, ecology, and a special session on "Sudden Oak Death."
Publisher: University of California, Integrated Hardwood Range Management Program
Resource Type: Proceedings
State: California

164. Oculina Bank - Geology of a Deep-Water Coral Reef Habitat off Florida
Resource Identifier: http://pubs.usgs.gov/factsheet/fs108-99/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey
Subject: coral reefs, habitats, overfishing, trawling, environmental restoration, human impact, fishes, marine environments, fishery industry
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Florida, Oculina Bank; coral reefs; habitat; limestone pinnacles ; reef-dwelling fish; gag grouper; Shelf-edge prominences; coral transplantation ; dredging
Description: Fact sheet provides information about Oculina varicosa which is a fragile, branching coral and grows only on the limestone pinnacles. Three decades of dredging and trawling in the Florida area had crushed many of the delicate corals. The scientists concluded that recovery of the overfished grouper population would not be possible without the restoration of the Oculina Bank habitat.
Publisher: United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Florida

165. Oklahoma Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.okcc.state.ok.us/Divisions/Mine_Reclamation/mine_reclamation.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Oklahoma Conservation Commission, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Oklahoma; mining; environmental restoration; land reclamation; coal; government programs

166. Oklahoma, Division of Bird Habitat Conservation
Resource Identifier: http://birdhabitat.fws.gov/nawca/projects/USprojects/OK.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Bird Habitat Conservation
Subject: birds, migratory birds, habitats, wetlands, conservation, financing, development projects, wildlife, wildlife management, environmental restoration, aquatic birds, breeding, winter, water quality, population decline, population number
Uncontrolled Keywords: wading birds, brood-rearing habitat, uplands, aqueduct, shorebirds, wading birds, ducks, geese, sandhill cranes, grassland birds
Description: A list of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, as authorized under the North American Wetlands Conservation Act, approved projects.
Publisher: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans
State: Oklahoma

167. Old Growth and Biodiversity Stewardship Fact Sheet for Michigan
Resource Identifier: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/IC4236_23007_7.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Forest Mineral And Fire Management Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Subject: old growth, biodiversity, forests, resource management, ecosystem recovery, environmental restoration, planning, government programs
Description: Michigan is one of the first states to formally develop a plan that specifically addresses native old growth forest condition and biodiversity restoration on state-owned forest lands and other state owned lands (such as state park and recreation areas). This fact sheet describes the old growth/bio-diversity stewardship (OG/BS) program with sections on: criteria for OG/BS designation, public involvement, planning process, design and criteria phase, resource selection phase, and timeline.
Publisher: Forest Mineral And Fire Management Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Michigan

168. Old-Growth Forests of Southern Ontario
Resource Identifier: http://www.lrconline.com/Extension_Notes_English/pdf/oldgwth.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Land Owner Resource Center
Contributor: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Eastern Ontario Model Forest
Subject: forests, old growth, succession, population structure, community composition, natural disturbance, biodiversity, environmental restoration, ecosystem recovery
Description: This Extension Note provides information on the characteristics of old-growth forests and the many species that depend on these features for survival. Sections include: Loss of Old-Growth, What Did Southern Ontario's Old-Growth Forests Look Like, Structure of Old-Growth Forests, Composition of Old-Growth Forests, Natural Disturbances Shaped the Old-Growth Forest, Importance of Diversity, Restoring Old-Growth, Life in the Old-Growth Forest.
Publisher: Land Owner Resource Center
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

169. On Sparing Farmland and Spreading Forest
Resource Identifier: http://phe.rockefeller.edu/SAF_Forest/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Jesse H. Ausubel
Subject: intensive farming, forests, land use, farms, agricultural technology, agricultural production, crop yield, precision farming, forestry, environmental restoration
Description: Farmers have so successfully learned to extract more crop from a given area that land needed for agriculture is shrinking, even as people become more numerous and eat better. In many countries forests have begun to enlarge, as farmers spare land and foresters also shift from extensive to intensive strategies. This great reversal in land use could forerun a great restoration of the landscape by 2050, expanding the global forest by 10 percent, about 300 million hectares or the area of India.
Publisher: Program for the Human Environment, The Rockefeller University
Resource Type: Recommended Practices, Presentations

170. Operational Strategy of the Global Environment Facility: International Waters
Resource Identifier: http://www.gefweb.org/PUBLIC/opstrat/ch4.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Global Environment Facility
Subject: coral reefs, environmental management, international waters, marine pollution, water quality, aquatic organisms, environmental protection, developing countries, invasive species, environmental degradation, habitats, fishing vessels, fishery industry, overexploitation, freshwater environments, marine environments, economics, health, ecosystem management, international agreements, biodiversity, hydrology, environmental restoration, climatic change, sustainable development, eutrophication, toxicity, contaminants
Uncontrolled Keywords: trans-boundary pollution; operational programs
Description: The GEF's objective in the international waters focal area is to contribute primarily as a catalyst to the implementation of a more comprehensive, ecosystem-based approach in managing international waters and their drainage basins as a means to achieve global environmental benefits. The GEF will act as a catalyst to ensure that countries better understand the functioning of their international waters systems, gain an appreciation of how their sectoral activities influence the water environment, and find means for collaborating with neighboring countries to collectively pursue effective solutions. As such, the GEF will primarily fund the transactions costs of these learning processes so that countries may make changes in the ways that human activities are conducted in different sectors and make priority environmental interventions. The aim is to overcome barriers to action so that the capacity of any particular waterbody to sustainably support human activities is not exceeded.
Publisher: Global Environment Facility
Resource Type: Management Plans

171. Oregon Aquatic Habitat: Restoration and Enhancement Guide
Resource Identifier: http://www.oweb.state.or.us/pdfs/habguide99/habguide99-complete.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Oregon Plan for Salmon and Watersheds, Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board
Subject: aquatic environments, habitat improvement, environmental restoration, regeneration (ecosystems), land ownership, standards, land use, salmon, government regulations, planning
Description: This handbook is designed to facilitate and encourage habitat restoration across all land uses and ownerships under the Oregon Plan for Salmon and Watersheds (OPSW). Purpose of the guide: 1) To provide information as part of the OPSW to watershed councils, landowners and other interests to help them develop effective restoration projects across all land uses and ownerships. 2) To define aquatic restoration and to identify and encourage aquatic habitat restoration techniques that restore salmonids. 3) To define standards and priorities that will be considered for approving State funded or authorized restoration projects. 4) To identify state and federal regulatory requirements and available assistance for completing restoration projects.
Publisher: Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board
Resource Type: Laws and Regulations, Management Plans, Recommended Practices
State: Oregon

172. Oyster Reef Restoration Projects
Resource Identifier: http://www.vims.edu/fish/oyreef/rest.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Uncontrolled Keywords: habitat improvement; oyster reefs; environmental protection; ecological restoration; ecological associations; USA, Chesapeake Bay

173. Palouse-Clearwater Environmental Institute
Resource Identifier: http://www.pcei.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Palouse-Clearwater Environmental Institute
Subject: environmental education, conservation, environmental restoration, watersheds, wetlands, agriculture, pollution, transportation, community involvement, community organizations
Description: The mission of the Palouse-Clearwater Environmental Institute (PCEI) is to increase citizen involvement in decisions that affect the region's (Idaho and eastern Washington) environment. The Institute has programs in Community Agriculture, Watershed Restoration, Environmental Education, and Transportation.
Publisher: Palouse-Clearwater Environmental Institute
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Idaho, Washington

174. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Resource Identifier: http://www.pwrc.nbs.gov/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Geological Survey- Biological Resources Division
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecosystem disturbance; endangered species; environmental restoration; Patuxent Wildlife Research Center; species composition

175. Peggy Fong
Resource Identifier: http://research.mednet.ucla.edu/cfm/lifesci/OBEEfacultyindiv.cfm? Faculty Key=1116
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Peggy Fong, University of California, Los Angeles
Subject: coral reefs, education, oceanography, research, marine ecology, coastal ecosystems, ecosystem models, simulation, populations, ecology, nutrient dynamics, environmental restoration, ecology, statistical analysis
Uncontrolled Keywords: experimental design, disturbance ecology, macroalgal community, seagrass community
Description: Research interests and publications by Peggy Fong.
Publisher: University of California, Los Angeles
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

176. Pend Oreille Conservation District
Resource Identifier: http://www.pocd.org/main.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Pend Oreille Conservation District
Subject: resource management, water conservation, soil conservation, land ownership, land use, natural resources, conservation, environmental protection, environmental restoration
Description: The Pend Oreille Conservation District (POCD) is a "grass roots" alliance of volunteer landowners, non-profit corporations, private businesses, scientific organizations, conservation and environmental agencies. Its activities and partnerships initiate or augment land and water management practices which conserve and renew natural resources in Pend Oreille County. It is one of nearly fifty conservation districts in the State of Washington working with private landowners to improve the renewable resources on their properties. Natural resource stewardship begins with individuals, on their own land. The district offers cooperating landowners assistance in protecting, restoring, and enhancing these assets.
Publisher: Pend Oreille Conservation District
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

177. Pennsylvania Bureau of Abandoned Mine Reclamation
Resource Identifier: http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/minres/bamr/bamr.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Harrisburg, PA, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Pennsylvania; mining; land reclamation; environmental restoration; pollution clean-up; acidic wastes; water quality control

178. Physiographic Area Plan: Subtropical Florida
Resource Identifier: http://www.blm.gov/wildlife/pl_01sum.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Bureau of Land Management, Office of Public Affairs
Subject: birds, habitats, ecology, disturbance, forests, fires, vegetation, biodiversity, seasons, marshes, prairies, hurricanes, populations, grasslands, mangroves, conservation, population growth, agriculture, land use, management, environmental restoration, deciduous forests
Uncontrolled Keywords: pine forests, tropical ecosystems, everglades
Description: Maps and description of the physiographic area of subtropic Florida. Details about its sub-regions and ecological disturbances. Also, links to fact sheets and images of various priority bird populations and habitats.
Publisher: United States Bureau of Land Management, Office of Public Affairs
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Internet Map Services, Site Conservation Plans
State: Florida

179. Phytoremediation
Resource Identifier: http://www.engg.ksu.edu/HSRC/phytorem/home.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Army Corps of Engineers
Uncontrolled Keywords: phytoremediation; groundwater; explosives; pollution cleanup; wetlands; environmental restoration; biotechnology

180. Pied-Billed Grebe
Resource Identifier: http://dep.state.ct.us/burnatr/wildlife/factshts/pbgrebe.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Subject: birds, aquatic birds, endangered species, life history, habitats, geographical distribution, reproduction, marshes, food, winter, breeding seasons, nests, nesting behavior, population decline, wetlands, diving, territorial behavior, government agencies, legislation, environmental restoration, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: bird morphology, marine habitats
Description: Fact sheet for pied billed grebe. Information about its identification, physical characteristics, status, distribution, reproduction, decline, life history, facts, protective legislation and nesting activities are detailed.
Publisher: Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Internet Map Services

181. Plant Conservation Alliance
Resource Identifier: http://www.nps.gov/plants/index.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Plant Conservation Alliance, Bureau of Land Management, 1849 C Street NW, LSB-204, Washington, D.C. 20240
Uncontrolled Keywords: botanical resources; nature conservation; introduced species; plant populations; environmental protection; plant control; rare species; endangered species; environmental restoration

182. Pocomoke River
Resource Identifier: http://www.amrivers.org/20-3.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: American Rivers, 1025 Vermont Avenue, NW, Suite 720, Washington, D.C. 20005
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Pocomoke river; environmental restoration; freshwater environments; nutrient loading; ecosystem management; environmental impact; water discharge; microbes; Pfiesteria piscicida; effluents; waste disposal; industrial wastes; water pollution; rivers

183. Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in

California’s Changing Landsca
Resource Identifier: http://danr.ucop.edu/ihrmp/proceed/symproc01.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Richard B. Standiford, Douglas McCreary, Kathryn L. Purcell
Subject: hardwoods, rangelands, conservation, public policy, sustainable development, ecology, environmental restoration, diseases, resource management, planning, ecosystems
Description: The fifth oak symposium was designed to provide a forum for current research and outstanding case studies on oak woodland conservation and sustainability in California. The previous conferences -- held in 1979, 1986, 1990, and 1996 -- serve as rich sources information about a wide range of subjects on oak ecology, management, uses, planning and conservation. This conference is aimed at natural resource managers, researchers, policy makers, and public and private interest groups. Seventy-two papers are presented in the proceedings. Topics covered include: grazing relations, soil relations, Garry oak conservation, oak regeneration and restoration, fire relations, wildlife relations, urban forestry, oak woodland policy, genetic factors, monitoring, ecology, and a special session on "Sudden Oak Death."
Publisher: Integrated Hardwood Range Management Program, University of California
Resource Type: Proceedings
State: California

184. Proposed Old Growth And Biodiversity Stewardship Planning Process and

Draft Criteria for Michigan's State Forests
Resource Identifier: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/oldgrowthrpt_23005_7.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Subject: old growth, biodiversity, forests, resource management, criteria, planning, environmental restoration, ecosystem recovery, public policy, indigenous species, land use
Description: With this report, the Michigan Department of Natural resources is attempting to bring clarity of purpose and policy to the old growth debate by beginning a process for establishing criteria and guidance for contemporary old growth and biodiversity management by the MDNR. The proposals for old growth management in this report are intended to restore a representation of those native forested ecosystems and vegetation communities that were destroyed over a century or more ago. To this end, two key design documents have been developed to guide the Department in developing and implementing a statewide restoration effort on state forest and other state owned lands. The first document proposes criteria containing eight design elements, including the use of land-type associations, species age, size and species scarcity. The second document proposes the establishment of land use guidelines for MDNR land managers. Additionally, a public participation strategy is proposed that will allow the MDNR to seek extensive public input on how to best plan, design and implement a statewide old growth and biodiversity plan that restores a representative portion of Michigan’s original native forest vegetation communities, ecosystems and native biodiversity
Publisher: Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: Michigan

185. Rainforest CRC
Resource Identifier: http://www.rainforest-crc.jcu.edu.au/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management
Subject: rain forests, tropical forests, research programs, education, interdisciplinary research, resource management, indigenous populations, conservation, planning, environmental restoration
Description: The Rainforest CRC is a research and education partnership. The multi-faceted nature of the rainforest is reflected in the multi-disciplinary research of the Centre, which brings together a range of experts in an exciting portfolio covering the following key areas of research. - Environmental planning and management in rainforest regions. - Evaluating ecosystem goods and services in a dynamic landscape. - Rainforest visitation, business, interpretation and presentation. - Managing and monitoring impacts arising from rainforest access. - Rehabilitation and restoration, including riparian. - Conservation principles and management. - Aboriginal and collaborative management. Research delivery includes a mix of strategic and tactical research and the Centre also undertakes contract research for a broad range of clients with widely divergent needs and requirements.
Publisher: Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

186. Red River Meadow Restoration Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.redriver.uidaho.edu/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Red River Meadow Restoration Project
Subject: rivers, watersheds, meadows, environmental restoration, aquatic ecosystems, water quality, habitats, fishes, wildlife, wetlands
Uncontrolled Keywords: holistic
Description: This demonstration project is designed as a model to restore the Lower Red River Meadow, using a holistic watershed approach, to a naturally functioning wet meadow ecosystem. The project purpose is to increase the quality and quantity of fish and wildlife habitat, improve water quality, and promote watershed and river restoration education.
Publisher: College of Engineering, University of Idaho Boise
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans
State: Idaho

187. Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers
Resource Identifier: http://www.nwf.org/wildalive/woodpecker/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Wildlife Federation, 8925 Leesburg Pike, Vienna, VA 22184,USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: red-cockaded woodpeckers; Picoides borealis; population; USA; description; pine trees; habitat; environmental restoration; environment management; endangered species; threats

188. Region 10 Superfund: Tulalip Landfill
Resource Identifier: http://yosemite.epa.gov/r10/cleanup.nsf/9f3c21896330b4898825687b007a0f33/d449

2f7b40c9101b882565060082bc3f?OpenDocument
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Subject: CERCLA, pollution, pollution cleanup, environmental restoration, landfills, government programs
Description: Tulalip Landfill is a 147-acre site located on North Ebey Island, within the boundaries of the Tulalip Indian Reservation near Marysville, Washington. The landfill is surrounded by Ebey Slough to the north and Steamboat Slough to the south. Surface water from these sloughs flows into northern Puget Sound, a federally-designated national estuary that is a recognized habitat for shellfish and some endangered species, including salmon. The Tulalip Tribe leased land to the Seattle Disposal Company from 1964 to 1979. During that time, an estimated four million tons of commercial, industrial, and hospital waste were deposited in the landfill. In 1979, the landfill was closed. This site contains background information, facts sheets, news releases, documents, and contacts.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Resource Type: Case Studies, Fact Sheets, Issue Overviews
State: Washington

