|'You're not killing my animals!'
Refuge owner battles UK government over slaughter policy
April 27, 2002
By Sarah Foster
When reporters ask Juanita Wilson, owner of an animal sanctuary [Mossburn
Animal Center] in [Hightae] southern Scotland, what she remembers most
about last year's foot-and-mouth epidemic, she doesn't hesitate a minute
"The raid on my premises minutes before 6 o'clock in the morning
[May 11]," she answers. "There were at least 30 policemen –
we've never been able to ascertain how many exactly, but there were two
mini-buses full and a lot of individual cars, plus the slaughter team.
They had come to kill my animals and were blocking the roads to keep the
media and protesters from getting to me. It's something I'll never
Wilson, 54, founded the Mossburn Animal Centre 14 years ago at Hightae,
a small rural community four miles southwest of Lockerbie. Here, animals
that have been abused, abandoned or injured find loving care and a safe
home. As a non-profit charity, the center provides educational
opportunities for children and adults with various emotional and
learning problems who find working with animals therapeutic.
Among the guinea pigs, geese, ferrets, polecats, ponies, pigs, dogs and
cats are three sheep and 14 goats. When foot-and-mouth hit the area in
early March 2001, Wilson was worried about them. Cattle, sheep, goats
and even alpacas on farms around Mossburn were being "culled
out" by slaughter teams, and white trucks – dubbed "cull
wagons" – trundled their way through the countryside carrying the
bodies of tens of thousands of animals to mass burial pits and funeral
But her veterinarian checked her sheep and goats daily and gave them a
clean bill of health.
"Not only did he check them every day, he drew blood for testing.
But MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, the
then-responsible agency] refused to accept his samples for testing or to
do any testing of their own," she told WorldNetDaily.
In early May, Wilson was notified by MAFF that her sheep and goats were
to be slaughtered. It seemed strange timing considering that the
neighboring farm had been culled out four and a half weeks before, and
the incubation period for the virus, had it reached her animals, was
But she has no doubts as to what precipitated MAFF's sudden interest in
Though never a "political animal," as she puts it – a spot
of campaigning for a candidate for the local council was the extent of
her interests in that area – "it's just that this kind of thing
makes you political."
When the mass slaughtering started, Wilson was galvanized into action,
helping stage rallies in front of MAFF headquarters in Dumfries. One of
these was held April 29. The following evening she and political
activist and publicist Alistair McConnachie co-hosted a public meeting
in Lockerbie that featured a panel of well-informed anti-cull,
pro-vaccination speakers, including a notable scientist. Over 200 people
The speakers told the audience in no uncertain terms that the
government's policy of "contiguous culling" – under which
animals on farms and properties within a 3-kilometer [1.86 miles] radius
of an "infected premise" were killed whether diseased or not
(most were not) – was not only unnecessary and ineffective for
controlling the spread of the disease, but unlawful. They said that
neither the UK Animal Health Act nor the regulations of the European
Union required or permitted such a policy. Most important, they
explained that there was an alternative to culling; a vaccine existed
which was used in much of the world to control foot-and-mouth, but the
UK government adamantly refused to allow its use.
Wilson told the audience that anti-cull protests were being held every
weekend in front of the MAFF offices and urged folks to attend the next
one scheduled for Sunday, May 6.
Two days after the meeting in Lockerbie, she received a late-night phone
call from a government agent informing her that her sheep and goats were
to be culled.
'It's illegal, it's disgraceful!'
In her words, "[An official] rang me and said, 'Are you aware we
have a pre-emptive cull?' I said, 'Excuse me, not only am I aware of it,
I am against it! It's illegal, it's disgraceful, and you're not killing
my animals.' I was fuming. Plus they rang me late at night, which I
thought was bang out of order as well."
Wilson immediately filed an appeal for judicial review because "if
you've got a judicial review pending then they can't come and get you,
so you have a few days," she said.
