Operation Community Shield - MS-13 [Mara Salvatrucha], as well as other gangs such as Surenos, 18th Street gang, Latin Kings, Vatos Locos, Mexican Mafia, La Raza gang, Border Brothers, Brown Pride, Norteno, Florencia 13, Tiny Rascal, Asian Boyz and Jamaican Posse
(Note: This provides ample proof that cross-border crime and gang activities not only exists, but also is overwhelming efforts at national, state and local levels. Why close the borders? With all this proof, a more compelling question might be, "Why not?")
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
Operation Community Shield, launched in March 2005, is ICE’s comprehensive law enforcement initiative targeting violent criminal street gangs nationwide.
Initially, the focus of the effort was the Mara Salvatrucha organization, commonly referred to as “MS-13,” one of the most violent and rapidly growing of these street gangs. During Phase I, ICE arrested 359 MS-13 members including 10 clique leaders.
In May 2005, ICE expanded Operation Community Shield to include all criminal street gangs that pose a risk to public safety and a concern to national security, putting into motion an aggressive law enforcement action with the goal to investigate, arrest and prosecute any violent street gang members, leaders and/or associates of MS-13, as well as other gangs such as Surenos, 18th Street gang, Latin Kings, Vatos Locos, Mexican Mafia, La Raza gang, Border Brothers, Brown Pride, Norteno, Florencia 13, Tiny Rascal, Asian Boyz and Jamaican Posse, that routinely seek to exploit or engage in violent criminal activities.
Under Operation Community Shield, ICE focuses its powerful enforcement tool on a single goal: dismantling gang organizations by targeting its members, seizing its financial assets and disrupting its criminal operations.
News Releases, September 2006:
Table of Contents for gangs in court
Methamphetamine Use and Sales Among Gang Members: The Cross-Over Effect
By Curtis J. Robinson
National Gang Crime Research Center (NGCRC)
Project Safe Neighborhoods [PSN] In Practice II
Budget Document, City of Morgan Hill, California
the Street Crimes Team to document gang members due to an
increase in gang activity between the norteno and sureno gangs
and increased presence ...
http://www.morgan-hill.ca.gov/Upload/Document/D240003577/5ExpenditureDetails.pdf (192 pages; 621 KB)