189. Regional Conservation Projects - Northwest Region
Resource Identifier: http://www.coastalamerica.gov/text/regions/nwregion.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Coastal America
Subject: coastal ecosystems, environmental restoration, environmental degradation, costs, shore protection, conservation, habitats
Description: Coastal America is committed to protecting, preserving, and restoring America's coastal heritage. In doing so, the organization supports projects in various regions in the United States - in this case the Northwest. Project summaries include: project description, problem being addressed, goals/benefits, partners, funding, legislative authorities, status, contacts.
Publisher: Coastal America
Resource Type: Site Conservation Plans
State: Idaho, Oregon, Washington

190. Regional Fisheries Enhancement Groups
Resource Identifier: http://wdfw.wa.gov/volunter/index.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Subject: salmon, stocks, populations, environmental restoration, habitat improvement, watersheds, public awareness, public sector, community involvement, education, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: recovery
Description: The 14 Regional Fisheries Enhancement Groups (RFEGs) share the unique role of working within their own communities across the state to recover salmon. The RFEGs have a common goal of restoring salmonid populations and habitat to their regions, relying on support in local communities. The RFEGs create dynamic partnerships with local, state and federal agencies, Native American tribes, local businesses, community members, and landowners. Through these collaborative efforts, RFEGs help lead their communities in successful restoration, education and monitoring projects. Each RFEG works within a specific geographic region based on watershed boundaries. Every group is a separate, nonprofit organization led by their own board of directors and supported by their members. Contains links to the RFEG web site as well as each individual RFEG web site, to key documents and reports, to volunteer information, to governance.
Publisher: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

191. Regulations Amending the Migratory Birds Regulations (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/1_pdf/2001-03-14.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
Subject: environmental regulations, migratory birds, birds, hunting, habitats, conservation,

population decline, biodiversity, survival, wetlands, environmental protection, environmental restoration, population number, farms, rivers, environmental impact
Uncontrolled Keywords: overabundant birds; artic wetland ecosystem; plant community , economic loss, harvest rates
Description: The goal of this regulation is to help to protect and restore the biological diversity of arctic wetland ecosystems of important migration and wintering areas by reducing the population size of overabundant snow goose populations.
Publisher: Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
Resource Type: Datasets, Laws and Regulations

192. Research in Parks
Resource Identifier: http://www.nps.gov/noca/rescat/rescat1.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: North Cascades National Park Service Complex
Subject: national parks, research, ecosystems, ecology, aquatic ecosystems, fires, geology, historical ecology, paleoecology, plants, habitats, natural resources, environmental restoration, social sciences, wilderness, resource management, wildlife management, requirements
Uncontrolled Keywords: catalog
Description: This catalog describes some of the applied research needs of Mount Rainier National Park, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, and Olympic National Park. This first edition is a work-in-progress; the list it provides is not intended to be all-inclusive. It is intended to encourage research, stimulate discussion, and facilitate new partnerships in science. In addition, the catalog describes how to apply for a research permit, who to contact, and the support available to scientists in each park. The catalog is arranged by broad subject areas, including aquatic ecology, fire ecology, geology, historical studies, paleoecology, plant ecology, natural areas, restoration ecology, social science, wilderness management, and wildlife ecology. Each subject area is divided into smaller resource issues that are summarized in a background statement. Following each background statement is the Park Focus identifying which parks are interested in research on this issue. Finally, a series of research questions or topics is presented for the resource issue. If park data is available on the resource issue, it's summarized after the research questions.
Publisher: North Cascades National Park Service Complex
Resource Type: Checklists and Identification Guides, Issue Overviews, Management Plans
State: Washington

193. Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program - Northwest Region
Resource Identifier: http://www.darcnw.noaa.gov/homepage.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Subject: environmental restoration, natural resources, water pollution, contaminants, hazardous materials, damage, environmental assessment, coastal environments, marine environments, oil spills, government programs, planning
Uncontrolled Keywords: compensation
Description: The mission of the Damage Assessment and Restoration Program (DARP) is to restore coastal and ocean resources that have been injured by releases of oil or hazardous substances and to obtain compensation for the public for their losses. DARP's Northwest Regional office is responsible for ongoing natural resource damage assessments and restoration in the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Alaska.
Publisher: Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington

194. Restoration of Mangrove Habitat
Resource Identifier: http://www.wes.army.mil/el/wrtc/wrp/tnotes/vnrs3-2.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Roy Robin Lewis III, Bill Stre
Subject: mangroves, wetlands, habitats, environmental restoration, regeneration (ecosystems), ecology
Description: This technical note provides general guidelines for restoration of mangrove habitat. Ecological restoration of mangrove habitat is feasible, has been done on a large scale in various parts of the world, and can be done cost-effectively. The simple application of the five steps to successful mangrove restoration described here would at least ensure an analytical thought process and less use of "gardening" of mangroves as the solution to all mangrove restoration problems. Sections include: background, costs, restoration techniques, hydrology, planting.
Publisher: Waterways Experiment Station, Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Recommended Practices

195. Restoration of Threatened Wetlands
Resource Identifier: http://www.qc.ec.gc.ca/faune/faune/html/restoration.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Environment Canada, 351 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, K1A 0H3,Canada
Uncontrolled Keywords: threatened wetlands; environmental restoration; wildlife management; Saint-Laurent river; ecosystem recovery; environment management; Canada; language; wildlife conservation

196. Restore America's Estuaries
Resource Identifier: http://www.estuaries.org/
Cataloging Node: Central Southwest/Gulf Coast Information Node
Creator: Restore America's Estuaries
Subject: estuaries, bays, environmental restoration, wetlands, conservation, private sector
Description: Restore America's Estuaries is a national nonprofit organization established in 1995. Our mission is to preserve the nation's network of estuaries by protecting and restoring the lands and waters essential to the richness and diversity of coastal life. Our sphere of work includes: On-the-ground restoration projects as part of a national campaign to restore one million acres of coastal and estuarine habitat by the year 2010. Production of an array of collaborative tools and resources to guide the restoration process, including A National Strategy to Restore Coastal and Estuarine Habitat, Funding for Habitat Restoration Projects: A Citizen's Guide and Principles of Estuarine Habitat Restoration. Uniting the national restoration community, key decision makers and local citizens through our biennial national conference and through our national outreach efforts. In this new age of restoration, we commit ourselves to acting as the cohesive force and guiding beacon for coastal and estuarine habitat restoration across the country.
Publisher: Restore America's Estuaries
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

197. Restoring Conservation Forests in Northern Thailand and the Monitoring

of Frugivorous Birds: 1
Resource Identifier: http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/features/frugivor.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: David Blakesley, Stephen Elliott
Subject: birds, forests, deforestation, conservation, environmental restoration, logging, watersheds, environmental protection, ecosystems
Uncontrolled Keywords: frugivorous birds; black-and-yellow broadbills
Description: An overview of deforestation in Thailand and restoring conservation forests.
Publisher: Oriental Bird Club
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

198. Restoring Life to the Dead Zone: Addressing Gulf Hypoxia, a National Problem (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.nwrc.gov/factshts/hypoxia.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center, 700 Cajundome Boulevard, Lafayette, Louisiana 70506
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental restoration; nutrient concentrations; hypoxia; agricultural wastes; fertilizers; food chains; algal blooms; Gulf of Mexico

199. Restoring Old-Growth Features To Managed Forests In Southern Ontario
Resource Identifier: http://www.lrconline.com/Extension_Notes_English/pdf/rstr_oldgwth.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Land Owner Resource Center
Contributor: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Eastern Ontario Model Forest
Subject: forests, old growth, environmental restoration, ecosystem recovery, understory, succession, trees, wildlife, environmental health
Description: This Extension Note provides information on ways of restoring the diversity and increasing the number of old growth features in managed forests, while maintaining their ability to provide timber, fuelwood, maple syrup, nuts and places for recreation. Sections include: Benefits of Restoring Old-Growth Features, Restoration Builds on Natural Processes, Speeding Succession, Rebuilding the Forest Floor, Creating and Protecting Wildlife Trees, Features of a Healthy Diverse Forest.
Publisher: Land Owner Resource Center
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

200. Restoring the Provincial Forest Ecosystem in Temagami, Ontario
Resource Identifier: http://www.ancientforest.org/rr10.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Peter A. Quinby
Subject: old growth, forests, conservation, planning, environmental restoration, genetic diversity, public policy, planning, logging, environmental protection
Description: It is proposed that white and red pine forest be officially designated as Ontario's Provincial Forest Ecosystem, that all of Temagami's remaining white and red pine forest be protected and that white and red pine forest in Temagami be restored to pre-settlement levels. This proposal is supported by government policy, scientific evidence and public demand. In the Contingency Forest Management Plan (CFM) for the Temagami Management Unit (TMU), the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) has made a commitment to (1) "maintain genetic diversity within tree species", (2) "ensure continued existence of ecological units [by protecting] rare forest complexes", and (3) "move towards a natural level of biodiversity using our knowledge of the pre-settlement forest as a guide". Despite these commitments, however, the MNR has made a total of 2,431 hectares of white and red pine forest available for logging over the next two years. Of this total, 325 hectares is endangered old-growth white and red pine forest. This amount of old-growth white pine forest is slightly less than the known old-growth white pine forest in all the other provinces of Canada combined.
Publisher: Ancient Forest Exploration and Research
Resource Type: Case Studies, Management Plans

201. Richard R. Vance
Resource Identifier: http://research.mednet.ucla.edu/cfm/lifesci/OBEEfacultyindiv.cfm? Faculty Key=1136
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Richard R. Vance, University of California, Los Angeles
Subject: coastal ecosystems, marine ecosystems, environmental restoration, salt marshes, endangered species, coral reefs, population dynamics, estuaries , plants, fishes
Uncontrolled Keywords: toxic metals; sludge recycling; fertilizers; gobies; competitive coexistence; light use; reef fish
Description: Research interests and publications by Richard R. Vance.
Publisher: University of California, Los Angeles
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

202. Riparian Forest Buffers
Resource Identifier: http://www.chesapeakebay.net/ripar1.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Chesapeake Bay Program
Subject: riparian forests, bays, environmental restoration, resource management, rivers, streams, coasts, pollution control, conservation, water quality, watersheds
Uncontrolled Keywords: riparian buffers
Description: In 2003, the Chesapeake Bay Program established a new, expanded riparian forest buffer goal. The new goal commits to restoring 10,000 miles by 2010. The new goal also includes several new components: - A long term goal of restoring riparian forest buffers on at least 70% of all streams and shorelines; - Working with at least 5 jurisdictions per state to complete an assessment of their urban forest, adopt a local goal to increase urban tree canopy cover, and encourage measures to attain the goal; - Ensuring that buffers have well-stocked stands of trees after five years; - Advancing the effort to conserve existing forested buffers; - Restoring and conserving buffers on public lands and on private lands through programs that protect land from development; and - Revising each Bay signatory’s Riparian Buffer Implementation Plan.
Publisher: Chesapeake Bay Program
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

203. Role of Fire in Nongame Wildlife Management and Community Restoration:

Traditional Uses and New Directions - Proceedings of a Special Workshop
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/newtown_square/publications/technical_

reports/pdfs/2002/gtrne288.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: W. Mark Ford, Kevin R. Russell, Christopher E. Moorman
Subject: fires, wildlife, controlled burning, habitats, resource management, arthropods, birds, amphibians, herpetofauna, birds, environmental restoration, herbicides
Description: Fire is a major influence shaping wildlife habitats in the eastern United States. Lightning and Indian-ignited fires burned frequently and extensively over the pre-Columbian landscape and shaped the character of numerous ecosystems. Depending upon the frequency, intensity, and severity of the fires, various assemblages of plants developed along environmental gradients, creating a shifting mosaic of habitats for wildlife. For millennia, fire was a major ecological process, mostly burning as frequent, light to moderate intensity surface fires in some ecosystems and as intense, stand-replacing fires in others. Within the past 100 years, fire has been excluded from most of the East and fire-maintained habitats have dramatically declined. In many cases, wildlife species dependent on these habitats are in decline or experiencing dangerously low numbers. Unfortunately, the trend toward a relaxation of bans on burning may soon be reversed due to the adverse publicity from recent disastrous fire in the West. This symposium attempted to synthesize the widely scattered information and disparate databases that exist regarding the role of fire for managing nongame wildlife and relictual communities. Accordingly, this symposium drew upon the expertise of regional and nationally recognized wildlife scientists, resource managers, and fire ecologists with papers presented on the historical background, current issues, ongoing management efforts, and research and management needs of prescribed burning for both eastern and western landscapes.
Publisher: Northeastern Research Station, Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Recommended Practices, Proceedings

204. Salmon Recovery
Resource Identifier: http://www.wa.gov/wdfw/recovery.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Subject: environmental restoration, public sector, public awareness, ecosystem recovery, education, public policy, hatcheries, harvesting, planning, community involvement, organizations, salmon
Description: As one of the state's overriding environmental challenges, the job of restoring troubled wild salmon stocks involves every Washington citizen. This web site is intended to provide natural resource managers, local governments, volunteers, educators and other citizens with the information and resources they need to become effective participants in salmon recovery. Includes: hatcheries, harvest, local recovery planning support, fish facts, habitat technical assistance, educational material, links to organizations involved in fish recovery.
Publisher: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Issue Overviews, Laws and Regulations, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices
State: Washington

205. SalmonWeb
Resource Identifier: http://www.salmonweb.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: SalmonWeb
Subject: watersheds, salmon, monitoring, standardization, models, streams, rivers, environmental restoration, volunteers, public awareness, education, habitats
Description: NOTE: SalmonWeb ceased active operations on June 29, 2001. However, the organization plans to communicate future activities and decisions related to the future of SalmonWeb through the website which will remain active. The purpose of the SalmonWeb is to create, distribute, and coordinate a set of tools that support education, communication, and ecological science focusing on salmon habitat. These tools include this web page with attached database that allows access to biomonitoring data and networking opportunities and a monitoring video showing in detail how and why to conduct biomonitoring. The objective is to harness and coordinate the efforts of citizen and student groups in the Northwest, creating a "virtual" community aimed at preserving and restoring wild salmon and their habitat throughout the region.
Publisher: SalmonWeb
Resource Type: Datasets, Databases and Information Systems, Internet Map Services, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices
State: Washington

206. Savannah River Site Home Page
Resource Identifier: http://www.srs.gov
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Department of Energy
Uncontrolled Keywords: economics; environmental restoration; hazardous wastes; National Environmental Policy Act; radioactive wastes; technology transfer; waste management

207. Seagrass Restoration in the Galveston Bay Estuary
Resource Identifier: http://gbep.tamug.tamu.edu/SOBS/SOBSpapers/Sheridan.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Pete Sheridan, National Marine Fisheries Service
Subject: environmental restoration, habitats, plant structures, marine environments, estuaries, aquatic plants, botany, rhizomes, germination, biomass, fishes, crustaceans, predators, human impact, fertilizers, survival, research, coastal development, planting depth, planting density
Uncontrolled Keywords: seagrass; aquatic vegetation; flowering plants, habitat decline, dredging, shoot density, peat pot methods, seagrass plugs, sediment, planting success, injector boats
Description: Information Galveston Island State Park (GISP) experimental restoration projects which evaluated the utility of seagrass restoration methods through seagrass planting conducted using broadcast, plug, and injector boat methods.
Publisher: Texas A&M University
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Recommended Practices
State: Texas

208. SERCAL - California Society for Ecological Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.sercal.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: SERCAL, 2701 20th Street, Bakersfield, CA 93301-3334, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, California; ecosystem management; environmental restoration; nature conservation; databases

209. Skagit Conservation District
Resource Identifier: http://www.skagitcd.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Skagit Conservation District
Subject: conservation, government programs, natural resources, resource management, public policy, planning, water quality, ground water, surface water, watersheds, riparian environments, forests, wildlife, habitats, environmental restoration, agriculture, land use, education
Description: As legal sub-divisions of Washington State government, conservation districts are self-governed by volunteers who establish priorities and set policy. The Skagit Conservation District (SCD) is composed of local farmers, landowners, and concerned citizens and is dedicated to maintaining Skagit County's renewable natural resources. The SCD's priorities and goals include: Protection and improvement of surface and groundwater quality, Watershed planning and implementation, Riparian restoration and enhancement, Forest stewardship, Wildlife habitat enhancement, Conservation education, Protection and preservation of prime agricultural land, County government assistance.
Publisher: Skagit Conservation District
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

210. Skokomish: The Value of a River
Resource Identifier: http://www.ic.arizona.edu/~lansing/skokomish/skokintro.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Steve Lansing
Subject: watersheds, rivers, dams, salmon, environmental restoration, models, indigenous populations
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecological anthropology, alternative management scenarios
Description: The Skokomish river was once the largest and most productive salmon river in Puget Sound. In 1930, despite the opposition of the Skokomish Tribe, the City of Tacoma built two dams on the North Fork of the river, and diverted the flow into a pipe to drive a hydropower plant. The resources available from this Web site (an article, a videotape and a simulation model) were developed in support of the Tribe's efforts to restore the river to its banks. The model enables users to evaluate the economic and ecological effects of alternative management scenarios for the Skokomish River. You will need to obtain a free run-time version of the Stella modelling software in order to run this model. (The site provides instructions on downloading the software.)
Publisher: Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona
Resource Type: Case Studies, Issue Overviews, Tools and Software
State: Washington