She and her daughter Philippa alerted the media and began rallying
anti-cull activists and neighbors. Supporters from around the UK
traveled to Mossburn; some camped on the premises at night. Kirstin
McBride and her mother Elizabeth Walls, who live only a few miles away,
came every day to show their support. As reported by WorldNetDaily,
their pet goat Misty had been surreptitiously slaughtered by a MAFF vet
in early April, and the two women were now serious anti-cull activists.
With people around at all times and the media keeping fairly close tabs,
whatever MAFF did wasn't going to be done in secret or in the dark.
But despite Wilson's legal efforts, on May 10, a judge gave the green
light to MAFF to kill the sheep and goats, though not the pigs or
cattle, which are more vulnerable to the effects of foot-and-mouth.
Says Wilson, "They simply wanted to get rid of sheep and goats; it
was very clear."
Nonetheless, reluctantly, she agreed to have them slaughtered the next
day but made an arrangement with MAFF that they would be put down by her
vet with a government vet watching.
"MAFF vets weren't killing clean, and I didn't trust them to do it
right. I wanted it done competently and with an anesthetic given
first," Wilson explained. She said it took one vet seven injections
to kill a goat owned by a friend, and "the goat was bleating like
"I wanted my own vet to put them down with their MAFF vet in
attendance, and they had agreed," she declared. "This was to
happen at 10 o'clock Friday morning, but they turned up minutes before 6
with at least 30 policemen to begin the killing then and there."
The ploy by MAFF – that would allow officials to carry out their task
with minimal scrutiny and no media coverage – was almost successful.
Many of the protesters who had been staying at Mossburn left upon
hearing that slaughter was eminent and figuring there was nothing they
could do. Television crews and other media weren't expected for a couple
But a few supporters remained and were joined by others, including
Alistair McConnachie from Glasgow, publisher of Sovereignty, "a
journal for national independence" and an online webzine of the
same name. The site has a special link for information and articles
about foot-and-mouth, including news about the situation at Mossburn. In
addition to the campers and guests, a few early morning risers –
Kirstin McBride was one – arrived minutes ahead of the posse.
MAFF no doubt figured it held the upper hand, but late the preceding
evening Wilson had been dealt a winning card to toss on the table.
"Out of the blue," James Strang, a man she did not know but
who had seen her on television, telephoned with some savvy legal advice,
and by midnight she was being driven to Glasgow, 60 miles north of
Lockerbie, to swear out an affidavit before a notary public that might
stop the slaughter and allow the case to be reopened.
When MAFF with its entourage of police arrived, Wilson presented them
with her signed affidavit. A flurry of phone calls followed as MAFF
officials frantically called headquarters for instructions – and
apparently were told to back off. At 8 a.m. the police and MAFF agents
jumped in their cars and vans and cleared out.
"They were gone!" McConnachie exclaims in the blow-by-blow
account of the standoff he wrote for Sovereignty. "MAFF had backed
down in the face of the affidavit. The police, MAFF and the slaughter
squad who had arrived at the incredible time of 5:45 a.m., ready to kill
the animals, had gone. We had held them off!"
Paying tribute to "the wonders of modern technology,"
McConnachie describes how the news was sent from Mossburn to the world.
"I immediately borrowed Kirstin's (McBride) mobile phone and called
Jane Barribal of FarmTalking.com, an Internet activist. … I told her
the latest amazing happenings, she copied it down and by 9 a.m. had
circulated the entire story via e-mail to hundreds of people and press
desks. By midday, the story had been read by thousands of people."
For Wilson, the hours following the police departure were
"Whilst I'm dealing with the press and all the brouhaha, my
daughter's on the phone putting a new legal team in place. It was
crazy," she says. And it was a team effort. "People tell me,
'You did well,' but it wasn't me – it was whole loads of people who
contributed to the effort."
It was also a race against the clock, as she had a 2 p.m. court
appointment in Edinburgh.
Copyright 2002, WorldNetDaily.com