211. Snohomish Conservation District
Resource Identifier: http://www.snohomishcd.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Snohomish Conservation District
Subject: conservation, natural resources, government programs, resource management, planning, farms, agriculture, dairy farms, education, outreach programs, habitats, environmental restoration
Description: Conservation districts are a nationwide, grassroots conservation agency. There are 48 districts in Washington State. All are governed by a local board of supervisors, elected or appointed, consisting of local residents. All conservation districts work with landowners on a voluntary, non-regulatory basis, to address resource issues involving agriculture, forestry, wetlands, wildlife/fisheries, soil and water. Snohomish Conservation District provides the following services to residents and farmers: Small Farm Cost-Share Assistance, Dairy Engineering/Technical Assistance, Workshops, Classes, Tours, Natural Resource Management and Planning, Farm Planning, Native Plant Sale, Youth Programs, Habitat Restoration Planning and Cost Share Assistance.
Publisher: Snohomish Conservation District
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

212. So a Mighty Oak Can Grow (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.partnersinflight.org/pubs/birdcons/14pgs6-7.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Partners in Flight
Subject: birds, migratory birds, habitats, environmental restoration, landscape, vegetation, wildlife, monitoring
Uncontrolled Keywords: oak habitat; habitat loss, land birds
Description: Information about the Garry oaks woodlands where a large percentage of the historical range of oak woodlands has been lost due to urbanization, agricultural and forestry conversion, fire suppression and invasion of exotic species. The solution was for immediate conservation actions by a coalition of groups and agencies from British Columbia, Oregon, and Washington.
Publisher: Partners in Flight
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans
State: Oregon, Washington

213. Society for Conservation Biology
Resource Identifier: http://conbio.rice.edu/scb
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: biological diversity; conservation; education; environmental management; environmental restoration; interdisciplinary communication; natural resources; scientific societies

214. Society for Conservation Biology Newsletter
Resource Identifier: http://conbio.rice.edu/scb/newsletter/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Center for Conservation Biology Network, Rice University
Uncontrolled Keywords: newsletters; biological diversity; conservation; education; environmental management; environmental restoration; natural resources

215. Soil Rehabilitation Guidebook
Resource Identifier: http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/tasb/legsregs/fpc/FPCGUIDE/soilreha/rehabtoc.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: British Columbia Ministry of Forests
Subject: forests, forestry, resource management, planning, government regulations, soils, soil remediation, soil conservation, watersheds, environmental restoration
Description: This guidebook provides information that will help forestry practitioners -- and in particular those who are preparing soil rehabilitation plans -- meet the Forest Practices Code requirements. The guidebook focuses on answering the following questions: - en is a soil rehabilitation plan required? - What are the format and content requirements of soil rehabilitation plans? - What factors should be considered in drafting plans for successful soil rehabilitation? The information provided here can also be applied to backlog rehabilitation or watershed restoration projects.
Publisher: British Columbia Ministry of Forests
Resource Type: Laws and Regulations, Recommended Practices

216. South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) : Supporting the South Florida

Ecosystem Restoration Effort
Resource Identifier: http://www.sofia.usgs.gov/
Cataloging Node: Central Southwest/Gulf Coast Information Node
Creator: Heather S. Henkel
Subject: Ecosystems, environmental restoration, water quality, wildlife restoration, bays, estuaries, coasts
Description: The SOFIA website provides scientific information in support of research, decision-making, and resource management for the South Florida ecosystem restoration effort.
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Resource Type: Bibliographies and Web Indexes, Case Studies, Databases and Information Systems, Datasets
State: Florida

217. Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Counsil (SE-EPPC)
Resource Identifier: http://www.se-eppc.org/
Cataloging Node: NBII Program Office
Creator: Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Counsel (SE-EPPC)
Subject: Botany, Horticulture, Invasive plants, Weeds, Invasive species, Plants, Introduced plants, Introduced species, Environmental impact, Environmental restoration, Flora restoration, Biological control, Weed control, Land improvement, Resource conservation, Resource management, Ecosystem recovery, Identification, Organizations, Conservation organizations
Description: Include links to Tennessee, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Mid-Atlantic, and New England EPPCs.
Publisher: The Bugwood Network, The University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Warnell School of Forest Resources
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Digital Photographs, Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices, Journal Articles
State: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee

218. Southern Appalachian Forest Coalition
Resource Identifier: http://www.safc.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Southern Appalachian Forest Coalition
Subject: forests, conservation, land use, forests, environmental restoration, ecosystem management, public awareness, education, political action, protected areas, old growth, roads, habitats, organizations
Description: Originally created by conservation groups who believed a regional voice was needed to address the increasing threats facing our Southern Appalachian public lands. Today we have created a compelling conservation vision for the 21st Century; greater regional representation in Washington DC; and have helped strengthen twenty-one national, regional and grassroots organizations spanning the six states of Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. Through SAFC’s Conservation Vision and with our growing list of members and partners, we work to: Improve management of the 4.6 million acres of public land in the region -- especially roadless areas, old growth forests, and key habitats; Add acres to our protected landscape through public and voluntary private actions; Strengthen grassroots organizations and citizen leadership in the region.
Publisher: Southern Appalachian Forest Coalition
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

219. Southern Rockies Restoration Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.earthisland.org/srwn/srrp.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: SRRP, P.O. Box 1351, Boulder, CO 80306-1351, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental restoration; management; USA; Rocky Mountains; habitat improvement; land reclamation; water reclamation; watersheds; New Mexico; Colorado

220. Southwest Forest Alliance
Resource Identifier: http://www.swfa.org/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Southwest Forest Alliance
Subject: forests, old growth, resource management, conservation, public policy, political action, planning, education, regeneration (ecosystems), environmental restoration, public awareness
Description: The Southwest Forest Alliance is a Flagstaff based forest advocacy group that since 1994 has focused on grassroots organizing within the environmental community in Arizona and New Mexico. The Southwest Forest Alliance was formed to develop a scientifically based vision for restoring degraded forest ecosystems and to seek public support for this vision. These efforts have focused on the protection of old growth forests and damaged watersheds. An integral part of the SWFA's campaign includes public education and grassroots organization within local forest dependent communities. The collaboration between sixty community and environmental organizations resulted in a shared vision entitled "Forests Forever!". "Forests Forever!", published in 1996, provided a scientifically based plan to restore ecological and economic integrity to national forests and forest dependent communities in both Arizona and New Mexico.
Publisher: Southwest Forest Alliance
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Arizona, New Mexico

221. State of the Coast
Resource Identifier: http://state-of-coast.noaa.gov/bulletins/html/ccom_05/ccom.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: NOAA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: pollution, health, crustaceans, fishery industry, population growth, population density, fishing, fishes, coral reefs, invertebrates, coastal waters, oxygen depletion, algal blooms, toxicity, estuarine environments, environmental restoration, oil spills, monitoring, management
Uncontrolled Keywords: water pollution; coastal ecosystem; environmental quality; mussels; oysters; chemical contaminants; trace metals; commercial harvest; marine habitat; economic factors; human activities , eutrophic conditions, natural hazards
Description: Links to 17 essays on a variety of coastal topics.
Publisher: NOAA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Journal Articles

222. State of the Reefs, Regional and Global Perspectives
Resource Identifier: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/outreach/coral/sor/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Stephen Jameson, John McManus, Mark Spalding, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: coral reefs, coastal zone management, monitoring, marine pollution, coral bleaching, conservation, protected areas, ecosystem management, environmental degradation, mangroves, geographical distribution, seagrasses, biodiversity, human impact, fishery industry, fishery management, damage, pollution, construction, land use, exploitation, sewage, wastes, tourism, economics, conservation, environmental regulations, monitoring, mapping, environmental restoration, research, ecosystem management
Uncontrolled Keywords: sedimentation ; reef status; reef trends; threats; anthropogenic stress; natural disturbances; capacity building
Description: The status and trends of complete coral reef ecosystems around entire islands or reef tracts (e.g., the entire Florida reef tract) have never been comprehensively evaluated because of the complexity, length of time, and cost of such endeavors. Because of this lack of a comprehensive understanding of the status and trends of coral reef ecosystems on large scales, this report takes a very broad look at general patterns in the status and trends of these ecosystems today, the consequences of coral reef ecosystem degradation to human populations, and some of the major existing management and research programs.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Management Plans, Journal Articles

223. Stonycreek Conemaugh Rivers Improvement Project (SCRIP)
Resource Identifier: http://www.ctcnet.net/scrip/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: SCRIP, Johnstown PA, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: acidic wastes; coal mining; environmental restoration; mine drainage; recreation areas; USA, Pennsylvania; water quality

224. Stream Corridor Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.usda.gov/stream_restoration/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of Agriculture, Federal Interagency Stream Corridor Restoration Working Group, Washington, DC, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: stream corridors; ecosystem management; environmental restoration; government programs; sedimentation; nutrients; water quality control

225. Strengthening the Use of Science in Achieving the Goals of the Endangered Species Act
Resource Identifier: http://www.esa.org/publications/esarpt.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Ronald Carroll, Carol Augspurger, Andy Dobson, Jerry Franklin, Gordon Orians, Walter Reid, Richard Tracy, David Wilcove, J. Wilson, Jane Lubchenco
Subject: endangered species, biodiversity, niches, niche position, environmental restoration, habitats, habitat improvement, environmental planning, ecosystems, viability
Uncontrolled Keywords: Endangered Species Act, biological units, inclusive benefits, taxonomic distinctness, recovery, species listing, critical habitat, species recovery; umbrella species, Population Viability Analysis
Description: An analysis of how scientific information could be used more effectively to assist in the preservation of the Nation's biological resources through the Endangered Species Act.
Publisher: Ecological Society of America
Resource Type: Unpublished Documents

226. Study Plan - Consequences of Fire and Fire Surrogate Treatments - The Hungry Bob Project, Wallowa-Whitman National Forest
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/ffs/docs/studyplans2001/hbob2001.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Andrew Youngblood
Contributor: Jim McIver, Jane Haynes, Tom Quigley
Subject: forests, fires, controlled burning, thinning, evaluation, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem management, research programs, mitigation, economics, cost-benefit analysis, soils, wildlife, habitats, insects, diseases, environmental restoration, environmental impact, vegetation
Uncontrolled Keywords: fire surrogates, wildfire fuels, national forests
Description: This is one of the twelve study sites in the network of Fire and Fire Surrogate Treatments. Objectives of the Hungry Bob project are: 1) Assess the extent to which treatments reduce fuels. 2) Determine operation production rates and economics, and identify the principal factors that explain them. 3) Determine the value of timber products removed. 4) Identify how different stand conditions and fuel loadings effect the economics of operations and the value of resources removed. 5) Assess how treatments directly influence residual tree damage or mortality, vegetation, soil structure, soil chemistry, the soil and litter food web, wildlife habitat, and insect and disease populations. 6) Determine how treatment impacts on fuels, the chemical and physical properties of soils, and residual trees influence wildlife habitat and insect and disease populations. 7) Develop a matrix that identifies economic and environmental tradeoffs that occur among treatments.
Publisher: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Case Studies, Recommended Practices
State: Oregon

227. Study Plan for the Southern Cascades Site of the National Study of the Consequences of Fire and Fire Surrogate Treatments
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/ffs/docs/studyplans2001/scascades-study-plan2001.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Carl N. Skinner, Ralph Boerner, Chris Fettig, William Otrosina, Steve Zack
Subject: forests, fires, controlled burning, thinning, evaluation, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem management, research programs, soils, wildlife, habitats, insects, diseases, vegetation, environmental restoration, environmental impact
Uncontrolled Keywords: fire surrogates, wildfire fuels, national forests
Description: This is one of the twelve study sites of the Fire and Fire Surrogate Treatments program. The primary objectives of this study are: 1) Determine the effects of alternative cutting, burning, and cutting/burning treatments on tree growth, tree mortality, tree regeneration, and undergrowth species composition and abundance. 2) Determine the effects of alternative treatments on the type, volume, size, and distribution of fuel loadings over time and their effects on modeled fire behavior. 3) Determine the effects of alternative treatments on soil physical, chemical, and microbial properties. 4) Determine the effects of alternative treatments on nest productivity of birds, functional response of bark gleaners, and abundance and diversity of small mammals and herpetofauna. 5) Determine the effects of alternative treatments on bark beetle populations, prevalence of above- and below-ground pathogens, and associated tree mortality. 6) Determine the treatment costs and product revenues (if applicable) associated with alternative treatment scenarios.
Publisher: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Resource Type: Case Studies, Recommended Practices
State: California

228. Summaries of Major Laws Implemented by the National Marine Fisheries Service
Resource Identifier: http://cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/legislative/leg-11.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Eugene H. Buck, Congressional Research Service Reports
Subject: legislation, marine environments, fishery industry, anadromous species, research, freshwater environments, hatcheries, management, water bodies, fishes, wildlife, financing, fishery management, commercial fishing, endangered species, extinction, threatened species, diseases, predation, economics, aquatic animals, marine mammals, fishing vessels, marine mammals, population dynamics, ecology, ecosystems, stocks, human impact, mortality, monitoring, environmental protection, research, pollution, overfishing, natural resources, oil spills, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: appropriations, statutes, biological surveys, stream clearance, moratorium, habitat destruction, habitat modification, disaster relief funds, jurisdictions, foreign harvest, domestic offshore catch,
Description: This report summarizes the major laws implemented by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), with divisions into five categories: a) laws for which Congress authorizes specific annual appropriations, b) laws for which Congress has permanently or indefinitely authorized appropriations, c) laws implementing international treaties or agreements, d) laws wherein NMFS provides consultation or acts as a trustee, and e) other laws. In many of these enactments where the Secretary of Commerce is specifically authorized or directed to take action, NMFS has been delegated the authority to implement the provision or take specific action.
Publisher: National Council for Science and the Environment
Resource Type: Laws and Regulations, Management Plans

229. Surf Your Watershed - Idaho
Resource Identifier: http://aee.ag.uidaho.edu/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Subject: watersheds, monitoring, evaluation, environmental assessment, metropolitan areas, rivers, streams, water quality, water pollution, government programs, wetlands, environmental restoration, beaches, stream flow
Description: Surf Your Watershed is a service to help users locate, use, and share environmental information about a state and its watershed. Sections include: Assessments of Watershed Health (State Water Quality, State Impaired Waters Program), Environmental Information (Environmental Websites, River Corridors and Wetlands Restoration Efforts), Places Involving this State (Watersheds, Counties, American Heritage Rivers, National Estuary Programs), Drinking Water Information, Section 319 Success Stories, Beach Monitoring Sites, National Priorities List Sites, Bioassessment Projects Case Studies, Information provided by United States Geological Survey (Water Resources, Real-time Streamflow Data, Fact Sheets), Selected Real Time Air Pollution Data, National Watershed Network, Volunteer Monitoring Efforts, Catalog of Watershed Groups.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Idaho

230. Surf Your Watershed - Oregon
Resource Identifier: http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/state.cfm?statepostal=or
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Subject: watersheds, monitoring, evaluation, environmental assessment, metropolitan areas, rivers, streams, water quality, water pollution, government programs, wetlands, environmental restoration, beaches, stream flow
Description: Surf Your Watershed is a service to help users locate, use, and share environmental information about a state and its watershed. Sections include: Assessments of Watershed Health (State Water Quality, State Impaired Waters Program), Environmental Information (Environmental Websites, River Corridors and Wetlands Restoration Efforts), Places Involving this State (Watersheds, Counties, American Heritage Rivers, National Estuary Programs), Drinking Water Information, Section 319 Success Stories, Beach Monitoring Sites, National Priorities List Sites, Bioassessment Projects Case Studies, Information provided by United States Geological Survey (Water Resources, Real-time Streamflow Data, Fact Sheets), Selected Real Time Air Pollution Data, National Watershed Network, Volunteer Monitoring Efforts, Catalog of Watershed Groups.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Resource Type: Fact Sheets
State: Oregon

231. Surf Your Watershed - Washington
Resource Identifier: http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/state.cfm?statepostal=WA
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Subject: watersheds, monitoring, evaluation, environmental assessment, metropolitan areas, rivers, streams, water quality, water pollution, government programs, wetlands, environmental restoration, beaches, stream flow
Description: Surf Your Watershed is a service to help users locate, use, and share environmental information about a state and its watershed. Sections include: Assessments of Watershed Health (State Water Quality, State Impaired Waters Program), Environmental Information (Environmental Websites, River Corridors and Wetlands Restoration Efforts), Places Involving this State (Watersheds, Counties, American Heritage Rivers, National Estuary Programs), Drinking Water Information, Section 319 Success Stories, Beach Monitoring Sites, National Priorities List Sites, Bioassessment Projects Case Studies, Information provided by United States Geological Survey (Water Resources, Real-time Streamflow Data, Fact Sheets), Selected Real Time Air Pollution Data, National Watershed Network, Volunteer Monitoring Efforts, Catalog of Watershed Groups.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Washington

232. Taiga Rescue Network
Resource Identifier: http://www.taigarescue.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Taiga Rescue Network
Subject: taiga, forests, environmental protection, resource management, sustainable development, conservation, indigenous populations, education, research programs, political action, old growth, environmental restoration
Description: The mission of the Taiga Rescue Network is to support local struggles and strengthen the cooperation between individuals, NGOs and indigenous peoples and nations concerned with the protection, restoration and sustainable use of the world' boreal forests by means that ensure the integrity of natural processes and dynamics.
Publisher: Taiga Rescue Network
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

233. Taking the High Road to Forest Restoration: A Quality Jobs Approach
Resource Identifier: http://biodiversitynw.org/restoration/qualityjobs.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Chris van Daalen
Contributor: New Initiatives Working Group of the Alliance for Sustainable Jobs and the Environment
Subject: forests, forestry, environmental restoration, employment, sustainable development, resource development, environmental management, unemployment, globalization, international trade
Uncontrolled Keywords: Northwest Forest Plan, ecosystem restoration industry, high road, adaptive management
Description: A proposal for a new approach to sustainable development through the creation of jobs in support of environmental restoration. Public and private land managers are responding to the current economic and environmental problems by shifting priorities to forest restoration and ecosystem management. This shift offers hope for new high-skill, dependable family wage jobs in the context of revitalized communities and environmental stewardship-termed by some a "high-road" approach to forest restoration. This high-road approach could resolve the long-standing "jobs vs. the environment" conflict by creating quality jobs for the environment.
Publisher: Biodiversity Northwest
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Recommended Practices, Journal Articles

234. Tampa Bay Estuary Program - Saving Tampa Bay
Resource Identifier: http://www.tbep.org/
Cataloging Node: Central Southwest/Gulf Coast Information Node
Creator: Tampa Bay Estuary Program
Subject: Estuaries, bays, environmental restoration, wildlife restoration, wetlands, marshes, water pollution, estuarine pollution, marine pollution, pollution control, pollution effects, pollution sources, water conservation, water pollution control, water pollution treatment
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tampa Bay
Description: The Tampa Bay Estuary Program is charting the course for the preservation of the Tampa Bay Estuary system. The entire Tampa Bay region is also involved in saving the Bay. Site has press materials, materials for teachers, and link to TBEP Technical Website, which offers databases, GIS maps and files, and preliminary and final reports on issues addressed by TBEP and its partners.
Publisher: Tampa Bay Estuary Program
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles, Databases and Information Systems, Datasets, Fact Sheets, Issue Overviews, K-12 Curriculum and Lesson Plans, Internet Map Services, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Journal Articles
State: Florida

235. Technical Basis and Management Strategy for Reopening a Closed Shellfishing Area
Resource Identifier: http://www2.ncsu.edu/ncsu/CIL/WRRI/reports/report321.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: North Carolina State University, Water Resources Research Institute, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: aquaculture; environmental restoration; USA, North Carolina; fecal coliforms; watersheds; water quality control; microbial contamination

236. Tenyo Maru Oil Spill Off Washington Coast
Resource Identifier: http://www.darcnw.noaa.gov/tenyo.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Marine Fisheries Service Restoration Center
Subject: birds, environmental restoration, habitats, colonies, environmental protection, financing, oil spills, national parks, pollution, aquatic birds, education, nature reserves, natural resources, breeding sites, nests, conservation, distribution, wildlife
Uncontrolled Keywords: settlement; environmental assessment; Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary; Olympic National Park
Description: Summary of the Tenyo Maru oil spill and financial settlement used to reimburse damage assessment costs and natural resource damages. Also, details about the restoration projects to restore wildlife and habitats.
Publisher: National Marine Fisheries Service Restoration Center
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans
State: Washington

237. Texas Brownfields Redevelopment Initiative
Resource Identifier: http://www.tnrcc.state.tx.us/permitting/remed/vcp/brownfields.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission, Austin, TX, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Texas; brownfields; environmental restoration; pollution cleanup; economics; taxation

238. Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission - Environmental Equity
Resource Identifier: http://www.tnrcc.state.tx.us/comm/opa/envequ.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission, Austin, TX, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Texas; environmental equity; socioeconomics; public health; hazardous materials; legal aspects; environmental restoration; litigation

239. Texas Society for Ecological Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://www.cep.unt.edu/sertex.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Texas SER Office, 225D EESAT, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental restoration; ecosystems; USA, Texas; education; researcher programs

240. Texas Superfund Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.tnrcc.state.tx.us/permitting/remed/superfund/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission, P.O. Box 13087, Austin, TX 78711-3087,USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Texas; Superfund; state programs; government programs; economics; environmental restoration; land reclamation; pollution clean-up; land use

241. Tillamook Bay National Estuary Project
Resource Identifier: http://www.co.tillamook.or.us/gov/estuary/tbnep/nephome.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Tillamook Bay National Estuary Project, Tillamook County Performance Partnership
Subject: estuaries, conservation, environmental restoration, regeneration (ecosystems), habitat improvement, planning
Description: The Tillamook Bay National Estuary Project (TBNEP) is part of the National Estuary Program of 28 projects around the country. The National Estuary Project's (NEP) mission is to protect and restore the health of estuaries while supporting economic and recreational activities. The TBNEP works with the local community to address environmental problems. The purpose of the TBNEP is to coordinate the development and implementation of the Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan (CCMP).
Publisher: Tillamook County
Resource Type: Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Site Conservation Plans
State: Oregon

242. Timber Harvesting Plan Enforcement and Watershed Restoration Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.consrv.ca.gov/cgs/thp/index.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: California Geological Survey, Department of Conservation
Subject: forests, watersheds, logging, landslides, erosion, sediments, geological hazards, land use, water quality, fishes, habitats, government programs, prevention, mitigation, information centers, environmental restoration, mapping, planning
Description: The Timber Harvesting Plan Enforcement and Watershed Restoration Program (THPEWRP) provides technical information and advice about landslides, erosion, sedimentation and other geologic hazards to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CDF), the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection, the Department of Fish and Game (DFG), the Regional Water Quality Control Boards (RWQCB) and other agencies, industries and the public that make land-use decisions on California's forested lands and in watersheds where proposed activities may affect water quality and fish habitat.
Publisher: California Geological Survey, Department of Conservation
Resource Type: Management Plans, Internet Map Services, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Recommended Practices
State: California

243. Tourism and Coastal Resources Degradation in the Wider Caribbean
Resource Identifier: http://www.irf.org/irtourdg.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Island Resources Foundation
Subject: coral reefs, coastal environments, environmental degradation, tourism, human impact, marine environments, pollution, environmental impact, economics, reefs, beaches, damage, wastes, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: mitigation; coastal zone; coastal degradation; sediments
Description: This report is one of a series of studies to determine the level of coastal degradation, the best approaches and practices available to address these issues, and effective public awareness and training activities. The information contained in these studies will be used inter alia to further develop the activities of this project, which include pilot projects, training workshops and courses, public awareness activities and networking. This report of Tourism and Coastal Resources Degradation includes Island Resources Foundation's assessment of the extent of coastal resource degradation due to tourism and recommends approaches to address this degradation in the Wider Caribbean. The assessment and recommendations have been written with special attention to promoting the use of the information by regional and national planners and policy managers.
Publisher: Island Resources Foundation
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

244. Toxics Cleanup Program - Site Cleanup and Underground Storage Tanks
Resource Identifier: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/tcp/cleanup.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Washington Department of Ecology
Subject: government regulations, pollution cleanup, environmental restoration, storage tanks, toxic materials, leakage, hazardous materials, government programs, sediments, waste management, grants
Description: Major sections on the web site are: Cleanup Site Information, Sediment Management, Underground Storage Tanks and Leaking Underground Storage Tanks, Voluntary Cleanup Program, Policies & Guidance, Public Notices, Regulations & Related Information, Grant Information, Tools.
Publisher: Washington Department of Ecology
Resource Type: Datasets, Laws and Regulations, Management Plans, Standards and Guidelines, Tools and Software
State: Washington

245. Tropical Forestry and the Environment
Resource Identifier: http://www.rcfa-cfan.org/english/issues.8.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: J. Roper
Subject: tropical forests, forestry, deforestation, environmental degradation, desertification, climatic change, biodiversity, logging, watersheds, resource management, land use, public policy, sustainable development, environmental restoration
Description: This FORESTRY ISSUES paper examines the major environmental problems facing tropical forests and looks at practical approaches to address them. In rural areas, the deterioration of natural resources not only destroys the environment but also undermines the very foundation on which economic growth and development depend. The catastrophic impact is seen in accelerating soil erosion, which results in permanent loss in agricultural productivity, in advancing desertification accompanied by drought and famine, in declining coastal and inland fisheries, in the misuse of agrochemicals that poison both farmers and the environment, in the alarming sedimentation of fragile coral reefs, and in the destruction of biodiversity-rich wetlands. None of these natural resource problems is more threatening, none more in need of immediate action, than those related to the tropical forests.
Publisher: CIDA Forestry Advisers Network, Canadian International Development Agency
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

246. U.S. Code Collection: Sec. 4401. - Findings and Statement of Purpose
Resource Identifier: http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/16/4401.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Government, Legal Information Institute at Cornell University
Subject: wetlands, ecosystems, habitats, water, wildlife, endangered species, migratory birds, environmental restoration, distribution, aquatic birds, government agencies, legislation
Uncontrolled Keywords: United States Code, wetlands destruction; diversity; North American waterfowl management plan
Description: U.S. Code Chapter 64 defines North American Wetlands Conservation. This page highlights section 4401 of the Code, which is the findings and statement of purpose for migratory populations.
Publisher: Cornell University
Resource Type: Laws and Regulations

247. United States Announces Agreement With Canada On Pacific Salmon
Resource Identifier: http://clinton4.nara.gov/CEQ/990603.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of State, United States Department of Commerce
Subject: fishery management, fishery industry, conservation, management, legislation, environmental protection, environmental restoration, harvesting, survival, hatcheries, spawning, relative abundance
Uncontrolled Keywords: international cooperation; salmon fisheries; international disputes; fishery resources, harvest quotas, fish stocks, habitat restoration, Pacific Salmon Treaty of 1985
Description: An overview of the agreement which establishes new fishing regimes under the 1985 Pacific Salmon Treaty to protect and rebuild salmon stocks while ensuring fair sharing of harvest opportunities by fishermen of both countries. It also establishes two bilaterally managed regional funds to improve fisheries management and includes provisions to enhance bilateral scientific cooperation. The agreement represents a critical step in the Administration's long-term strategy for restoring salmon in the Pacific Northwest.
Publisher: United States Government Whitehouse
Resource Type: Laws and Regulations

248. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science
Resource Identifier: http://www.umces.edu/research/research.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, P.O. Box 775, Cambridge, MD 21613, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Chesapeake Bay; environmental restoration; water quality; salinity; coastal zone; estuaries; pollution detection; environmental protection; environmental economics; trophic relationships; sustainable development; ecosystem analysis

249. Volcanic Impacts on Coral Reefs in Montserrat
Resource Identifier: http://sei.org/impacts.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Sustainable Ecosystem Institute, Dr. Deborah M. Brosnan
Subject: coral reefs, volcanoes, environmental impact, marine environments, mangroves, biodiversity, acid rain, sulfur, pH effects, forestry, sediments, birds, seed dispersal, environmental restoration, ecosystem recovery, vegetation, animals, mortality
Uncontrolled Keywords: coral disease; coral bleaching; terrestrial habitats; semi desert vegetation; vegetation loss; cloud forest
Description: Ecological impacts of the Montserrat volcano: A pictorial account of its effects on land and sea life.
Publisher: Sustainable Ecosystem Institute
Resource Type: Fact Sheets

250. Walla Walla Basin Watershed Council
Resource Identifier: http://www.wwbwc.org/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Walla Walla Basin Watershed Council
Subject: rivers, watersheds, environmental protection, political action, environmental health, public awareness, education, resource management, planning, environmental restoration
Description: The mission of the Walla Walla Basin Watershed Council is to protect the resources of the Walla Walla Watershed, deal with issues in advance of resource degradation, and enhance the overall health of the watershed, while also protecting, as far as possible, the welfare, customs, and cultures of all citizens residing in the basin.
Publisher: Walla Walla Basin Watershed Council
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.), Site Conservation Plans
State: Oregon

251. Washington State Natural Areas Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.dnr.wa.gov/nap/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Washington State Natural Areas Program
Subject: natural areas protection, protected areas, government programs, conservation, resource management, ecosystems, monitoring, environmental restoration
Description: The Natural Areas of Washington State protect outstanding examples of the state's extraordinary diversity. These lands represent the finest natural, undisturbed ecosystems in state ownership, often protecting one-of-a-kind features, which are unique to this region. Natural Resources Conservation Areas (NRCA) and Natural Areas Preserves (NAP) are the two types of natural areas managed by the Department of Natural Resources. Sections on the site include: History of the Natural Areas Program, Natural Area Preserves, Natural Resources Conservation Areas, Monitoring and Restoration, Research on Natural Areas, Education and Public Access, Stewardship and Volunteers, Protection and Acquisition, Publications.
Publisher: Washington State Department of Natural Resources
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)
State: Washington

252. Washington Summary - Waste Site Reports
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/wash.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Coastal Protection and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Subject: coastal environments, marine environments, hazardous wastes, risk assessment, environmental assessment, land trusts, natural resources, environmental degradation, pollution cleanup, environmental restoration, planning, threatened species
Description: The Coastal Waste Site Reports are prepared by Coastal Protection and Restoration (CPR) scientists to describe uncontrolled hazardous waste sites that pose a threat to natural resources for which NOAA acts as a trustee. NOAA is a Federal trustee for natural resources under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan. As trustee, CPR scientists identify sites that could affect natural resources, determine the potential for injury to the resources, evaluate cleanup alternatives, and carry out restoration actions. The CPR Program works with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to identify and assess risks to coastal resources from hazardous waste sites, and to develop strategies to minimize those risks. The Coastal Waste Site Reports are prepared soon after a hazardous waste site is proposed to the National Priorities List (NPL)
Publisher: Office of Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Case Studies, Issue Overviews
State: Washington

253. Waste Site Review - Delaware
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/delaware.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: anadromous species, catadromous species, fishes, marine fishes, toxicity, chemicals, natural resources, contaminants, hazardous wastes, protected areas, health, aquatic birds, freshwater environments, environmental restoration, environmental protection, ecosystem management, land use, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: estuarine fishes; military-related contaminants of concern
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about the military installations in Delaware, clean up procedures at these locations and other areas of special concern in Delaware.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Delaware

254. Waste Site Review - Florida
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/florida.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: hazardous wastes, fishes, protected species, protected areas, natural resources, endangered species, threatened species, chemicals, toxicity, health, environmental protection, environmental restoration, mangroves, estuaries, coastal waters, invertebrates, freshwater fishes
Uncontrolled Keywords: military installations; estuarine fishes, waste cleanup
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about military installations in Florida, ecological problems and cleanup procedures at these locations and other areas of special concern, which include mangroves, estuaries, and coastal rivers and wetlands since they provide nursery and adult habitat for fish, invertebrates, and federally threatened and endangered species.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Florida

255. Waste Site Review - Hawaii
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/hawaii.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: hazardous wastes, fishes, PCB compounds, volatile organic compounds, pesticides, heavy metals, natural resources, freshwater fishes, spawning, invertebrates, estuaries, threatened species, contaminants, sediments, marine environments, health, environmental protection, environmental restoration, ecosystem management, surface water, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: military installations, amphidromous endemic finfish , coastal areas, forage habitat
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about military installations in Hawaii, an investigation of sediments, military-related contaminants and cleanup procedures at these locations and other areas of special concern in Hawaii.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Hawaii

256. Waste Site Review - Maine
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/maine.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: hazardous wastes, anadromous species, catadromous species, fishes, PCB compounds, benzene, xylene, endangered species, marine fishes, invertebrates, crustaceans, commercial fishing, fishery industry, marine mammals, chemicals, toxicity, contaminants, DDT, natural resources, health, environmental protection, environmental restoration, freshwater fishes, freshwater environments, spawning, habitats
Uncontrolled Keywords: military contaminants; estuarine fishes, recreational fishing, waste cleanups
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about military installations in Maine, military contaminants of concern and cleanup procedures at these locations and the Androscoggin and Kennebec Rivers, as well as Merrymeeting Bay where the two rivers meet, which are of special concern to NOAA.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Maine

257. Waste Site Review - Maryland
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/maryland.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: hazardous wastes, anadromous species, catadromous species, fishes, explosives, PCB compounds, pesticides, contaminants, natural resources, environmental protection, environmental restoration, marine fishes, commercial fishing, fishery industry, chemicals, toxicity, volatile organic compounds, health, heavy metals, wetlands, environmental degradation
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemical warfare agents; military contaminants, estuarine fishes, recreational fishing, ecological problems, waste cleanup, coastal areas,
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about the military installations in Maryland, defense-related contaminants of concern and clean up procedures at these locations and the Chesapeake Bay which is of special interest to NOAA because it supports diverse trust species and habitats and important commercial and recreational fisheries.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Maryland

258. Waste Site Review - Massachusetts
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/massachu.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Subject: hazardous wastes, fishes, anadromous species, catadromous species, crustaceans, invertebrates, chemicals, toxicity, heavy metals, pesticides, herbicides, natural resources, health, environmental restoration, environmental protection, contaminants, commercial fishing, fishery industry, spawning, PCB compounds, sediments
Uncontrolled Keywords: radionuclides; acids; chlorinated solvents; photographic chemicals , military installations, recreational fishing, migratory habitats, ecological risks
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about the military installations in Massachusetts, military-related contaminants of concern and cleanup procedures at these locations. Also, the New Bedford Harbor and associated PCB sediment contamination is of special concern because elevated levels of PCBs have accumulated in many marine species, resulting in bans to all recreational fisheries and several commercial fisheries in the area as well as another area of concern for NOAA is the Merrimack River and its tributaries since it provides extensive spawning and migratory habitat for some NOAA trust resources.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews
State: Massachusetts

259. Waste Site Review - New York
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/newyork.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
Subject: hazardous wastes, fishes, chemicals, anadromous species, invertebrates, crustaceans, marine mammals, endangered species, threatened species, marine environments, coastal waters, natural resources, PCB compounds, rivers, freshwater environments, contaminants, environmental protection, conservation, food consumption, spawning, environmental restoration, foraging behavior, nursery grounds, wastewater discharges
Uncontrolled Keywords: estuarine species, fish tissue, groundwater contamination
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about the elevated concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) found in the Hudson River, the elevated PCB levels found in area fish tissue and the efforts to characterize the extent and degree of contamination, including the fate and transport of PCBs, and potential threats to natural resources in the Hudson River.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans
State: New York

260. Waste Site Review - Texas
Resource Identifier: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/wastesites/states/summaries/texas.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
Subject: hazardous wastes, fishes, contaminants, mercury (metal), sediments, environmental restoration, fishery industry, endangered species, threatened species, natural resources, nursery grounds, environmental protection, estuarine environments, commercial fishing, sport fishing, wetlands, surface water, ground water
Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, acts on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce as a Federal trustee under CERCLA for natural resources in coastal and marine areas. This summary includes information about areas of special concern, which includes Lavaca Bay since it provides protected nursery habitat for brown shrimp and habitat for green and Kemp's ridley turtles. Elevated levels of mercury have been found in this area. Also, the Galveston Bay / Houston area provides important estuarine habitat for a number of commercial and sport fisheries. Numerous waste sites are located in this area, which also cause concern.
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans
State: Texas

261. Water and Watershed Research (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://es.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starsix.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Science to Achieve Results, United States Environmental Protection Agency
Subject: watersheds, water quality, land use, pollution, models, research programs, environmental restoration, weather, hydrology, climatic change, aquatic environments
Uncontrolled Keywords: urbanized watersheds; agricultural watersheds; statistical design; groundwater; toxicology; aquatic pollutants; public policy
Description: This program addresses multiple stresses affecting watersheds and early warning signals of emerging impacts. Included is research on ecology, hydrology, and environmental management. An important criterion for project selection is that there is good promise for transferring results from one area to others.
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency
Resource Type: Case Studies, Internet Map Services

262. Water Quality Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/wqhome.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Washington State Department of Ecology
Subject: water quality, water pollution, prevention, pollution cleanup, ground water, government regulations, environmental assessment, environmental restoration, public awareness, aquatic plants, lakes, grants, licenses and permits, watersheds, runoff, waste water, monitoring, standards
Description: The mission of the Washington State Department of Ecology's Water Quality Program is to protect and restore Washington's waters. The objectives of the Water Quality Program are: 1) to protect, preserve, and enhance the quality of the state surface and ground water, ensuring the wise environmentally sound use of the state's water resources; 2) to prevent generation of pollutants; and 3) to achieve a water quality stewardship ethic and an educated public. Sections on the site include: Aquatic Plants and Lakes, Committees, Data Sources, Grants and Loans, Ground Water, Nonpoint Source Pollution (Polluted Runoff), Permits, Publications, Stormwater, Wastewater and Water Reuse, Water Quality Assessments for Washington Waters, Water Quality Standards and Monitoring, Watershed.
Publisher: Washington State Department of Ecology
Resource Type: Datasets, Laws and Regulations, Management Plans, Standards and Guidelines
State: Washington

263. Water Resources Program
Resource Identifier: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wr/wrhome.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Washington State Department of Ecology
Subject: water resources, water management, water rights, watersheds, streams, environmental restoration, government programs, conservation, recycling, water supplies, water wells, government regulations, dams, safety, droughts
Description: The mission of the Water Resource Program is to manage water resources to meet the current and future needs of the natural environment and Washington's communities. Major activities include: administer water rights, local watershed management, restoring d maintaining stream flows, water rights compliance, conservation and reuse of agricultural and municipal water supplies, adjudication, well construction regulation, dam safety, drought response.
Publisher: Washington State Department of Ecology
Resource Type: Datasets, Laws and Regulations, Management Plans, Standards and Guidelines
State: Washington

264. Watershed Institute
Resource Identifier: http://www.monterey.edu/academic/institutes/watershed/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: California Sate University, Monterey
Uncontrolled Keywords: watersheds; USA, California; environmental restoration; Monterey Bay; education; rivers; streams; marshes

265. Watershed Projects Inventory (WPI)
Resource Identifier: http://endeavor.des.ucdavis.edu/WPI/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of California at Davis
Subject: water resources, freshwater environments, reservoirs, flooding, air quality, water quality, environmental monitoring, environmental management, riparian environments, forestry, nature conservation, environmental restoration, biodiversity, natural resources
Uncontrolled Keywords: riparian enhancement, water resource management
Description: The Watershed Projects Inventory (WPI) and the California Watershed Project Inventory (CWPI) are part of the comprehensive Natural Resource Project Inventory (NRPI). WPI chronicles past, current and future resource-based restoration, mitigation and conservation projects, in or bordering California. WPI focuses on projects that handle multiple resource issues involving several cooperators such as Coordinated Resource Management Plans (CRMPs) and local cooperative conservation efforts.
Publisher: University of California at Davis
Resource Type: Databases and Information Systems
State: California

266. Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air & Rare Plants
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/biology/
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Subject: forests, forestry, resource management, government programs, conservation, sustainable development, ecosystem management, biodiversity, environmental restoration, environmental education, watersheds, wetlands, water quality, riparian environments, fishes, wildlife, ecology, air quality, weather, droughts, soils, endangered species, plants, botany, special status species, rare species, habitats, government regulations
Uncontrolled Keywords: national forests
Description: The Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air, Rare Plants, Soil & Threatened, Endangered & Sensitive Species Programs in Ecosystem Management has a responsibility to: - Protect ecosystems by ensuring that proposed management activities promote conservation of biological diversity. - Restore deteriorated ecosystems by ensuring their biological health, diversity, and productivity. - Provide multiple benefits to people within the capabilities of ecosystems by enhancing ecosystem productivity, managing public access, and increasing environmental education. 'Watershed' includes the areas of Watershed Restoration, Water Rights, Water Quality, Hydrology, Riparian, and Wetlands and the National Riparian Service Team (NRST). 'Fish' includes the National Fisheries Program and the National Fish & Aquatic Ecology Unit. 'Wildlife' includes the National Wildlife Program and the National Wildlife Ecology Unit. 'Air' includes the areas of weather (drought) and air quality. 'Botany & Rare Plants' includes the National Botany & Rare Plants Program, the planning, litigation and appeals aspect of botanical resources, and the National Botanical Ecology Unit. 'Soil' includes on soil productivity, sustainability, and inventories. 'TES' (Threatened, Endangered & Sensitive Species) includes recovery of threatened and endangered species and their habitats, conservation of sensitive species and their habitats, and providing for the diversity of plant and animal communities on National Forest System lands.
Publisher: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

267. Watersheds, Fish, Wildlife, Air & Rare Plants - Watershed Section
Resource Identifier: http://www.fs.fed.us/biology/watershed/index.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Subject: watersheds, forests, hydrology, water quality, riparian environments, resource management, water rights, public policy, environmental laws, environmental restoration, wetlands, water use
Description: Watershed includes the areas of Watershed Restoration, Water Rights, Water Quality, Hydrology, Riparian, and Wetlands and the National Riparian Service Team (NRST). Topical areas include Watershed Conditions and Water Quality and Uses.
Publisher: Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

268. Wetland Protection
Resource Identifier: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/wetlands/vital/protection.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20460,USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: wetland protection; environmental protection; regulation; watershed protection; environmental restoration; environment management

269. Wetland Restoration Project, Exotic Plant Removal; Borderfield State Park (0471)
Resource Identifier: http://endeavor.des.ucdavis.edu/weeds/ProjectDescription.asp?ProjectPK=4874
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of California, Davis, Center for the Environment
Subject: invasive species, introduced species, habitats, wetlands, environmental restoration, indigenous species, eradication
Description: The Borderfield park area is relocating its entrance road and undergoing a wetlands restoration project. Exotic plants such as tamarisk, castor bean, and giant reed would be eradicated from the park area as part of the wetland restoration projects. Removal of exotics will be followed by planting of native species. Data sheet explains how exotic plants such as tamarisk, castor bean, and giant reed would be eradicated from the Park area as part of the wetland restoration project.
Publisher: University of California, Davis
Resource Type: Fact Sheets, Management Plans
State: California

270. Wetlands: Cradle of Species Diversity
Resource Identifier: http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/biodiv/wetlands.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Department of State, International Information Programs
Subject: wetlands, biodiversity, environmental restoration, population decline, legislation, government agencies, fishes, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, nesting behavior, endangered species, pollutants, fertilizers, runoff, nitrogen, sulfur, breeding, mangrove swamps
Uncontrolled Keywords: habitat loss , vernal pools, artificial wetlands
Description: Website provides information about wetlands within the United States. Details about wetland loss, biodiversity, animals, federal legislation, restoration and preservation information is provided.
Publisher: United States Department of State, International Information Programs
Resource Type: Issue Overviews

271. What is Phytoremediation
Resource Identifier: http://www.uga.edu/~srel/Fact_Sheets/phytoremediation.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: University of Georgia, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Aiken, GA, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: USA, Savannah River Site; wetlands; environmental restoration; pollutant removal; phytoremediation; economics; soil remediation; groundwater pollution

272. Width of Riparian Zones for Birds (PDF)
Resource Identifier: http://www.wes.army.mil/el/emrrp/pdf/si09.pdf
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: United States Army Corps of Engineers
Subject: birds, conservation, habitats, riparian environments, management, environmental restoration, birds, migratory birds, breeding, width, length, habitat fragmentation, vegetation, species richness
Uncontrolled Keywords: riparian zones; riparian corridors, riparian buffer strips, habitat degradation, avian communities, neotropical migrants, resident birds, short distance migrants, vegetation layers, Partners in Flight, Corps of Engineers
Description: Report addresses that retaining riparian vegetation of proper width not only minimizes the impacts of erosion and nonpoint source pollution, these areas also provide habitat and movement corridors for wildlife as well as benefits to fish populations. Information about the importance of riparian zones as habitats for bird species, literature on appropriate widths, Partners in Flight and Corps of Engineers are included as well.
Publisher: United States Army Corps of Engineers
Resource Type: Management Plans, Site Conservation Plans

273. Wildfire Management in Stehekin Valley - North Cascades
Resource Identifier: http://www.nps.gov/noca/sfire.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: National Park Service
Subject: fires, controlled burning, thinning, forests, national parks, environmental health, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: wildfire fuels
Description: The National Park Service plans to return the forest of the Stehekin Valley to a more stable condition, reducing the threat of uncontrollable fire. This will require both prescribed fires and manual tree thinning. A long-term monitoring program will measure the changes in vegetative composition, fuel loading and wildlife habitat. The thinned and burned forest fuel reduction areas will be compared to control plots. This will enable the National Park Service to continually evaluate the results and refine the management plan for desired conditions.
Publisher: National Park Service
Resource Type: Announcements and News Articles, Fact Sheets
State: Washington

274. Wildlands Restoration
Resource Identifier: http://biodiversitynw.org/NatFor/RestoreIndex.htm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Biodiversity Northwest
Subject: forests, forestry, habitats, environmental restoration, watersheds, roads, public policy, public awareness, congress, interest groups, financing, logging, plantations, old growth, thinning, biodiversity
Uncontrolled Keywords: Northwest Forest Plan, national forests
Description: Biodiversity Northwest coordinates a Wildlands Restoration program focusing on the Northwest Forest Plan and the Olympic National Forest. Watershed restoration is a major component of this program. Other goals include: Raising broad awareness over restoration needs in the area covered by the Northwest Forest Plan, particularly on the Olympic National Forest; Raising congressional awareness of the importance of watershed restoration and securing increased funding for projects in the region and on the Olympic National Forest; and, Building diverse coalitions in support of watershed restoration.
Publisher: Biodiversity Northwest
Resource Type: Management Plans
State: Washington

275. Wildlife Restoration Projects Fund
Resource Identifier: http://cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/Biodiversity/biodv-30.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Congressional Research Service Reports, NCSE, 1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: government policy; legislation; biological diversity; species diversity; wildlife management; environmental restoration

276. Wildlife Restoration Projects Fund
Resource Identifier: http://cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/Biodiversity/biodv-20.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Congressional Research Service Reports, NCSE, 1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006, USA
Uncontrolled Keywords: government policy; legislation; wildlife; environmental restoration; economics; conservation; biological diversity

277. WWF Forests for Life Campaign
Resource Identifier: http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/forests/index.cfm
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: World Wildlife Federation
Subject: forests, habitats, conservation, logging, crime, plantations, fires, climatic change, resource management, environmental restoration, reforestation
Description: WWF is working to provide solutions to the threats facing the world's forests which could potentially undermine forest conservation. Of particular concern to WWF are illegal logging and forest crime, conversion of forests to plantation crops of palm oil and soy, forest fires and climate change. WWF's 'Forests for Life' programme is attacking many of these problems with a 3-pronged approach, working to protect, manage and restore the world's forests.
Publisher: World Wildlife Federation
Resource Type: Federal Government Agencies (U.S.)

278. Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study
Resource Identifier: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/ccem/yst/ystd.html
Cataloging Node: CSA
Creator: Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management
Subject: forests, forestry, thinning, logging, research, environmental restoration
Uncontrolled Keywords: Central Cascades Adaptive Management Area, late-successional habitat
Description: The Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study is a long-term research and demonstration project in the Central Cascades Adaptive Management Area designed to determine if different thinning, underplanting, and snag creation treatments can accelerate the development of late-successional habitat in 35-50 year old plantations.
Publisher: Corvallis Forestry Research Community
Resource Type: Issue Overviews, Management Plans, Recommended Practices
State: Oregon, Washington

Geographic Perspectives


U.S. Programs & Activities | International | California | Central Southwest/Gulf Coast
Great Basin | Mid-Atlantic | Mountain Prairie | Northeast
Pacific Basin | Pacific Northwest | Southern Appalachian | Southwest

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NBII Partners

 

The National Biological Information Infrastructure is broad-based, collaborative program amongst federal, state, international, non-government, academic, and private industry partners.  To learn more about the wide scope and variety of our current partnerships, select from the links below.   If you would like more information about becoming an NBII partner, please contact the Program Manager.

http://www.nbii.gov/about/partner/

 

 

Alphabetical List of NBII Partners

 

 

·  Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada is a key partner in the development and operation of the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).  They develop and maintain the Canadian version of the ITIS Web site (ITIS*ca), provide taxonomic specialists who contribute to data development in ITIS, and cooperate with the U.S. ITIS partners in planning and developing enhancements to ITIS.

·  American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS)
The AIBS and the NBII cooperated in sponsoring a national expert panel of biological scientists in 1999 to provide a formal peer review of the NBII Biological Metadata Standard.

·  Appalachian Trail Conference (ATC)
The Appalachian Trail Conference is a non-profit organization originally founded in 1925 to coordinate the building of the Appalachian Trail. Now, its job is to protect and oversee the maintenance of the trail, in partnership with over 30 maintaining clubs up and down the East Coast, as well as with various governmental agencies. As part of its "information" arm, it publishes and sells guidebooks and maps, and publishes the magazine Appalachian Trailway News. In addition, it runs summer work camps where you can spend between one and eight weeks doing various trail projects, either maintaining what's already there or building anew. The NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node is working with ATC and its partners to demonstrate the value of more-readily available information for the management of the many natural and scenic values of the trail corridor and its associated Appalachian environment.

 

·  Bandelier National Monument
Bandelier National Monument supports NBII Southwest Information Node efforts to provide pertinent biological information and analysis tools to aid in science-based natural resources decision making.

·  Big Sky Institute for Science and Natural History
Montana State University established the Big Sky Institute to promote the distribution of science-based knowledge related to natural ecosystems and the human communities that depend on them. BSI is partnering with the USGS to develop and use innovative educational resources and high-technology interpretive outreach programs that combine research with hands-on education. The Institute will serve as a test-bed for products developed for the NBII's Northern Rockies Information Node.

·  Biodiversity and Ecosystems Informatics Work Group (BioEco) [no longer a working hyperlink] Working hyperlink: http://www.nbii.gov/about/partner/bioeco/ and http://www.nbii.gov/about/partner/bioeco/nbiiframework.html
A subcommittee work group of the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Research, BioEco coordinates federal biodiversity and ecosystems informatics activities and identifies opportunities for partnerships at non-federal, non-profit, private-sector, and international levels. BioEco works to ensure the sharing of technologies, compatibility in standards and approaches, and provides for reciprocity and equity in data access and exchange.

·  Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
BONAP has provided information from a multi-million dollar dataset on the invasive plant species data by county for the entire nation to the NBII's Invasive Species Information Node.

·  The Bishop Museum
Hawaii's Bishop Museum has one of the largest natural history specimen collections in the world. Drawing upon this collection and associated expertise, the museum will partner with the NBII's Pacific Basin Information Node to provide integrated taxonomic databases in a single access query system, linked to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System, for determining and maintaining taxonomic authorities for Pacific Basin species.

·  Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
BLM and the NBII California Information Node (CAIN) are collaborating on assessments for rivers and riparian areas. A tool developed by the BLM and the U.S. Forest Service to allow landowners and biologists to assess impacts of management practices on biodiversity and hydrological function will be available through CAIN. BLM also was a co-founder and major supporter of the Natural Resources Project Inventory, an online catalog of environmental management and environmental restoration projects in California, and of CalWeed, a catalog of invasive species management efforts. Both are being re-written as NBII Web services. BLM also sponsored a dataset on native and non-native plant species diversity, soils, and crusts in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah, which is being analyzed by the data consortium of NBII's Invasive Species Information Node.

·  Burns Telecommunications Center (BTC)
A high-tech community resource that joins with individuals, schools, non-profit organizations, and businesses to assist them in using multimedia, telecommunications, and networking technologies to enhance their programs and services, the BTC is collaborating with the USGS on the NBII's Northern Rockies Information Node. The Center will advise on the node's educational components, including applications for telecommunications and multimedia technologies that will enhance education, business, and personal growth. The Center will be a major partner in delivering products through a distance-learning network across Montana.

 

·  CALFED Bay-Delta Program
The NBII California Information Node (CAIN) is collaborating with the CALFED Bay-Delta Program to develop standards for data interoperability among multiple monitoring efforts and research projects. CAIN is also co-developing a planned technical publication series for CALFED and the Bay-Delta Science Consortium, with the first online publications expected in summer 2002. The CALFED Bay-Delta Program is a cooperative effort among state and federal agencies and California's environmental, urban, and agricultural communities to address environmental and water management issues in the region. The project is one of the largest large-river and riparian area restoration projects in the nation and focuses on waterways created at the junction of the San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers.

·  CalFlora
CalFlora is a non-profit organization providing information on California plant biodiversity for conservation, research, and education. They are collaborating with the NBII California Information Node to develop integrated methodologies for data systems and taxonomy, and to provide online access to species distribution maps, photographs, and species fact sheets.

·  California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)
The CDFA provides invasive species mapping, global positioning system and geographic information systems workshop hosting, and weed information training exercises for the NBII California Information Node (CAIN). The CalWeeds database, co-sponsored by the CDFA, provides a list of invasives control and eradication projects in the state. These data will be expanded and re-written as an NBII Web service under the invasives component of the CAIN project.

·  California Department of Forestry and Fire Prevention
The Department is providing technical information to the NBII's California Information Node through databases developed as part of the National Vegetation Mapping Initiative.

·  California Department of Transportation (CalTrans)
CalTrans is collaborating with the NBII California Information Node (CAIN) to improve methods for modeling distributions of rare species and unusual habitats using remotely sensed data. CAIN will use the invasive species model developed in year one towards the modeling of rare species, unusual habitats, and threats. CalTrans and CAIN are also developing data structures for other classes of biodiversity data.

·  California Environmental Resources Evaluation System (CERES)
CERES is a major partner in the development of the NBII's controlled vocabulary. CERES is continuing its collaboration in this area, working with the NBII California Information Node on cataloging technologies and vocabulary development.

·  Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA)
A privately-owned information company, CSA has been publishing abstracts and indexes to scientific and technical research literature for over 30 years. CSA has partnered with the NBII to develop the Biocomplexity Collection, a rich assemblage of bibliographic citations and Web resources related to issues of human population and the environment. In addition, CSA will make available a comprehensive thesaurus of biocomplexity terms as a major part of the NBII's controlled vocabulary.

·  Canada/Mexico/U.S. Trilateral Committee for Wildlife and Ecosystem Conservation and Management
The NBII Program is a participant in the Biodiversity Information Table of the Trilateral Committee, which seeks to facilitate access to biodiversity information needed for the management and conservation of wildlife and ecosystems.

·  Center for the Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML)
A research and service unit within the College of Natural Resources at Colorado State University, the Center supports the national defense mission by providing professional services and technical support to the Department of Defense in conservation, environmental protection, and natural and cultural resources management. CEMML has agreed to share military lands invasive species information to the data consortium of the Invasive Species Information Node.

·  Center for Invasive Plant Management (CIPM)
The CIPM promotes proactive, ecologically sound management of invasive plants in western North America through research and public education, and by facilitating collaboration and communication among researchers, educators, and land managers. CIPM will contribute its expertise toward the NBII Northern Rockies Information Node.

·  Center of Applied Biodiversity Science (CABS)
CABS, a major branch of Conservation International, is a scientific research center that brings together leading experts to collect and interpret data about biodiversity and to accurately identify and quickly respond to the emerging threats to the Earth's biological diversity. CABS and its collaborators develop strategic plans for conservation, forge key partnerships to promote conservation goals, and invigorate public awareness of and involvement in conservation solutions. One goal of the Center has been to become a leading resource center for academic and research institutions, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other groups interested in studying biodiversity science. CABS is partnering with CSA to assist in developing the Biocomplexity Collection and the forthcoming series, "Toward Best Practices."

·  Chattanooga-Hamilton County Regional Planning Agency
The Chattanooga-Hamilton County Regional Planning Agency's (RPA) mission is to provide a comprehensive vision and guide for Hamilton County communities that enhances the quality of life by integrating growth with the conservation of resources. This vision includes both short- and long-range goals and strategies that public and private community leaders can use to implement these objectives. A Southern Appalachian Man in the Biosphere/NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN) summer intern working with the RPA surveyed zoning ordinances from around the country and environmental data available for the Town of Walden. The RPA is assisting the town in revision and review of the town's zoning ordinance controlling development on steep slopes and ecologically sensitive areas based on that information. SAIN is assisting RPA and town leaders with geographic information systems instruction and provision of data for the area, and through the process demonstrating the value of scientific data for guiding land use.

·  Colorado Coalition
Colorado universities are partnering with the NBII in a multi-disciplinary demonstration of "research to practice." The concept links information resulting from research activities with natural resources practitioners to enhance problem-solving and decision-making. The current participants in this collaborative are: Colorado State University (Libraries and College of Natural Resources); University of Colorado at Boulder (Libraries and Geography Department); University of Colorado at Colorado Springs (Library and Department of Geography); and University of Denver (Library and Information Science Program and Graduate School of Social Work).

·  Colorado Natural Heritage Program (CNHP)
CNHP is contributing vegetation plot data to the NBII Invasive Species Information Node to be used in mapping and predicting invasive species.

·  Columbia University Earth Institute
The Columbia University Earth Institute is creating an online data and information service focused on urban ecologies, invasives species, and emerging infectious diseases within the Northeastern United States (New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine). This information portal, which initially focuses on the New York-New Jersey Metropolitan Area and the Hudson River Watershed, will provide information about urban impacts on environment and health, and on natural resources in the surrounding regions. In partnership with the NBII, the Institute's integration of scientific data, information, and understanding in an urban ecology information system, combined with the online tools and methodologies for their effective application, will give resource stewards, decision-makers, and citizens fast, easy access to a larger, more inclusive picture on which to base assessments.

·  Comision Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO)
CONABIO is a Mexican partner that has developed comprehensive biodiversity information systems for Mexico. CONABIO and the NBII are collaborating in the planning and development of regional information networks, such as the North American Biodiversity Information Network and the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network. CONABIO also participates in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System and the Biodiversity Information Table of the Canada/Mexico/U.S. Trilateral Committee.

·  Conservation Management Institute (CMI)
Based at Virginia Tech, CMI works collaboratively at state and national levels to bring multi-disciplinary approaches to research questions that affect conservation management. CMI and the NBII, along with other state agency partners, are cooperating to increase access to fish and wildlife information from state and federal agencies through the NBII. The NBII Program is assisting CMI in the development of the Wild Animal and Plant Information Transfer Infrastructure, which will provide integrated access to species-based data from multiple state fish and wildlife agency databases through one Internet query portal. CMI and the NBII also cooperate in providing biological metadata training courses to state and federal agency staff at locations around the United States. CMI uses the Integrated Taxonomic Information System as its source for scientific nomenclature and the taxonomy of plant and animal species, and has adopted the NBII Biological Metadata Standard. A new project with CMI is the creation of invasive species profiles to help populate the Global Invasive Species Database with the Invasive Species Specialist Group.

 

·  Draper Museum of Natural History
To interpret the full story of the American West, the Buffalo Bill Historical Center is building a new natural history museum with a geographic emphasis on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and its surrounding region. The Draper Museum and the USGS are collaborating on the development and use of audiovisual and information databases related to regional flora, fauna, geological features, and human presence.

·  Ducks Unlimited
Ducks Unlimited is working with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to develop the Latin American/Caribbean Winter Waterfowl Survey database as a contribution to the Bird Conservation Node. These data are of interest to those engaged in international waterfowl conservation planning through the North American Waterfowl Management Plan and to researchers interested in annual variation in wintering waterfowl distribution and abundance.

 

·  Ecological Society of America (ESA)
The ESA and the NBII are cooperating to develop the Ecological Information Network (EIN), an online directory of ecologists available through the NBII. Through a Memorandum of Understanding, the ESA and the NBII, as well as the Federal Geographic Data Committee and The Nature Conservancy, help further the development and use of the National Vegetation Classification System and also use the NBII as the distribution and exchange mechanism for vegetation classification data.

·  Environment Canada
Environment Canada's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Network (EMAN) cooperates with the NBII Program in training EMAN scientists and technologists in the use of the NBII Biological Metadata Standard, and in metadata clearinghouse operation.  EMAN operates a node on the NBII Clearinghouse Gateway, which contains metadata from more than 90 research and monitoring sites, partners, and volunteer observers that are spread across the fifteen terrestrial eco-zones in Canada. EMAN metadata describes a wide variety of ecological data, including forest biodiversity, acidic deposition, and animal behavior.

·  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA is a federal partner in the development and operation of the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

 

·  Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)
The NBII Program is an active participant in the FGDC, cooperating with other FGDC members to broaden participation in the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI). The NSDI focuses on increasing access to and use of geospatial data from many agencies and organizations through a broadly distributed federation. The NBII and NSDI networks complement and support each other through reliance on common standards and protocols, joint funding for selected projects, shared resources to support metadata and clearinghouse training activities, and an emphasis on collaborations and partnerships among government and non-government agencies and organizations. NBII Program representatives participate in several FGDC sub-committees and working groups, including the Biological Data Working Group, the Vegetation Subcommittee, and the Clearinghouse Working Group.

·  Flora of North America (FNA)
FNA is a broad collaboration of institutions and individuals working to create the first comprehensive catalog of the flora of North America. FNA and the NBII have cooperated in making data and information from FNA accessible electronically through the NBII.

 

·  Gap Analysis Program (GAP)
Gap analysis is a U.S. Geological Survey-coordinated program within 49 states. GAP works cooperatively with individual state projects, conducted by a variety of institutions, including universities, state natural resource agencies, and others. GAP identifies "gaps" in the protection of biodiversity on a state-by-state basis. The key components of this program are the mapping of land cover according to dominant plant groups, the mapping of the distribution of vertebrate animal species, and the delineation of the level of protection within a state. Display of this information using a geographic information systems format, and analysis of the data collected, provides a snapshot of the status of plant and animal communities. It also provides land and resource managers with the key information they need to make scientifically-based resource decisions. Data and information developed through GAP projects are made available through the NBII and are made more useful through NBII analytical tools, user support, and through their integration with other available data sets. Typically, each state project includes five or more key partners.

·  Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
The NBII Program is the United States node for GBIF, which seeks to increase access to biodiversity information by linking biodiversity databases and tools into a single global information resource. The NBII Pacific Basin Information Node is hosting a meeting with interested delegates to plan an international Pacific Basin Information System.

·  Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP)
GISP provides an international perspective in the development of information and management strategies for invasive species. The NBII California Information Node and the NBII Pacific Basin Information Node are working with GISP to incorporate issues at the state level and to implement recommended strategies.

·  Global Learning Observations for the Betterment of the Environment (GLOBE) Program
The GLOBE Program is a hands-on environmental science and education program coordinated by the U.S. Government. It creates an international network of students in primary and secondary schools studying environmental issues, making environmental measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with the international environmental science community. Southern Appalachian Information Node's University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (UTC) partner has teamed with the GLOBE program to bring a biological/NBII component to the GLOBE Program. UTC has engaged K-12 students, teachers, community members, undergraduates, graduates, and UTC faculty in training to collect, analyze, and map biological data for the GLOBE Program.

·  Greater Yellowstone Coordinating Committee (GYCC)
The Committee is composed of managers from the National Parks and National Forests in the Greater Yellowstone Area and works to formulate and coordinate the region's Park and Forest agency plans and activities, share information and resources, and provide for the resolution of emerging issues within the area. The GYCC also provides a forum for interaction with other federal, state, and local agencies as well as private organizations and the public. The NBII Northern Rockies Information Node will serve as a Web presence for the GYCC.

 

·  Hiawatha Island Software LLC (HI Software)
NBII has partnered with HI Software to provide customized metadata tools, applications, and technology research to the NBII community and its partners.

·  Horne Engineering Services, Inc.
The NBII has contracted with Horne Engineering, an environmental engineering firm, to establish a formal partnership and develop a proof-of-concept related to Department of Defense managed lands.

 

·  Information International Associates, Inc., (IIa)
IIa manages information as a strategic resource for government and commercial clients. Since 1994, IIa has been providing biodiversity informatics support to the U.S. Geological Survey-Biological Resources Discipline in the development of the NBII. IIa has been a key partner in the NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN), as liaison with the NBII coalition, and with responsibilities for the collection and expansion of SAIN's inventory of data, information, and Internet tools.

·  Institute for Bird Populations (IBP)
IBP is a California nonprofit organization founded in 1989 to foster a global approach to research and the dissemination of information on changes in the abundance, distribution, and ecology of bird populations. IBP is best known for its Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS) program, a network of over 500 standardized bird-banding stations throughout the continental United States and Canada. MAPS utilizes constant-effort mist netting to monitor population demographics of dozens of North American land bird species. The NBII Bird Conservation Node will work with IBP to provide downloadable summaries of MAPS data via the Web.

·  Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
The NBII actively supports and participates in the planning and development of ITIS, a collaborative effort among U.S., Canadian, and Mexican government agencies, non-government organizations, and individual taxonomic scientists. ITIS is the only online, scientifically authoritative list of biological names and taxonomy for the plants and animals of North America. ITIS serves as the standard list of species names for the NBII.

·  Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee (IGBC)
The IGBC was created in 1983 to lead efforts toward grizzly bear recovery in the lower 48 states. Composed of representatives of state and federal agencies responsible for research and management action, the IGBC coordinates efforts to investigate factors affecting species recovery, and to effect management actions needed for recovery. Data and information compiled by the IGBC will be served through the NBII Northern Rockies Information Node.

·  InterAmerican Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN)
The NBII Program participates in the planning and development of IABIN, which seeks to increase access to and integration of biodiversity data across the Western Hemisphere. IABIN comprises all of the countries of the Americas, with 28 countries designated official IABIN Focal Points.

·  International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (IAFWA)
IAFWA represents states' interests in fish and wildlife management issues. The NBII and IAFWA have formed a cooperative agreement to work towards increased access to state conservation data through the NBII. IAFWA represents all of the fish and wildlife agencies in the United States (and the non-states of D.C., Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and Guam). IAFWA is housing an NBII staff member who is assisting in the identification of relevant data for inclusion in the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources node.

·  Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
The ISSG is part of the Species Survival Commission of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). The ISSG provides advice on threats from invasives that cause biodiversity loss to IUCN members, conservation practitioners, and policymakers. Having created the Global Invasive Species Database, the NBII has partnered with them to further populate the database. Another goal of the partnership is to stimulate the development and implementation of technologies, protocols, and practices needed to share knowledge relevant to invasive species.

 

·  Little Tennessee Watershed Association (LTWA)
The LTWA is organized to work with public agencies, conservation interests, community groups, and public and private landowners to develop and implement a strategy for the conservation and improvement of the water quality and habitat of the Little Tennessee River and its tributaries above the Fontana Reservoir. The LTWA has been collecting aquatic biomonitoring information from numerous stream segments in the Upper Little Tennessee Basin for as much as 14 years at some sites. The Southern Appalachian Information Node is working with the LTWA to make these data available in maps and graphic formats that are accessible and educational for numerous stakeholders and decision makers in the watershed communities.

 

·  Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health is the only accredited school of public health in the New York metropolitan area, and among the first in the nation. The multidisciplinary family of more than 700 graduate students and 150 faculty is dedicated to promoting health and preventing disease through research, education, and service in New York City, the United States, and around the world. The Mailman School houses six divisions, including biostatistics, environmental health sciences, epidemiology, health policy and management, population and family health, and sociomedical sciences. One of the strengths of the School is the ability to foster collaboration and synergy among many disciplines, bringing fresh ideas to the increasingly complex health problems of today.

·  Maryland Ornithological Society (MOS)
The MOS is a nonprofit, statewide organization of those who are interested in birds and nature. MOS promotes knowledge about our natural resources and fosters its appreciation and conservation. MOS publishes a wide variety of publications including the Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. The Atlas provides extensive data about the 199 species that are known to breed in Maryland and the District, based on a five-year study conducted during the 1980s. MOS will conduct a second breeding bird atlas of Maryland and the District of Columbia for a five-year period, beginning in 2002. The USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and the NBII Bird Conservation Node will work together with MOS to develop a relational database for breeding bird atlas data; populate the database with data from the 1980s atlas; and develop Web-based data entry, data review, and data retrieval Web pages for the current atlas data.

·  Meadowlands Environmental Research Institute (MERI)
Established in 1998, the MERI is administered by the Rutgers University Center for Information Management, Integration, and Connectivity in collaboration with the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission. MERI is dedicated to the scientific study of the Meadowlands District, an urban area dominated by coastal wetlands in northeastern New Jersey. They have brought together some of the world's best scientists to provide both basic science and practical technologies to monitor, protect, and ultimately improve the environment in the Meadowlands District. Techniques that are successful in the District have broad practical application throughout similar areas in the United States and the world. Teaming with NASA, MERI uses the most advanced satellite imaging available to provide vast and varied information about New Jersey. Sensors placed throughout the Meadowlands District collect continuous data regarding weather and air and water quality. The information technology component of MERI has developed advanced computer mapping applications to put this mountain of satellite, sensor, and chemical analytical data into usable visual formats. MERI has also sought to reach outside the laboratory and let citizens know what their scientists are learning through educational programs for students, local government officials, and the general public. The knowledge, techniques, and technologies developed by MERI will have a significant, positive impact on the Meadowlands and similar areas and, thus, on people throughout the world.

·  The Metropolitan East Coast Assessment
The Metropolitan East Coast Regional Assessment (Climate Change and a Global City), a collaborative partnership between Columbia Earth Institute, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, and Montclair State University, focuses on the issues of climate change in a major urban center. The assessment covers the 31 counties of the New York City metropolitan region. The area consists of 13,000 square miles, with jurisdictions involving 1,600 cities, town, and villages in the three states of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. The 2000 U.S. Census numbered the total regional population at 21.5 million, of which 8 million live in New York City. The assessment focuses on seven sectors: Coasts, Wetlands, Transportation Infrastructure, Water Supply Management, Public Health, Energy, and Land-Use and Infrastructure Decision-Making. Key to the assessment process is the focus on the identification of vulnerability, adaptation strategies, policy recommendations, and gaps in knowledge.

·  Montana State University Geographic Information and Analysis Center
The Center is a major partner with USGS in the initial development of data and information products for the NBII Northern Rockies Information Node, including an extensive metadata set for the Greater Yellowstone Area.

 

·  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
NASA's Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) and the NBII Program cooperate in the development of standardized metadata descriptions of biological data sets from many sources, and in the serving of these metadata through the NBII Clearinghouse and the GCMD. NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center has also partnered with USGS and the NBII Invasive Species Information Node to utilize high-performance computing capabilities for the predictive spatial modeling of invasives.

·  National Atlas of the United States
The NBII Program participates in the development of the National Atlas by supporting the preparation and inclusion of key biological data sets from the NBII in the National Atlas.

·  National Center for Ecological Analysis & Synthesis (NCEAS)
NCEAS participates in the Federal Geographic Data Committee's Biological Data Working Group, and assisted in the development of the NBII Biological Metadata Standard. With the University of California-Davis, NCEAS is exploring the mapping and modeling of biodiversity data, particularly with respect to land use planning. This work, in addition to technical support from their University of California-Santa Barbara facility, will play a key role in the development of the NBII California Information Node.

·  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
NOAA is a federal partner in the development and operation of the Integrated Taxonomic Information System, particularly through the involvement of the National Marine Fisheries Service and the National Oceanographic Data Center. NOAA's Coastal Services Center cooperates with the NBII Program in providing biological metadata training courses to federal and non-federal agency staff.

·  National Park Service (NPS)
The NPS protects and preserves the nation's natural and cultural heritage for the American people. The NPS uses the Integrated Taxonomic Information System as its source for scientific nomenclature and taxonomy of plant and animal species in the National Parks. NPS and the NBII Program cooperate on providing biological metadata training courses to federal and non-federal agencies. The Park Service is a member of the NBII Pacific Basin Information Node, where it provides access to information and as a customer shares in developing direction for the node. NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN) partners with a number of units of the NPS to facilitate access to biological information held by the NPS. The NPS is also providing valuable data to NBII's newly-forming Invasive Species Information Node.

  • Appalachian Highlands Network and Cumberland-Piedmont Network of the NPS Natural Resource Challenge -- The Natural Resource Challenge is the NPS action plan for preserving natural resources. NPS is undertaking a nationwide endeavor to advance the management and protection of natural resources in the national park system. The Challenge focuses energy, commitment, and resources on the NPS mission to preserve and protect our natural heritage for the American people. SAIN is working with these two NPS networks in the Southern Appalachian region and beyond to assist with information synthesis and dissemination.
  • Appalachian Trail Park Office (ATPO) -- The ATPO in Harpers Ferry, WV, manages the Appalachian Trail with its primary partner, the Appalachian Trail Conference, through a multi-organizational cooperative management system. SAIN is working through Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere with the ATPO and partners to prototype information exchange that will assist the cooperative management system in managing resources along the 2167-mile length of the Appalachian Trail.
  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park, All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI) -- Scientists and staff of the Great Smoky Mountains have teamed with the not-for-profit group Discover Life in America in a research effort that is taking a comprehensive inventory of all life forms in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The project taps the expertise of taxonomists (people who differentiate and classify plants and animals), data specialists, biologists, botanists, and ecologists, among others. The ATBI provides information for resource management, education, and a baseline from which to measure change. SAIN is working with the ATBI to help define and implement means of disseminating the many types of data being collected, analyzed, and summarized.

 

·  National Science Foundation (NSF)
NSF and the NBII Program are collaborating to sponsor selected workshops to broaden understanding and participation in the NBII within key communities, including research scientists; federal, state, and local government agencies; private industry; non-government organizations; and international biodiversity informatics organizations. NSF worked with the NBII Program and other federal and non-federal partners in leading U.S. participation in planning for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility.

·  Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory (NREL)
A key research center in the international biological program of Colorado State University at Fort Collins, NREL faculty and students are the focal point for the NBII Invasive Species Information Node and its data consortium on invasives.

·  Natural Science Collections (NSC) Alliance (formerly the Association of Systematics Collections)
The NSC Alliance and the NBII collaborate in developing and maintaining the Taxonomic Resources Expertise Directory (TRED) and the Directory of Research Systematics Collections on the NBII. The NSC Alliance and its member institutions are active participants in the overall development of the NBII, focusing particularly on efforts to help increase electronic access to data from natural history collections throughout the United States.

·  The Nature Conservancy (TNC)
Since 1951, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) has been working with communities, businesses, and individuals to protect more than 92 million acres around the world. Its primary mission is to preserve the plants, animals, and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on Earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive. The NBII has a history of close collaboration with TNC. TNC and the NBII cooperated to develop the initial Natural Heritage Network Web site and are working together with other partners to help provide increased, integrated access to selected data from TNC's central databases, including their rich geospatial data sets. Through a Memorandum of Understanding, TNC and the NBII, along with the Federal Geographic Data Committee and the Ecological Society of America, help further the development and use of the National Vegetation Classification System and use the NBII as the distribution and exchange mechanism for vegetation classification data. The NBII is also exploring ways to collaborate with ConserveOnline, TNC's public library of conservation tools, techniques, and experience. The NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node is working with various regional offices of TNC in providing regional data and information. TNC is also contributing to the NBII California Information Node focus on invasive species, assessing various monitoring strategies that emphasize invasive species control methods. They are also key collaborators for the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) as they serve to identify partners and potential data sets, assess protocols, and provide other information products for PBIN.

·  NatureServe (formerly the Association for Biodiversity Information)
NatureServe and the NBII are working together to make information about species and ecosystems at risk more broadly available for government, industry, and the public, and are exploring opportunities for establishing NatureServe as a national-level NBII node. NatureServe represents the biological inventory, exploration, and information management activities formerly carried out by The Nature Conservancy and serves as secretariat for the state agency-based natural heritage programs, which are leading sources of biological data in every U.S. state and each province in Canada. The NBII has supported the establishment of key NatureServe Web resources, including the electronic directory of natural heritage programs, and is currently working with NatureServe to advance such public Web offerings as NatureServe Explorer, which provides access to detailed information on more than 50,000 North American species and ecosystems.

·  New Jersey Meadowlands Commission
The New Jersey Meadowlands Commission was created by an act of the New Jersey Legislature in 1968 and was passed into law in January 1969, covering 10 communities in Bergen County and four in Hudson County. The act gave the Commission three mandates: Environmental Protection, Economic Development, and Solid Waste Management. The District is now home to more than 265 different species of birds and is recognized as a major migratory fly-over and resting preserve. Shellfish and finfish have returned in abundance.

·  North American Biodiversity Information Network (NABIN)
The NBII Program participates on the Steering Committee for the development of NABIN, which seeks to increase access to and integration of biodiversity data from Canada, Mexico, and the United States.

·  North Chickamauga Creek Conservancy (NCCC)
The NCCC is a citizen-created nonprofit organization that provides a structured, dedicated framework for constructive, proactive citizen involvement and support in conserving the significant natural, historic, and cultural resources located within and near the watershed area of North Chickamauga Creek. NCCC's work is supported through a combination of grants from local and national foundations and contributions and volunteer services from supportive individuals, companies, and organizations. The NCCC pursues its initiatives through the efforts of its committees and works in partnership with other organizations and governmental entities to accomplish common conservation goals. University of Tennessee-Chattanooga, as an NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node partner, is assisting the NCCC with environmental data and geographic information systems tools and education. This pilot project will further demonstrate the value of scientific information and decision-aiding tools in conserving the environs of the scenic city of Chattanooga.

·  Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering (NACSE)
Located at Oregon State University, NACSE is part of the Metacenter Regional Alliances program sponsored by the National Science Foundation. Their goal is to provide Web-based training materials and tools for learning about computational techniques and parallel programming to scientists, engineers, and students. NACSE is partnering with the NBII Pacific Northwest Information Node to Web-enable complex biological databases and provide assistance with geographic information systems mapping capabilities.

·  Northwest Habitat Institute (NHI)
The NHI is a non-profit scientific and educational organization. Their mission is to promote and facilitate the conservation of Pacific Northwest native species and habitats through the development and dissemination of data-rich and verifiable information, maps, and tools as well as the restoration and enhancement of native habitats. The NHI is working with the NBII Pacific Northwest Information Node to provide Web-enabled wildlife, fish, and habitat data about the Pacific Northwest through their Interactive Biodiversity Information System.

 

·  Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
The Department of Energy's ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development to: create scientific knowledge and technological solutions that strengthen the nation's leadership in key areas of science; increase the availability of clean, abundant energy; restore and protect the environment; and contribute to national security. The 35,000-acre Oak Ridge Reservation is a core unit of the Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve, with over 1200 vascular plants and a diverse assemblage of other organisms occupying one of the few remaining intact areas of the Ridge and Valley province in the region. ORNL's Environmental Sciences Division is providing technical leadership to the NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node, environmental data for the region, ecological modeling capabilities, and a national NBII Clearinghouse that provides the metadata infrastructure and information support for utilization by all the NBII regional nodes.

 

·  Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access (PASDA)
PASDA is Pennsylvania's official geospatial information clearinghouse and was developed as a service to the citizens, governments, and businesses of Pennsylvania. Federal, state, local, and regional government agencies as well as non-profit organizations and academic institutions throughout the region provide data on PASDA. The USGS Northern Appalachian Research Laboratory (NARL) is partnering with PASDA to develop the NBII Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Node. PASDA will develop site infrastructure, Web geographic information systems, interactive mapping capabilities, and online metadata documentation tools, as well as ensure the integration of fisheries data with existing framework data available on the PASDA site.

·  Plumtree
Plumtree is the private sector firm whose tools are being used to develop the NBII portal, My.NBII.Gov.

·  Point Reyes Bird Observatory (PRBO)
The PRBO is the leading private avian science research organization on the West Coast, and leads the Partners In Flight and several Habitat Joint Ventures in California. PRBO is beginning a project with the NBII California Information Node (CAIN) to provide data on the region's bird populations, particularly in riparian and flood plain areas. The data will be used in conjunction with CalFED's river and riparian restoration projects and will be made available through CAIN.

·  The Polistes Foundation
A non-profit organization whose mission is to encourage nature-based learning and discovery research to improve public awareness of environmental issues and protect the diversity of life on Earth. The NBII is partnering with the foundation to create innovative Web-based identification keys to living things. Emphasis in the near term will be on butterflies, flowers, caterpillars, and invasive species. A system of "easy names" as unique identifiers will link to the scientific names in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System database.

·  Profusion
Profusion has provided the NBII with technology and applications support for the creation and management of, and enhancements to, the NBII's BioBot intelligent search agent.

 

·  Regional Ecosystem Office (Portland, OR)
Provide access to Northwest Forest Plan documents and monitoring databases.

·  Rocky Mountains Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit (CESU)
The CESU provides research, technical assistance, and education to federal land management, environmental, and research agencies, and their potential partners. It develops programs of research, technical assistance, and education that involve the biological, physical, social, and cultural sciences needed to address resources issues and interdisciplinary problem-solving at multiple scales and in an ecosystem context. The CESU places special emphasis on the working collaboration among federal agencies, universities, and related partner institutions. The NBII Northern Rockies Information Node will partner with the CESU and will provide a significant Web presence for the unit's information holdings.

 

·  San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC)
SDSC has collaborated with the NBII in developing techniques for making biological and ecological analysis tools available online through the NBII. With other NBII partners, SDSC participates in the development of a strategic plan for providing increased electronic access to biological data from U.S. natural history collections.

·  SAS Institute, Inc.
The SAS Institute is working with the NBII on various data warehousing and data mining technologies for the NBII.

·  Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC)
The NBII has contracted with SAIC, a research and engineering company, to evaluate the most effective alternatives for integrating geographic information systems data/information on the Web.

·  Smithsonian Institution
The Smithsonian is a federal partner in the development and operation of the Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

  • Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
    The Center is providing data and technical support on multiple databases, related to the identification and tracking of invasive marine species. This data will be made available through both the NBII California Information Node and the NBII Pacific Basin Information Node.

 

·  Sonoma (CA) Ecology Center
The Sonoma Ecology Center is a non-profit organization working toward a condition of sustainable ecological health in the Sonoma Valley through community-supported research, education, restoration and preservation. The Center is working with the NBII California Information Node to provide access to mapping and species distribution prediction data from their Arundo donax (Giant reed) eradication project.

·  Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Program (SAMAB)
The vision of the SAMAB Program is to promote the achievement of a sustainable balance between the conservation of biological diversity, compatible economic uses, and cultural values across the Southern Appalachians. This balance is achieved by collaborating with stakeholders through information gathering and sharing, integrated assessments, and demonstration projects directed toward the solution of critical regional issues. The Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN) partnership with SAMAB leverages data and resources from 11 federal agencies and three states in the region, including the Southern Appalachian Assessment and related follow-on efforts. It also provides a mechanism for collaboration with universities, community organizations, non-profits, and private-sector/corporate organizations in the region through the SAMAB Foundation. SAMAB has been key to the administration of SAIN through partnership with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and University of Tennessee-Knoxville. SAMAB contributes to the technical leadership of SAIN as well as project management and coordination.

·  Southwest Strategy (SWS)
The SWS, a multi-agency group, collaborates with the NBII Southwest Information Node in defining key issues and information and analytical tool needs of resource managers for the southwest region.

 

·  Tennessee Aquarium/Tennessee Aquatic Research Institute (TARI)
The Tennessee Aquarium inspires wonder and appreciation for the natural world. Guests can journey through a spectacular 60-foot canyon and two living forests, where there are over 9,000 animals that swim, fly, and crawl in natural habitats. The TARI is a not-for-profit enterprise created in 1996 through collaboration among the Tennessee Aquarium, the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, and the Tennessee River Gorge Trust. TARI's mission is to carry out environmental research to help ensure the health and long-term sustainability of regional natural resources. TARI is conducting an aquatic GAP project in association with the Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN) and making aquatic ecology data available through SAIN.

·  Tennessee River Gorge Trust (TRGT)
The TRGT owns and/or protects 25,000 acres of land carved through the Cumberland Mountains by 26 miles of the Tennessee River. This core unit of the Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve is one of the most unique natural treasures in the Southeast. It is the only large river canyon bordering a mid-size city and is the fourth largest river canyon east of the Mississippi. The scenic terrain of the Tennessee River Gorge creates a unique diversity of landforms and provides habitats for more than a thousand varieties of plants, ferns, trees, grasses, and flowers as well as a rich wildlife population. The TRGT protects the ecological diversity, scenic beauty, and historic past of the nationally significant river canyon. The site serves as an ecosystem research center for the University of Tennessee-Chattanooga and the TRGT has worked integrally with the Southern Appalachian Information Node in developing the river-gorge pilot project with a primary deliverable.

·  Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
The TVA supplies low-cost, reliable power; supports a thriving river system by managing an integrated, technically elegant system of dams, locks, and reservoirs in the Tennessee River watershed; and stimulates economic growth through a network of reservoirs and power plants that reaches across the Tennessee Valley. The TVA contributes a wide variety of data and information to many partners across the valley on a regular basis. The Southern Appalachian Information Node is working with the TVA to develop means of making its data and information more readily accessible.

·  Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA)
The TWRA, formerly the Game and Fish Commission, consists of more than 500 professionals dedicated to the preservation, conservation, and enhancement of Tennessee's fish and wildlife for the enjoyment of all Tennesseans and visitors. Unlike most departments, which are supported by tax revenues, the TWRA is funded largely through monies generated by licenses and permits purchased by hunters, anglers, and other outdoor enthusiasts. TWRA specialists conduct wildlife and aquatic education workshops, protect the state's vital wetlands, monitor water quality, and preserve the state's disappearing wildlife species. TWRA engineers construct boat ramps and docks for the boating and fishing public, while other professionals create accurate, updated maps of agency-managed properties through a state-of-the-art computer imaging system. The Southern Appalachian Information Node is collaborating with this partner by assisting the agency with the documentation of its data sets and in providing online access to TWRA data and information.

·  Town of Walden, Tennessee
The town of Walden, Tennessee -- in partnership with the Regional Planning Agency and the NBII Southern Appalachian Information Node -- is using scientific data and decision-aiding tools for revision of their zoning ordinance and implementing that ordinance to guide land-use decisions in the town.

 

·  United States-Colombia Alliance
A program of cooperation between the U.S. Department of the Interior and the Colombian Ministry of the Environment. The NBII Program shares expertise on the development of biodiversity information networks and collaborates on joint projects.

·  University of California

Davis

Riverside

    • Center for Conservation Biology (CCB) -- The CCB focuses on tracking and evaluating restoration efforts for critical habitat and other regions of concern. CCB and CAIN collaborate on metadata and catalogs and plan to develop strategies for more extensive information exchanges on regional biological monitoring data.

White Mountain

    • The White Mountain Research Station (WMRS) -- The WMRS teaches field courses in landscape ecology and environmental assessment focused on public lands in the Eastern Sierra Nevada and Owens Valley. It is also a Federal Geographic Data Committee regional clearinghouse. CAIN scientists participate in WMRS training activities and metadata development and are developing proposals for more extensive bioregion-to-statewide information exchanges on biological and geospatial data.

 

·  University of Georgia
The Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN) is working with Dr. John Pickering at the University of Georgia -- in partnership with the Polistes Foundation, the USGS Logan Laboratory, and the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center -- to provide SAIN with Web-based species identification tools. The tools are developed by Pickering with the Polistes Foundation, whose mission is to encourage nature-based learning and discovery research to improve public awareness of environmental issues and protect the diversity of life on Earth.

·  University of Hawaii
The University of Hawaii is a key participant in the NBII Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and partners through a variety of programs and organizations as well as provides space for the PBIN office at the Maui Research and Technology Park.

  • Center for Conservation Research and Training --The Center provides opportunities for students to participate in PBIN development as well as data and information products relevant to conservation. It is also the organization that currently houses the Hawaii Natural Heritage Program.
  • Hawaii Natural Heritage Program (HINHP) -- HINHP compiles and maintains detailed, comprehensive information on Hawaii's rarest biological resources. HINHP's mission is to synthesize, interpret, and distribute this information to a wide set of appropriate users toward making a positive impact on biodiversity protection. HINHP will provide geographic information systems and geospatial mapping capabilities to PBIN.
  • Maui High Performance Supercomputing Center -- The Center provides PBIN access to unique supercomputing resources. The resources include high-bandwidth for PBIN, access to vase storage capacity and technology, and technical support for high-end computations.

 

·  University of Kansas
The University of Kansas is a partner in various museum and collection efforts as they relate to data and information management.

·  University of New Mexico

  • Department of Biology -- The Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program collaborates with the NBII Southwest Information Node (SWIN) in defining ecological issues and research needs relevant to the southwest region.
  • Earth Data Analysis Center (EDAC) -- EDAC provides technical support and image processing of data sets incorporated into SWIN mapping applications.
  • Museum of Southwestern Biology -- The Museum of Southwestern Biology collaborates with the SWIN in providing pertinent museum collection information on vertebrate species for the southwest region.

 

·  University of the South
The Southern Appalachian Information Node is working with Dr. Jonathan Evans of the University of the South to make available data and information from their recent study of forest sustainability on the southern Cumberland Plateau.

·  University of Tennessee
A number of programs of the University of Tennessee on the Knoxville and Chattanooga campuses are core partners in the Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN), providing a wide range of staff expertise, facilities, and access to biological and related data.

Chattanooga

    • Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences. -- The University of Tennessee, Chattanooga (UTC) Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences has research and teaching laboratories, a darkroom, a scanning electron microscope, a geographic information systems (GIS) computer laboratory, animal quarters, greenhouse, and an aquatic field station on the Tennessee River. The department is affiliated with the Gulf Coast Research Laboratories in Ocean Springs, Mississippi, which provides facilities and equipment for formal classroom studies in marine biology and oceanography. It is also affiliated with the Highlands Biological Station in North Carolina, which is a regional field station for biological research and education in the southern Appalachian Mountains. As a SAIN partner, UTC has been developing a curriculum for GIS education and application, providing long-term biological monitoring protocols, creating metadata and metadata submission protocols, and developing cross-node educational outreach. Bright Elementary School and Nolan Elementary School are beneficiaries of the UTC education outreach efforts, which have been initiated in collaboration with the Chattanooga/Hamilton County Regional Planning Agency, and the GLOBE Program.

Knoxville

    • The University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) SunSITE (Sun Software, Information, and Technology Exchange) is part of Sun Microsystems' pioneering program to showcase the value of networked information technology through grants and partnerships with selected universities. From its inception in 1992, the SunSITE program has grown to include more than 25 universities around the world. SunSITEs provide online libraries, software distribution centers, and electronic publishing agencies for their respective regions and for the Internet at large. Moreover, SunSITEs have shown tremendous leadership in creating, implementing, and exhibiting to the Internet some of the most innovative information technology available. UTK's SunSITE plays a role as repository and distribution center for important information and software, but its primary goal is to support the creation within the Internet community of the network-information tools required to build the next generation of learning environments for higher education. SunSITE is working with SAIN in the development and implementation of its computing infrastructure including Web site, database, Internet map service, and related hardware and software. SunSITE has contributed system hardware and software, system administration, and database administration support on an in-kind basis.
    • UTK's Systems Development Institute is providing leadership, design, development, and facilitation to SunSITE for the SAIN systems infrastructure.
    • The Joint Institute for Energy and the Environment, a joint activity of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee Valley Authority, and UTK, hosts the Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere program, and provides much of the administrative assistance for SAIN's contractual relations with USGS and the various SAIN partners.
    • UTK's Applied Visualization Laboratory is facilitating student development of a 3-D model for visualization of alternative land development scenarios in the Tennessee River Gorge.
    • SAIN is working with faculty and students in the UTK Geography Department and Planning School on GIS applications and planning tools for decision-making.

 

·  University of Washington, College of Forest Resources
The University of Washington provides support to the USGS Pacific Northwest Information Node through hosting the Web site and offering other technical assistance.

·  U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

  • USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) -- ARS is a federal partner in the development and operation of the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). The ARS National Agricultural Library is cooperating with the NBII Program to develop and operate a new government-wide Web site that will help provide increased access to invasive species information from federal agencies and other sources.
  • USDA Forest Service (USFS) -- The NBII California Information Node (CAIN) is collaborating with the Sierra Nevada Science Center, which is part of the Pacific Southwest Research Station, on a Sierra Nevada Science Symposium planned for October 2002. The partnership will focus on developing a catalog and assessment of information needed for adaptive management on Sierra Forest Service lands and on information resources and models needed to assess prospects for increasing energy production from forest biomass. In addition, the Forest Service is working with the CAIN to assess opportunities for developing biomass fuel policies, with goals of fire prevention, greenhouse gas management, and watershed and open-space protection. Landscape-level geographic information systems will support strategies for changing land use patterns to address global warming, and fire protection, and to predict fire effects on California plant communities. These products will be available in the future years of the CAIN project. In Hawaii, the Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry provides information to PBIN on exotic pest plant species in the Pacific Islands through its Pacific Island Ecosystem at Risk project and on the risk potential of plants in the horticultural and forestry trade.
    • USFS Pacific Northwest Research Station, Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Lab (Seattle, WA) -- The Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Lab is a data partner of the Pacific Northwest Information Node, serving as a source of forest and fire-related data.
    • USFS Southern Research Station (SRS) -- The USFS SRS mission is to create the science and technology needed to sustain and enhance southern forest ecosystems and the benefits they provide. SAIN is working with the SRS to make more visible and accessible the results of SRS research, including the hypertext Encyclopedia of Southern Forest Ecosystems and results from regional Forest Inventory and Analysis and Forest Health Monitoring.
  • USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) -- NRCS is a federal partner in the development and operation of ITIS. NRCS operates the National PLANTS Database, which is a key source of plant-related information for the NBII and ITIS. NRCS is working with the NBII program to develop information on identification, biology, and distribution of invasive, non-native plants (weeds), and to make this information available through the NBII, PLANTS, and the National Atlas of the United States.

 

·  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
Via the USGS, an electronic survey is being distributed to every USFWS Refuge to collect information about the composition and extent of species invasion. The NBII Invasive Species Information Node will compile this data into a central database to facilitate early detection and predictive modeling efforts for invasives in each Refuge.

  • USFWS Division of Bird Habitat Conservation -- A co-lead of the NBII Bird Conservation Node, the Division of Bird Habitat Conservation contributes data and expertise regarding national and international management plans that conserve habitat for migratory birds.
  • USFWS Division of Migratory Bird Management -- A co-lead of the NBII Bird Conservation Node, the Division of Migratory Bird Management will provide access to population and habitat database holdings, including the Breeding Waterfowl Population and Habitat Survey, and the Mid-winter Waterfowl Survey. These data sets will also be contributing to the data consortium of the Invasive Species Information Node.
  • USFWS Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office -- This project was begun as a pilot project to test the feasibility of creating a geo-referenced bibliography to scientific products relevant to biodiversity management in the state of Hawaii. The pilot was completed with a map of Oahu containing imbedded links to 2300 references to bibliographic information. To date the map of Oahu is imbedded with links to a bibliographic list of references. The references may also be queried by selecting key words. Approximately 50% of the references have been added to the University of Hawaii's Hamilton Library.

 

·  U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The USGS is the nation's integrated-science agency, with research efforts across a broad range of geological, biological, hydrological, and cartographic sciences. The USGS administers the NBII Program through the USGS Biological Informatics Office (BIO) and the USGS Center for Biological Informatics (CBI). USGS funds many NBII activities and makes its biological data sets accessible -- such as the North American Breeding Bird Survey -- through the NBII.

  • USGS Appalachian Integrated Science Initiative -- The USGS is planning a research program that would perform integrated, interdisciplinary analysis of selected issues in the Appalachian region. The Southern Appalachian Information Node (SAIN) is participating in the planning efforts with the goal of providing support to the program for the communication and dissemination of results.
  • USGS Center for Biological Informatics (CBI) -- The Center is active in the development of the national infrastructure for NBII. It provides for day-to-day management of the NBII, research into new technologies, pilot projects to test new and innovative technology solutions, and access to data sets collected by Center scientists and partners. CBI is also a partner to the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN), where CBI staff assist with the design and development of the node and are collaborating in pilot studies to test new technology solutions in a distributed (node) environment.
  • USGS Center for Coastal and Regional Marine Studies -- Located in St. Petersburg, Florida, this Center serves as a key partner in the proposed NBII Southeast and Caribbean Information Node, a new node that will provide access to data and information on such topics as coral reefs, Everglades restoration, coastal processes, invasive species, and offshore studies.
  • USGS Colorado Plateau Field Station -- The Station's Southwest Exotic Mapping Program is working with the NBII California Information Node to develop joint data collection and data sharing strategies for non-indigenous plant distributions.
  • USGS Florida Caribbean Science Center -- This Center's Non-Indigenous Aquatic Species Program is working with the NBII California Information Node to develop joint data collection and sharing strategies for freshwater invasive species. They are also partnering with the PBIN in developing content for the site, helping in testing of portal software, and aiding in the incorporation of invasive species data including marine, estuarian, and freshwater habitats.
  • USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center -- provides assistance to the Pacific Northwest Information Node by identifying new partners and providing technical support to the node.
  • USGS GAP Analysis Program (Southeastern GAP) -- The mission of the Gap Analysis Program (GAP) is to provide regional assessments of the conservation status of native vertebrate species and natural land cover types and to facilitate the application of this information to land management activities. It is a cooperative effort among regional state and federal agencies and private groups, as well as the BRD functions of inventory, monitoring, research, and information transfer. The SAIN is exploring, with state GAP programs in the region, means by which the state programs can leverage or make better use of their data by applying them to regional issues that transcend state boundaries.
  • USGS Fort Collins Science Center -- This Center is a lead agency in the NBII Southwest Information Node and the NBII Invasive Species Node.
  • USGS National Wildlife Health Center -- This Center is the lead agency for the proposed NBII Wildlife Disease-Human Health Information Node.
  • USGS Northern Appalachian Research Laboratory -- This field station is the lead agency for the NBII Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Node.
  • USGS Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center -- This Center is the lead agency for the NBII Northern Rockies Information Node.
  • USGS Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center -- This Center helped to forge the initial partnership and provides a wealth of data and scientific leadership critical to the development of PBIN. The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, a PIERC initiative dealing with invasive species, will be a major source of data for PBIN. The Center is also providing a large set of bird data and developing the bird theme for the node.
  • USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC) -- A co-lead of the NBII Bird Conservation Node, PWRC contributes data and expertise regarding the monitoring and research of non-game migratory birds. They will provide online access to such bird monitoring and populations databases as the Breeding Bird Survey and the Colonial Waterbirds Survey.
  • USGS Southern Appalachian Field Laboratory -- The mission of the Southern Appalachian Field Laboratory is to conduct basic and applied research to address natural resource management problems on Department of Interior lands, with an emphasis on experimental research; long-term or regional, national, or global issues; and a holistic perspective of problem-solving directed toward entire ecosystems. The Field Laboratory has contributed spatial data on potential black bear habitat for the Southern Appalachians and on habitat conditions conducive to butternut canker across the region. A member of the Field Laboratory staff has participated in the Tennessee River Gorge pilot project, directing student work on a three-dimensional model of the Gorge and an evaluation of the use of scientific information in the process of revision of the Town of Walden's zoning ordinance.

 

 

·  Valles Caldera National Preserve Trust
The Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP) Trust and its Board of Trustees is a federal-state-local-private organization overseeing the VCNP, purchased by the federal government in 2001. It supports NBII Southwest Information Node efforts to provide pertinent biological information and analysis tools to aid in science-based natural resource decision-making.

 

·  Wildlife Trust
Wildlife Trust is a U.S.-based conservation science organization that works with local scientists and educators in communities worldwide to save threatened species by saving the places they live and by making allies of the people who live with them. With three decades of international experience, Wildlife Trust works on the ground, around the globe, targeting the hardest cases -- those in which development for humans is threatening the survival of wildlife and their ecosystems. Their work focuses on applied wildlife science, conservation medicine, conservation education, and professional development. Community by community, Wildlife Trust helps people see that the conditions that permit the survival of species and biodiversity are the very same conditions that support their own health and prosperity.

http://www.nbii.gov/about/partner/alpha.html